Bangladesh country brief
Bangladesh is a low-lying, mainly riverine country on the Bay of Bengal. It covers an area of 147,000 square kilometres (about two-thirds the size of Victoria). Bangladesh is a Muslim-majority nation with a democratic, parliamentary system of government and a population of approximately 167 million people.
Australia and Bangladesh share interests in a secure, prosperous and inclusive Indian Ocean region that supports independent, sovereign and resilient states.
Australia was among the first countries to recognise Bangladesh after it achieved independence in 1971 and on 31 January 1972 Australia established our resident mission in Dhaka. Australia and Bangladesh celebrate 50 years of diplomatic relations in 2022.
High‑level visits and meetings
Recent bilateral visits and meetings include:
- in February 2022, the first Joint Working Group on Trade and Investment was held in Canberra, Bangladesh’s delegation was led by Mr Tapan Kanti Ghosh, Senior Secretary, Ministry of Commerce
- in November 2021, then Prime Minister Scott Morrison met Bangladesh’s Prime Minister, Sheikh Hasina, on the sidelines of the COP26 summit in Glasgow
- in September 2021, then Minister for Trade, Tourism and Investment, the Hon Dan Tehan MP, signed the Australia-Bangladesh Trade and Investment Framework Arrangement with Bangladesh Commerce Minister, Mr Tipu Munshi
- in November 2019, then Assistant Trade Minister, the Hon Mr Mark Coulton MP, and Bangladesh Commerce Minister, Mr Tipu Munshi, met in Sydney for the inaugural Australia-Bangladesh Trade Conference
- in September 2019, former Minister for Foreign Affairs, Senator the Hon Marise Payne, visited Bangladesh and met Prime Minister Hasina and participated in the 3rd Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) Blue Economy Ministerial Conference
- in April 2018, then Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull met Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, who was visiting Sydney for the 2018 Global Summit of Women.
Trade and investment relationship
Bangladesh has achieved impressive economic growth in the last decade (averaging over six per cent each year) and will graduate from Least Developed Country status in 2026. Australia and Bangladesh are pursuing new opportunities to promote trade and investment under the Australia-Bangladesh Trade and Investment Framework Arrangement.
In 2019-20, Australia’s two-way goods and services trade with Bangladesh grew to over $2.6 billion, with two-way trade in goods valued at $2.0 billion. Agricultural products are among Australia’s top exports to Bangladesh, clothing and textiles are key imports. As a Least Developed Country, products from Bangladesh enter Australia duty-free and quota-free.
While challenges remain to doing business, Bangladesh offers increasing long‑term commercial opportunities to Australian companies operating in education services, food and beverages, agribusiness and energy and minerals. Australian businesses are well placed to provide services and equipment for energy and infrastructure developments.
For more information on developing commercial links with Bangladesh, please see the Austrade website.
People to people links
People to people links are an important component of our bilateral relationship and span business, trade, education, sport and cultural exchanges. The number of Bangladeshis settling permanently in Australia has increased significantly in recent years. The 2016 Census recorded 41,233 people from Bangladesh living in Australia, up from 27,808 recorded in the 2011 Census. In 2018, just under 7,000 Bangladeshi students enrolled to study in Australia (an increase of 26 per cent from 2015).
Australia and Bangladesh cooperate closely to promote peace and security, including to prevent irregular migration and to counter violent extremism. Our cooperation on transnational crime is underpinned by the Memorandum of Understanding between the Australian Federal Police and the Bangladesh National Police on Combating Transnational Crime and Developing Police Cooperation signed in September 2015.
Regional and global issues
Australia and Bangladesh work closely on a range of common strategic interests in regional and global forums, including as members of the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) and the Bali Process on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime. Bangladesh is currently the Chair of IORA.
Bangladesh is a member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), of which Australia is now an observer, and plays an active role in the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi‑Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC), to promote trade, investment, tourism and regional prosperity and stability.
More broadly, Australia and Bangladesh play active roles in forums such as the Commonwealth, the World Trade Organization and the United Nations (UN). Bangladesh has provided large numbers of personnel to UN peacekeeping operations around the world, including in Cambodia, Bosnia, Somalia, Haiti, Timor-Leste and in Africa. In 2021, Bangladesh was the top contributor of personnel to UN peacekeeping operations.
Bangladesh has shown generosity in hosting around one million Rohingya displaced from Myanmar. The ongoing humanitarian crises in Bangladesh and Myanmar are the largest and most complex in our region. Australia will continue to complement our humanitarian assistance for the Rohingya crisis with our efforts in advocating for accountability for the atrocities in Rakhine State; and working with Myanmar, Bangladesh and other regional and international partners to find a durable solution to the crisis.
Australia’s development partnership with Bangladesh is long-standing and we will continue to support Bangladesh through its response and recovery from COVID-19.
More information on Australia's development partnership to Bangladesh.