Czech Republic country brief
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Australia and the Czech Republic established diplomatic ties in 1993.
Australia and the Czech Republic are like-minded countries and cooperate on a range of international issues in multilateral fora.
While modest at present, Australia and the Czech Republic’s trade and economic ties will develop further through the negotiation of a comprehensive and ambitious Australia-EU Free Trade Agreement.
There are opportunities for further business engagement especially in high value add products and services within defence, energy, ICT, cybernetics, new materials development, healthcare, education and applied R&D.
The Australia and Czech Republic relationship is underpinned by strong people-to-people links. Since the Second World War, there have been two major waves of immigration: after the communist takeover of Czechoslovakia in 1948 and following Soviet occupation in 1968. The Czech Republic has an Embassy in Canberra, a Consulate-General in Melbourne, and Consulates in Sydney, Brisbane, Adelaide, Perth and Hobart.
The Czech Republic joined the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) in 1995 and the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) in 1999.
The Czech Republic is a member of the Visegrád Four, with Poland, Slovakia and Hungary. The grouping aims to promote closer cooperation between these four central European countries to further their European integration. All four countries joined the European Union in 2004.
The Czech Republic became a member state of the United Nations in 1993. The Czech Republic holds a seat on the United Nations Human Rights Council until 2021.
- Czechian visitors to Australia (Year ended June 2020)
- Australian resident returns to the Czech Republic (Year ended June 2020)
- Resident Australian population born in the Czech Republic (2016 census)
- Australian residents of Czechian descent (2016 census)
- Czechian working holidaymakers (Year ended June 2020)
- Czechian student enrolments in Australia (2019)
High level engagement
The Czech Republic’s Deputy Minister for Trade visited Australia with a business delegation.
The Czech Republic’s Deputy Trade and Industry Minister, Milan Hovorka visited Melbourne.
Agreements and arrangements with the Czech Republic
Work and Holiday arrangement
Social Security Agreement
Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy and the Transfer of Nuclear Material
Double Taxation Agreement
Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement
Texts of bilateral agreements are available at the Australian Treaties Database.
The Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic were created as separate States on 1 January 1993 from the territory of the former Czechoslovakia. The Czech Republic marks its National Day on 28 October, which celebrates the creation of Czechoslovakia in 1918.
The Czech Republic is a pluralist, multi-party parliamentary representative democracy with the Prime Minister as Head of Government. The Parliament is bicameral. The Chamber of Deputies or Lower House has 200 members elected for four years and the Senate or Upper House has 81 members elected for six years, with one-third of senators replaced every two years.
The Australian Embassy’s public diplomacy program focuses on promoting Australia as an attractive trade and investment partner for the Czech Republic, showcasing Australian culture and emphasising the community and historical links between our countries. The Embassy supports the annual Aussie and Kiwi Film Festival held in Prague in November. Four Tasmanian Devils were transferred to the Prague Zoo as part of the Save the Tasmanian Devil Program (STDP).
The Australian Embassy in Warsaw is responsible for the Czech Republic.
Two-way trade between the Czech Republic and Australia was valued at $1.0 billion in 2019. Exports from Australia to the Czech Republic were valued at $220 million and imports to Australia from the Czech Republic totalled $821 million.
Major merchandise imports from the Czech Republic to Australia included passenger motor vehicles, pumps (excluding liquid pumps) and parts, telecommunication equipment and parts, electrical machinery and parts and civil engineering equipment and parts.
Major merchandise exports to the Czech Republic from Australia included wool and other animal hair, vehicle parts and accessories, telecommunication equipment and parts, non-electrical engines and motors, and medicaments (including veterinary).
Australia continues to seek opportunities to promote Australian business and raise awareness of potential benefits of increased trade between Australia and Europe, including the Czech Republic. This work has intensified following the launch of Australia-EU FTA negotiations in June 2018.
More information about the Australia-EU FTA.
There are opportunities for Australian businesses in the Czech Republic in high value add, specialised products and services within defence, energy, ICT, cybernetics, new materials development, healthcare, education and applied R&D. Australia is perceived as a highly developed, innovative country offering remarkable solutions.
Australian companies with business interests in the Czech Republic include European Metals (mining) and MGC Pharmaceuticals (biopharmaceuticals).
Austrade’s Prague Office aims to support Australian business interests in the Czech Republic, attract foreign direct investment into Australia, and promotes the Australian education sector and R&D collaboration.
See Smartraveller for information on travelling to the Czech Republic.