Towards a Nuclear Weapons Free World
Australia is committed to the goal of a world free of nuclear weapons and has long championed international nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament efforts through a pragmatic, realistic and progressive approach.
Eliminating nuclear weapons will take sustained, practical, and incremental steps and requires inclusive processes that engage all states, including those that possess or rely on nuclear deterrence for their security. As a non-nuclear-weapon state, Australia engages with countries to advocate disarmament and non-proliferation and consistently promotes cooperation within existing disarmament architecture based on the cornerstone Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
Australia is involved in numerous bilateral, plurilateral and multilateral treaties and arrangements which seek to reduce or eliminate certain categories of nuclear weapons and to prevent the proliferation of such weapons and their delivery vehicles. Australia consistently works to promote support for the NPT through the work of the cross-regional Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Initiative (NPDI), progressing nuclear disarmament verification, and promoting risk reduction measures such as transparency and confidence building to underpin practical progress towards disarmament. Australia was also instrumental in pushing for a comprehensive ban on nuclear tests,was a key force behind the drafting of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty and is a committed party to the South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty (also known as the Treaty of Rarotonga).
Does Australia Have or Want Nuclear Weapons?
Australia does not possess any nuclear weapons and is not seeking to become a nuclear weapons state. Australia's core obligations as a non-nuclear weapon state are set out in the NPT. This includes a solemn undertaking not to acquire nuclear weapons.