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Botswana is a landlocked nation in the middle of Southern Africa. With a population of just over 2.35 million (2020) and a land mass of 566,730 square kilometres, Botswana is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world – covered mainly by the Kalahari Dessert. English is the official language, while Setswana is the national language.

Botswana is a member of the Commonwealth and the Southern African Development Community (SADC). SADC is headquartered in Botswana's capital, Gaborone. Botswana's economy has grown strongly since independence. Botswana has one of the highest standards of living and gross national incomes in Africa.

Australia's diplomatic representation to Botswana is from the High Commission in Pretoria, South Africa, assisted by an Honorary Consul in Gaborone. Botswana has a High Commission in Canberra, Australia.

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