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Czech Republic

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Czech Republic country brief

Key engagement

Australia and the Czech Republic established diplomatic ties in 1993.

Australia and the Czech Republic are like-minded countries and cooperate on a range of international issues bilaterally, with the European Union and in multilateral fora.


While modest, Australia and the Czech Republic's trade and economic ties could develop further through the negotiation of a comprehensive and ambitious Australia-EU Trade Agreement.

There are opportunities for business engagement especially in high value add products and services within agrifood, infrastructure technology and services, energy, digital technologies, cybersecurity, aged care and medical devices, and applied RandD.

Bilateral relations

Australia and the Czech Republic share a commitment to the fundamental values of democracy, peace and free trade. Australia and the Czech Republic have friendly relations, based on shared interests and close people‑to‑people links. Since the Second World War, there have been two major waves of immigration: after the communist takeover of Czechoslovakia in 1948 and following Soviet occupation in 1968. As of the 2021 Australian census, there were 7,776 people born in the Czech Republic in Australia and 27,862 Australian residents of Czechian descent.

The Czech Republic has an Embassy in Canberra, a Consulate-General in Sydney, and Consulates in Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide, Perth and Hobart.

Foreign policy

The Czech Republic joined the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) in 1995 and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1999.

Australia and the Czech Republic both contributed military personnel to the United States led Coalition Against Daesh. Australia and the Czech Republic have also both provided military and humanitarian assistance to Ukraine in response to Russia's unilateral, illegal and immoral aggression.

The Czech Republic became a member state of the United Nations in 1993, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the World Trade Organization in 1995. The Czech Republic joined the European Union in 2004. From 1 July to 31 December 2022, the Czech Republic held the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.

Fast facts

Czech visitors to Australia (year ending June 2022)
Resident Australian population born in the Czech Republic (2021 census)
Australian residents of Czech descent (2021 census)

High level engagement

  • February 2022 – Then Foreign Minister Marise Payne visited Prague.
  • October 2019 – The Czech Republic's Deputy Minister for Trade, Martin Tlapa, visited Australia with a business delegation.

Political overview

The Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic were created as separate States on 1 January 1993 from the territory of the former Czechoslovakia. The Czech Republic marks its National Day on 28 October, which celebrates the creation of Czechoslovakia in 1918.

The Czech Republic is a pluralist, multi-party parliamentary representative democracy with the Prime Minister as Head of Government. The Parliament is bicameral. The Chamber of Deputies or Lower House has 200 members elected for four years and the Senate or Upper House has 81 members elected for six years, with one-third of senators replaced every two years. Since 2016, Czechia has been entered in the UN country name database as the short name of the Czech Republic, but it has not replaced the full official name.

Public diplomacy

The Australian Embassy in Warsaw promotes Australian culture and values in the Czech Republic, emphasising the community and historical links between our countries, and promotes Australia as an innovative and attractive trade and investment partner.

The Embassy supports the annual Aussie and Kiwi Film Festival held in Prague in November. Four Tasmanian Devils were transferred to the Prague Zoo as part of the Save the Tasmanian Devil Program (STDP).

The Australian Embassy in Warsaw is responsible for the Czech Republic

  • Australia has a Consulate in Prague, managed by Austrade.
  • Economic diplomacy

    Two-way goods and services trade between the Czech Republic and Australia was valued at $1.595 billion in 2021. Bilateral trade was dominated by merchandise imports from the Czech Republic.

    Major imports from the Czech Republic that year comprised passenger motor vehicles, pumps and parts, and civil engineering equipment and parts. Australia's major exports were wool and other animal hair, education-related travel, and vehicle parts and accessories.

    In 2021, the stock of Czech investment in Australia was valued at $1.5 billion.

    Czech Republic trade/economic fact sheet PDF 199 KB]

    The Australian Government continues to seek opportunities to promote Australian business and raise awareness of potential benefits of increased trade and investment between Australia and Europe, including the Czech Republic. This work has intensified following the launch of Australia-EU FTA negotiations in June 2018.

    More information about the Australia-EU FTA.


    There are opportunities for Australian businesses in the Czech Republic in high value add, specialised products and services within defence, energy, ICT, cybernetics, new materials development, healthcare, education and applied RandD. Australia is perceived as a highly developed, innovative country offering remarkable solutions.

    Australian companies with business interests in the Czech Republic include European Metals (mining) and MGC Pharmaceuticals (biopharmaceuticals).

    Austrade's Prague office assists Australian companies to build and implement their export strategies. Austrade offers practical advice, market intelligence, and ongoing support to Australian companies seeking to grow their business in the Czech Republic. Austrade also works to attract productive foreign direct investment into Australia and promote RandD collaboration.


    See Smartraveller for information on travelling to the Czech Republic

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