Development assistance in Niue
Development assistance in Niue
- 2021-22 bilateral allocation [budget estimate]
- $1.4 million
- 2021-22 total Australian ODA [budget estimate]
- $3.5 million
- 2019-20 total Australian ODA [budget actual]
- $4 million
Australia provides aid to Niue through a delegated cooperation arrangement with New Zealand. New Zealand is the major donor to Niue. Australia's assistance focuses on waste management, education, and economic recovery. Australian support to Niue is aligned with Partnerships for Recovery, Australia’s COVID-19 Development Response.
With a population of around 1,500 people living on an area of land just 260 square kilometres, Niue faces significant development constraints. These include isolation, limited natural resources and transport, poor communications, and a lack of skilled labour. Niue also experiences high rates of migration to New Zealand as there are limited employment prospects in the country. In addition, Niue is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, particularly rising seas levels, droughts, and storms.
Pillar 1 — health security
In 2020, Australia supported the World Health Organisation to provide personal protective equipment and GeneExpert COVID-19 testing cartridges to strengthen Niue’s health system.
Australia is also working with the governments of Niue and New Zealand to address waste management challenges in Niue. Australia is contributing to the construction of a new recycling centre, improvements to existing landfill sites, the purchase of new equipment, including a refuse collection truck, and public education campaigns around waste management and recycling.
Australia funded the Niue component of the Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change Program (PACC), implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP). PACC helped to improve household water security through the installation of rainwater tanks.
Australia has helped to improve the Niue Government's delivery of water and electricity services through the placement of technical advisors under the Pacific Technical Assistance Mechanism (PACTAM).
Pillar 2 — stability
Australia is collaborating with the local broadcaster to install a new satellite dish to allow Niue to access 24-hour programming from the Australian Broadcasting Corporation.
Australia is providing Australia Awards Pacific Scholarships to support Niuean students to undertake undergraduate and diploma-level study at the University of the South Pacific.
Australia funded the construction of a new school in Niue which also functions as a shelter for the local community in extreme weather events. Construction of the school was completed in November 2015 and opened in January 2016. Over $4.2 million was committed to the design and construction of the school.
Pillar 3 — economic recovery
In 2020, Australia made $2.5 million available from existing development funds to assist Niue’s economy during the pandemic. Australia’s support helped to re-build Niue’s wharf (damaged during Tropical Cyclone Tino in 2020) and enable the import of essential goods.
In 2006 the governments of Australia, Niue and New Zealand established the Niue International Trust Fund (NITF). The NITF was set up to provide a long-term, dependable revenue stream for the Niue Government, encourage self-reliance and decrease dependency on official development assistance. Australia provides input into the management of the Niue International Trust Fund (NITF) through representation on the NITF Board.