Skip to main content

Sanctions regimes

Zimbabwe

Why are sanctions imposed?

Australia imposed autonomous sanctions in relation to Zimbabwe in 2002, reflecting concerns about political violence and human rights violations.  The sanctions were adjusted in 2012 and 2013 in response to some progress.

What is prohibited by the Zimbabwe sanctions regime?

The Zimbabwe sanctions regime imposes the following sanctions measures:

Measure

UNSC

Autonomous

restrictions on supplying arms and related services

 

 

restrictions on providing assets to designated persons or entities

 

restrictions on dealing with the assets of designated persons or entities

 

travel bans on designated persons.

 

 

Restrictions on supplying arms and related services

The Zimbabwe sanctions regime imposes an arms embargo. It is prohibited to:

  • directly or indirectly supply, sell or transfer arms or related matériel to Zimbabwe
  • provide a service if it relates to the supply of arms or related matériel to Zimbabwe
  • provide a service to Zimbabwe, or for use in Zimbabwe, which relates to:
    • a military activity
    • the manufacture, maintenance or use of arms or related matériel.

Arms or related matériel includes, but is not limited to, weapons, ammunition, military vehicles and equipment, and spare parts and accessories for any of those things. It also includes paramilitary equipment. While each case will be considered individually, goods on the Defence and Strategic Goods List are likely to be considered arms or related matériel. Depending on the context, end user and end use, other goods may also be considered arms or related matériel. Go to Factsheet: Arms or Related Matériel for information on what to consider when assessing whether a good is arms or related matériel.

Restrictions on providing assets to designated persons or entities

The Minister for Foreign Affairs has designated persons and entities which are engaging in or have engaged in activities that seriously undermine democracy, respect for human rights or the rule of law in Zimbabwe.  It is prohibited to directly or indirectly make an asset available to (or for the benefit of) a designated person or entity.

Restrictions on dealing with the assets of designated persons or entities (requirement to freeze assets)

It is prohibited to use or deal with an asset, or allow or facilitate another person to use or deal with an asset owned or controlled by a designated person or entity (the assets are ‘frozen’ and cannot be used or dealt with). The prohibition on ‘dealing’ with assets includes using, selling or moving assets. ‘An 'asset' includes an asset or property of any kind, whether tangible or intangible, movable or immovable.

Go to the Consolidated List to search the names of designated persons and entities.

If you become aware that you are holding an asset of a designated person or entity, you are required to freeze (hold) that asset and notify the AFP as soon as possible. Go to What You Need to Do for more information.

Travel bans

All persons designated for the Zimbabwe sanctions regime are prohibited from transiting through or entering Australia.

 

Sanctions Permits

The Minister for Foreign Affairs may grant a sanctions permit to allow an activity that would otherwise be prohibited under these regimes provided the activity meets specific criteria.

The table below provides a general guide to relevant criteria. You should get your own legal advice if you think your proposed activity is affected by sanctions and may meet the criteria for a permit. Go to Sanctions Permits for Information on permits, including how to apply.  

 

Measure

Criteria

Reference 

Restrictions on supplying arms and related matériel

The Foreign Minister is satisfied that it would be in the national interest to grant a permit

 

Regulations 4, 12 and 18 of the Autonomous Sanctions Regulations 2011

Regulation 11 of the Customs (Prohibited Exports) Regulations 1958

Restrictions on supplying related services

The Foreign Minister is satisfied that it would be in the national interest to grant a permit

 

Regulations 5, 13 and 18 of the Autonomous Sanctions Regulations 2011

Restrictions on providing assets to designated persons or entities

and

Restrictions on dealing with the assets of designated persons or entities

The Foreign Minister is satisfied that it would be in the national interest to grant a permit

and

the activity is a:

  • basic expense dealing;
  • legally required dealing; or
  • contractual dealing.

 

Regulations 6, 14, 15, 18 and 20 of the Autonomous Sanctions Regulations 2011

Autonomous Sanctions (Designated and Declared Persons – Zimbabwe) List 2012

Regulations 11A and 11B of the Customs (Prohibited Exports) Regulations 1958

Relevant legislation

The relevant legislation for the Zimbabwe sanctions regime includes the following:

Other Resources

Back to top