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Timor-Leste Development Cooperation Factsheet

February 2024

Estimated Australian ODA: 2023-24: $118m
Gross National Income Per Capita: US1,980 (2022)
Population: 1.3m (2022)

Australian ODA 2021-22 Actual ($m)* 2022-23 Actual ($m)* 2023-24 Budget Estimate ($m)*
Country Programs 70.6 77.4 79.1
Regional 20.3 40.0 17.9
Global 19.2 19.7 17.3
Other Government Departments 2.9 0.4 3.7
Total Aust. ODA to Timor-Leste 113.0 137.6 118.0

*Due to rounding, discrepancies may occur between sums of the component items in totals.

Total Australian ODA to Timor-Leste,  by Sector Group, 2023 to 2024 Budget Estimate. 9% Economic Infrastructure and Services. 9% Agriculture, Trade and other Production Sectors. 61% Governance. 7% Education. 9% Health. 2% Humanitarian. 3% Multisector and General Development Support.

Australia and Timor-Leste are close neighbours and friends that share deep and enduring ties.

Australia is Timor-Leste's largest development and security partner. Australia's key areas of development cooperation with the Government of Timor-Leste include health and human development, economic and climate resilience, good governance, community development, infrastructure, and reducing violence against women and children.

Strategic direction

Australia's development assistance contributes to the shared goal of a resilient, prosperous and secure nation, supporting the people of Timor-Leste to overcome poverty and achieve sustainable economic growth. This is consistent with Timor-Leste's Strategic Development Plan 2011-2030 and the global Sustainable Development Goals.

As Timor-Leste recovers from the impacts of COVID-19 and widespread flooding in 2021, Australia is complementing existing long-term partnerships with increased investment in Timor-Leste's economic resilience through infrastructure projects such as the submarine fibre-optic cable and the redevelopment of the Presidente Nicolau Lobato International Airport in Dili. Australia is expanding support for participants in the Pacific Australia Labour Mobility scheme, for Timor-Leste's accession to ASEAN and WTO, and for biosecurity and humanitarian partnerships.

Program highlights

  • Australia was Timor-Leste's primary partner in its COVID-19 response and recovery, and following the severe flooding experienced after Cyclone Seroja in April 2021.
  • Rollout of a new social protection program providing monthly payments to pregnant women and those with children under three years, and a top up payment for children with disability.
  • Improving food security through improved seed storage technology, allowing longer storage and better protection from pests and disease.
  • Providing more than 16,000 legal, medical, psychosocial and referral services to women and children experiencing violence (FY2021-22).
  • Supporting health security, including the 2022-23 dengue outbreak response. Australia provided supplies and diagnostic equipment for health facilities and laboratories, and fogging chemicals to reduce mosquito populations.
  • Since 2012 more than 10,000 Timorese workers have undertaken assignments in Australia under labour mobility programs, contributing skills and remittances to Timor-Leste economy.


Priority Sustainable Development Goals
Goal 1, No poverty.
Goal 2, Zero hunger.
Goal 3, Good Health and Wellbeing.
Goal 4, Quality Education. 
Goal 5, Gender Equality.
Goal 6, Clean Water and Sanitation.
Goal 8, Decent Work and Economic Growth.
Goal 17, Partnerships for the goals.
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