Development assistance in Cambodia
Completed development initiatives in Cambodia
Cambodia Rural Roads Improvement Project Phase II (RRIP II)
$22.6 million, 2014-2020
The Rural Roads Improvement Project Phase II, managed by the Asian Development Bank and Cambodian Ministry of Rural Development, aims to improve around 1,200km of rural roads across Cambodia. Co-financed by the ADB, Cambodian Government, Korea, France, Nordic Development Fund and Strategic Climate Fund, the project will ensure rehabilitated roads are climate resilient, providing 365 day access to schools, hospitals and markets on project roads. A 2015 assessment found that many rural roads are only accessible for around 200 days per year due to flooding and erosion.
Road safety in Cambodia is poor, and too many drivers, passengers and pedestrians are injured or killed each year. Through improved road quality and targeted road safety trainings, we expect to see a 20 per cent reduction in the road crash rate in project areas by 2020. At least 20 per cent of unskilled jobs under the project will go to women.
|Name of document||Year published||Type|
|Cambodia Rural Roads Improvement Program Phase II Mid-term review||2018||Review|
Community Policing Initiative
$4.2 million, 2016-2019
The Community Policing Initiative works in partnership with the Cambodia National Police (CNP) which has committed to implement community policing as the foundation for service delivery by all 1,633 commune police posts in Cambodia. This initiative is assisting the CNP in strengthening community policing management and oversight; performance effectiveness of commune police officers; police and community relations; and sustainability of a community policing approach in Cambodia.
This initiative complements Australia's support for services for women affected by gender-based violence and supports CNP-Australian Federal Police relationships.
Clearing for Results Phase III (CFR-III)
$9 million, 2016-2019
Cambodia's extensive landmine and Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) contamination is the result of protracted internal and regional conflicts from the mid-1960s through to the late-1990s. A baseline survey completed in 2013 found that over 1,900 square kilometres remained contaminated with landmines and other ERW.
Australia has been a long standing partner of Cambodia in reducing the impacts of landmines and ERW. We have provided over $90 million to mine action and victim assistance activities since 1994. Starting in 2006, Australia's contribution to the mine action sector has been through funding the Clearing for Results, a multi-donor program managed by UNDP in partnership with Cambodian Mine Action and Victim Assistance Authority (CMAA).
The CFR-III (2016-2019) builds on the success of the previous two phases by continuing to clear and release contaminated land in Battambang, Banteay Meanchey and Pailin provinces and improve CMAA's capacity to better manage, monitor, regulate, and lead the sector. Australia's contribution of $9 million to CFR-III is expected to result in at least 27 square kilometres of released land over four years.
Landmines and explosive remnants of war have killed or injured nearly 65,000 people in Cambodia since 1979. The thousands of survivors require ongoing rehabilitation. Cambodia has integrated victim assistance into broader national disability policies and is in the process of integrating disability across all ministries and sectors. Accordingly, Australia previously supported Cambodia to meet its responsibilities under the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities through a separate program–the Disability Rights Initiative Cambodia (DRIC)–and is now implementing the Australia-Cambodia Cooperation on Equitable Sustainable Services (ACCESS) program, which has a focus on disability-related services.
Cambodia Communications Assistance Project (CCAP)
$6.5 million, 2012-2019
Australia, through an Australian Broadcasting Commission program, is providing support to Cambodian provincial departments through the Cambodia Communications Assistance Project (CCAP) to enable them to reach Cambodia's rural population via government radio. This program provides a bridge for citizens to listen, raise issues, ask questions and request action relating to government services and information. It also provides a platform for the Cambodian Government to communicate directly with communities at the sub-national level. CCAP has a specific radio program We Can Do It!, focusing on ending violence against women.
|Name of document||Year published||Type|
|Cambodian Communications Assistance Project Independent Evaluation||2014||Independent evaluation|
|Cambodian Communications Assistance Project Phase 1 Completion Report||2015||Completion report|
Partnering to Save Lives Program
$19.75 million, 2013-2018
In 2013, we launched a partnership between CARE Australia, Save the Children Australia, Marie Stopes International Australia, the Australian Government and the Royal Government of Cambodia. Partnering to Save Lives improved reproductive, maternal and neonatal care, particularly in Cambodia's four remote north-eastern provinces, which have significant ethnic minority communities. The program also provided reproductive health information and services in other parts of the country, including to young women working in Cambodia's garment factories.
- Health assistance in Southeast Asia
- The Kingdom of Cambodia Health System Review
- Cambodia Demography and Health Survey 2014's Key Indicator Reports
- National Coverage and Health Service Utilisation by Health Equity Funds Members 2004-2015
Ending Violence Against Women
$13.4 million, 2012-2017
The Cambodia Ending Violence Against Women (EVAW) program focused on changing attitudes and preventing violence so that women and girls can feel safe in their homes, workplace and communities.
Violence against women and girls is widespread, systemic and culturally entrenched in Cambodia. According to the most recent prevalence data, at least one in five women between the ages of 15 and 64 have suffered physical or sexual intimate partner violence.
The EVAW program support focused on three areas:
- Access to services – such as health, psycho-social counselling, shelter, education and legal services for women experiencing violence.
- Prevention – working with government, civil society and private sector on community and institutional attitudes.
- Justice – increasing opportunities to access justice for women who experience violence.
These focus areas were underpinned by support for institutional capacity building and coordination as well as research and evidence to support policy and future programming.
Program achievements include:
- The Second National Action Plan to Prevent Violence Against Women, the key whole-of-government policy on violence against women (VAW), was adopted by Cambodia in December 2014. It is now being used to drive whole-of-government policies and actions on violence against women.
