Development assistance in Solomon Islands
Overview of Australia's aid program to Solomon Islands
Overview of Australia's aid program to Solomon Islands
How we are helping
2018-19 Total Australian ODA Estimated Outcome
2019-20 Bilateral Budget Estimate
2019-20 Total Australian ODA Estimate
Australia has a deep and longstanding relationship with Solomon Islands. Australia is the largest provider of Official Development Assistance (ODA) to Solomon Islands, providing almost two thirds of overseas aid in 2016-17.
In 2019-20, total Australian ODA to Solomon Islands will be an estimated $174.4 million. Of this, DFAT will manage an estimated $122.3 million in bilateral funding.
Following the conclusion of Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI) on 30 June 2017, Australia continues to maintain a substantial investment in Solomon Islands, including: development support for justice and governance managed by DFAT; and police development, delivered by the Australian Federal Police through the bilateral program.
Solomon Islands has made significant gains in the last decade, however, major constraints to growth and private sector investment remain, including poor infrastructure, under-developed labour skills, high utility costs and land tenure issues. Weak public administration and financial management can reduce incentives for international investors as well as local firms.
Entrenched gender inequality constrains the opportunities available to women, to the detriment of the economy and society more broadly. Rates of violence against women are among the highest in the world with an estimated two-thirds of women aged 15-49 having experienced physical or sexual violence.
Development outcomes in Solomon Islands are behind the rest of the region. Solomon Islands ranked 156 out of 187 countries on the 2016 United Nations Human Development Index. Gross Domestic Product per capita is among the lowest in the Pacific at around US$2,000 and has only now recovered to levels from before the RAMSI intervention.
In the long term, inclusive economic growth and strengthened human productivity will underpin stability in Solomon Islands. The Solomon Islands Government's National Development Strategy recognises this with a focus on economic growth, poverty reduction and quality social services. To support this, Australia will retain a strategic focus on stability while increasing emphasis on investments that directly facilitate economic growth and enable wealth creation.
Our program focuses on three strategic objectives as outlined in the Aid Investment Plan (AIP) for 2015-16 to 2018-19:
- Supporting stability
- Enabling economic growth
- Enhancing human development
Australia is committed to ensuring our development efforts in Solomon Islands achieve outcomes for women and girls and people with disability.
Objective 1: Supporting stability
A stable Solomon Islands is critical to economic growth, human development and regional security. Australia will help to maintain stability in Solomon Islands through new programs in governance, police development and justice. These programs will focus on maintaining and strengthening key institutions to improve macroeconomic stability, provide better access to services, and contribute to safer communities in Solomon Islands.
Objective 2: Enabling economic growth
Australia will increasingly support aid for trade initiatives that promote growth in Solomon Islands' economy and strengthen theenabling environment for investment. Australia will work with the private sector to promote rural development and generate employment opportunities, with a strong focus on women.
Australia will continue to support infrastructure that enables economic growth. We will help increase access to and use of financial services in Solomon Islands, in particular for rural women, through innovations including mobile phone and branchless banking technologies.
Australia's Pacific Seasonal Worker Programme (SWP) connects Solomon Islands workers with Australian employers experiencing labour shortages, typically in rural and remote areas.
Objective 3: Enhancing human development
Australia supports education and health outcomes in Solomon Islands, which ultimately underpin stability and boost economic growth. We support better quality education and skills development with dedicated support to women entrepreneurs. Australia Awards scholarships support emerging leaders to contribute to economic and social development of Solomon Islands. In health, Australia works closely with the Solomon Islands Government to deliver better health services to communities.
The bilateral program continues its gradual shift to investments that directly facilitate economic growth including working more with the private sector. However, some of the highlights from Australia's aid program to Solomon Islands in 2016-17 are:
- support for the National Transport Fund, the Solomon Islands Government maintained or rehabilitated 887km of roads in 2016 (up from 255km in 2011 and 877km in 2015).
- the availability of essential medicines at provincial medical stores was 90% in 2016, an increase from 89% in 2015.
- support for 39 Solomon Islanders (up from 33 in 2015-16) to commence tertiary studies in Australia and the Pacific region under the prestigious Australia Awards Scholarships program. Almost half of the scholarships awarded to women were in non-traditional areas such as science, engineering and IT.
- stronger Solomon Islands Government service delivery and macroeconomic stability through consolidation of public sector and public financial management reforms.
- increased access to justice through Australia's support to Solomon Islands' courts and other justice agencies.
- a more attractive enabling environment for business by playing a critical convening role to support the private sector.
- significant progress over the past decade in population health: maternal mortality has reduced by two thirds, child mortality has reduced by half and malaria incidence has declined by 75 per cent.
- improved teacher training, literacy and numeracy, and school infrastructure. In 2015, the literacy and numeracy competence of Year 4 students was tested. 75.6 per cent of students were performing at expected literacy levels and 76.3 per cent at expected numeracy levels. These results are well above the AIP performance benchmark for 2015-2016 (66.4 per cent).
- strong action on violence against women in Solomon Islands, under the framework of the Family Protection Act (FPA) with coordinated support through the justice, police, gender and health programs.
Our changing program
The three strategic objectives of the Aid Investment Plan (AIP) for 2015-16 to 2018-19 are closely connected and mutually reinforcing. Over the life of the AIP, we will continue to adjust the relative weight of our programming between these three objectives as Solomon Islands continues to recover from conflict. This will be achieved mainly through a gradual and careful shift out of aid investments that underpin stability and prevent wealth destruction and into investments that directly facilitate economic growth and enable wealth creation.
Australia will also help achieve outcomes for women and girls in Solomon Islands by integrating effective responses to gender inequality into new and existing programs.