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Foreign investment statistics

Statistics on who invests in Australia

Foreign economies had a total of $3.8 trillion invested in Australia at the end of 2019.

Which economies invest in Australia?

The United States and United Kingdom are the biggest investors in Australia, followed by Belgium, Japan and Hong Kong (SAR of China).

China is our ninth largest foreign investor, with 2.0 per cent of the total. However, the levels of Hong Kong (SAR of China) and Chinese investment in Australia have grown significantly over the past decade.

The table below shows the top 20 foreign investors in Australia at the end of 2019. Yearly values are in A$ billion and include both direct, portfolio investment and other investment.

Which economies invest in Australia? 2019, A$ billion
Rank in 2019 Economy 2017 2018 2019 % of total % change 2018 to 2019 5-year trend % growth
1 United States 912.9 949.2 983.7 25.6 3.6 4.1
2 United Kingdom 498.4 584.0 686.1 17.8 17.5 6.8
3 Belgium 305.1 315.5 348.1 9.1 10.4 9.1
4 Japan 226.5 233.9 241.1 6.3 3.1 4.8
5 Hong Kong (SAR of China) 108.7 122.9 140.7 3.7 14.5 13.1
6 Singapore 87.1 89.8 99.9 2.6 11.2 0.9
7 Netherlands 82.0 84.2 86.7 2.3 3.0 8.2
8 Luxembourg 80.9 77.9 85.5 2.2 9.6 7.9
9 China 64.0 68.2 78.2 2.0 14.6 0.7
10 New Zealand 45.6 47.1 64.4 1.7 36.6 10.0
11 Canada 45.6 53.5 60.7 1.6 13.4 11.2
12 Switzerland 54.1 49.3 56.1 1.5 13.8 0.3
13 Germany 48.5 48.3 49.1 1.3 1.7 4.6
14 Bermuda 45.6 46.6 44.4 1.2 -4.8 2.2
15 France 25.2 49.0 35.8 0.9 -26.9 14.9
16 Republic of Korea 26.8 30.5 31.4 0.8 2.9 8.0
17 Ireland 24.2 22.1 27.9 0.7 26.4 8.5
18 Norway 20.1 19.6 25.3 0.7 28.9 13.6
19 Virgin Islands, British 24.3 24.0 24.1 0.6 0.6 3.3
20 Malaysia 21.6 22.4 22.6 0.6 0.7 1.9
  All economies 3,352.5 3,565.6 3,844.5 100.0 7.8 5.9
Based on ABS catalogue 5352.0. Last Updated: May 2020.

How does this compare with other economies?

Australia has the 14th-highest amount of direct foreign inward investment in the world.

The table below shows how our level of direct inward investment compared with other economies in 2018. Yearly values are in US$ billion.

Economies ranked by direct foreign inward investment 2018, US$ billion
Rank in 2018 Economy 2016 2017 2018 % of total % change 2017 to 2018 5-year trend % growth
1 United States 6,586.4 7,844.2 7,464.7 23.1 -4.8 9.8
2 Hong Kong (SAR of China) 1,626.0 1,943.9 1,997.2 6.2 2.7 8.2
3 United Kingdom 1,475.6 1,805.8 1,890.4 5.9 4.7 4.3
4 Netherlands 1,394.2 1,688.3 1,673.8 5.2 -0.9 13.2
5 China 1,354.6 1,488.7 1,627.7 5.0 9.3 11.2
6 Singapore 1,112.6 1,393.4 1,481.0 4.6 6.3 10.3
7 Switzerland 1,081.8 1,154.8 1,062.8 3.3 -8.0 7.5
8 Germany 794.5 957.4 939.0 2.9 -1.9 0.5
9 Ireland 840.7 892.7 909.5 2.8 1.9 18.9
10 Canada 965.9 1,073.0 894.0 2.8 -16.7 -0.2
11 France 694.9 818.5 824.9 2.6 0.8 2.5
12 British Virgin Islands 643.6 701.2 745.4 2.3 6.3 7.7
13 Brazil 563.5 623.0 684.2 2.1 9.8 2.3
14 Australia 606.1 689.4 682.9 2.1 -0.9 4.3
15 Spain 553.8 645.3 659.0 2.0 2.1 1.4
16 Cayman Islands 442.5 468.1 525.5 1.6 12.3 16.4
17 Belgium 515.1 582.6 522.3 1.6 -10.3 -0.6
18 Mexico 473.4 490.6 485.8 1.5 -1.0 -0.3
19 Italy 352.6 428.0 431.0 1.3 0.7 4.2
20 Russian Federation 393.9 441.1 407.4 1.3 -7.7 2.7
  All economies 28,243.0 32,623.6 32,272.0   -1.1 4.5
Source: UNCTADstat database. Last Updated: July 2019.

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Contacts

Statistical Information Service: statssection@dfat.gov.au

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