- National data collection surveys funded by Australia – the Cambodia Demographic and Health Survey (CDHS) and the VAW Prevalence Study – were launched in late 2015 giving the Government of Cambodia and other stakeholders reliable information on the prevalence of VAW in Cambodia for the first time.
- Over the life of the program: 12,907 women and their families were provided with shelter, counselling, legal aid or peer support services; 18,337 people were trained or participated in community awareness programs; and 2,938 people were recipients of legal response activities.
- Nine documented practice guidelines and associated training manuals were developed, approved, published and implemented to provide information and advice to service providers delivering services to victims of violence. These included: Minimum Service Standards for Basic Counselling to Survivors of Gender Based Violence against Women; Referral Guidelines for Survivors of Gender-Based Violence against Women, and National Guidelines for Managing Violence against Women and Children in the Health System.
- A Community Alcohol Notification System (CANS) and Media Code of Conduct were also developed and implemented, helping to change community and institutional attitudes and prevent violence from occurring.
Australia worked closely with the Ministry of Women's Affairs as well as with UN agencies such as UN Women, UN Population Fund and the World Health Organization, other bilateral partners (Germany) and local and international NGOs such as The Asia Foundation, CARE Australia, Hagar and others to deliver the program.
Cambodia Rural Energy Project
$7.8 million, 2014-2017
Led by the Asian Development Bank, this project aimed to increase access to affordable and reliable energy for rural communities. It directly expanded supply of reliable grid electricity for up to 8,000 households in Svay Rieng province.
Given that cooking accounts for as much as 90% of energy needs in many Cambodian households, the program also worked with retailers, mostly women, to help sell 90,000 improved, energy efficient cook stoves.
Disability Rights Initiative Cambodia
$10.4 million, 2014 – 2017
The Disability Rights Initiative Cambodia (DRIC) was a joint United Nations – Australian aid program to improve quality of life for people with disability in Cambodia. Closely linked to the Royal Government of Cambodia's overarching strategy for disability inclusion, the program helped ensure "people with disability have increased opportunities for participation in social, economic, cultural and political life through effective implementation of the National Disability Strategic Plan."
DRIC was implemented in partnership with the United Nations Development Programme, the World Health Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund. The program included four components:
- Supporting Government implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
- Supporting Disabled People's Organisations to raise the voice and protect the rights of people with disability
- Supporting rehabilitation systems strengthening
- Inclusive governance and inclusive community development
|Name of document||Year published||Type|
|Disability Rights Initiative Cambodia – Joint Programme Document||2013||Design|
|Disability Rights Initiative Cambodia Programme Factsheet||2014||Factsheet|
|Situation Analysis for Disability Inclusive Governance and Community Development in Cambodia||2014||Situation analysis|
|National Disability Strategic Plan 2014-2018||2014||Strategic plan|
|2015 Consolidated Narrative Annual Report||2015||Annual Report|
|Disability Rights Initiative Cambodia – Mid Term Review Report 2016||2016||Independent Evaluation|
|Disability Rights Initiative Cambodia – Mid Term Review Joint-Management Response 2016||2016||Management Responses|
Cambodia Emergency Flood Rehabilitation Project
$12.6 million, 2012-2017
The Cambodia Emergency Flood Rehabilitation Project, with an initial Australian contribution of $5 million, was initiated in the wake of serious damage to Cambodia's infrastructure during the severe Mekong region flooding in 2011.
The project restored critical public and social infrastructure assets necessary to restore livelihoods and access in affected provinces, and securing the social infrastructure services against future flooding. Project works included reconstructing flood-damaged national, provincial and rural roads, repairing flood-damaged irrigation schemes and strengthening emergency management capacity for natural disasters.
There was serious flooding again in late 2013, affecting different regions. Due to the continuing level of need and effective project performance, Australia entered into a second phase of this project, increasing its total contribution to $12.6 million.
- Asian Development Bank: Flood Damage Emergency Reconstruction Project
- Asian Development Bank: Flood Damage Emergency Reconstruction Project (Additional Financing)
- Government of Cambodia Ministry of Economy and Finance: Flood Damage Emergency Reconstruction Project
Rehabilitation of Railway in Cambodia Project
$27.1 million, 2009-2015
Australia's support for the Asian Development Bank's US$143 million project to upgrade the national railway of Cambodia came to an end in 2015.
Regular freight services by rail are now operating between Phnom Penh and the seaport at Sihanoukville. In recognition of challenges associated with resettlement, Australia agreed that implementation of the Expanded Income Restoration Program under the project be allowed to continue until December 2014.
Southern Coastal Corridor Cambodia
$10.3 million, 2007-2015
The Southern Coastal Corridor Cambodia initiative, in partnership with the Asian Development Bank, upgraded the southern coastal road corridor from Kampong Trach to the Cambodia/Vietnam border, and the border post at Preak Chak. Australian funding financed consulting services including programs on HIV awareness and prevention, and mitigating social and environmental impacts.
All project works, including construction of the new 15km road, the agreed road maintenance contracts, and the works at the cross-border facility were completed. The original scope of the HIV and Trafficking Awareness and Prevention program was fully met, with 800 people (of which 70 per cent were women) benefiting. While economic impacts are not due to be assessed until 2020, early evidence suggests the project has helped significantly grow trade volumes between Cambodia and Vietnam, and promote private sector growth along the route.
Cambodia Community Justice Assistance Partnership
In accordance with the recommendations of a 2012 evaluation and as agreed between the Governments of Australia and Cambodia in 2012, Australia's sector-wide assistance to the law and justice sector, delivered primarily through the Cambodia Community Justice Assistance Partnership, ended in June 2016.
Australia has continued assistance in this sector by strengthening Cambodian police engagement with communities, and supporting the Khmer Rouge Tribunal (the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia) seeking justice for crimes against humanity committed by former Khmer Rouge officials.