Global health initiatives
Australia contributes to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, an international financing partnership that supports large scale prevention, treatment and care programs and strengthens health systems in developing countries; and Gavi the Vaccine Alliance to support immunisation and health systems, and introduce new vaccines in developing countries.
To complement and support our country programs and global health funds investments, DFAT also supports global initiatives to improve development co-operation on priority health issues, and to increase the effectiveness of our health development program. Information on some of these key activities can be found below.
World Health Organization (WHO)
$12.36 million, 2017-18 (Core voluntary contribution)
The World Health Organization (WHO) is the directing and coordinating authority on international health within the United Nations (UN) system. It delivers technical expertise to countries in our region, assisting governments to build country-level health systems and services that are responsive to people's health needs. WHO plays a lead role in supporting countries to prepare for, identify and respond to emerging diseases, as well as strengthening regional preparedness and capacity to respond to health threats. WHO also leads responses to global and regional health threats and is the lead for the UN Inter-Agency Standing Committee's Global Health Cluster in humanitarian emergencies.
Australia provides WHO with annual core voluntary contributions in a flexible and predictable manner to support the WHO's General Programme of Work.
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
$9.24 million, 2017-2018 (Core contribution)
The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) is key organisation in supporting global achievement of the health, education and gender equality objectives under the Sustainable Development Goals. It is the lead organization within the UN system responsible for ensuring progress towards universal access for sexual and reproductive health, including improving maternal health, increasing access to family planning services, and preventing the spread of HIV/AIDS, gender-based violence as well as addressing issues such as forced and early childhood marriage. UNFPA also provides technical guidance, training and support to its partners in the field to collect, analyse and apply population data for improved, evidence based public policy. Australia provides UNFPA with annual core voluntary contributions in a flexible and predictable manner to support the implementation of UNFPA's Strategic Plan.
The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
$4.5 million, 2017-18 (Core contribution)
The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) is the primary global multilateral agency responding to HIV/AIDS. Its mandate is to provide international coordination, leadership, strategic guidance and advocacy to mobilise global resources for the HIV response.
Australia provides UNAIDS with annual core funding, to support implementation of the UNAIDS Strategy, with a focus on the Indo-Pacific region.
Global Polio Eradication Initiative
The world has made great gains in polio eradication. The incidence of polio has reduced by 99 per cent since 1988: from more than 350,000 cases a year in over 125 endemic countries, to just 37 cases in 2016 in only three remaining endemic countries: Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria.
Australia is committed to global polio eradication. Our investment approach supports global polio eradication efforts, and protects Australian interests by managing the risk of polio re-emerging in our region.
Australia is providing $54 million over five years (2015-2020) to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI).