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Gender equality and empowering women and girls

Pacific Regional - Empowering women and girls

Overview

Pacific women are hardworking, creative and resilient. They make significant contributions to their societies and economies and there is a growing recognition among governments and the private sector that investing in women and girls has a powerful effect on economic growth and wellbeing. However, women and girls face significant challenges. Up to 60 per cent of women and girls have experienced violence at the hands of partners or family members. The Inter-Parliamentary Union reports that globally, women comprise close to 25 per cent of national parliamentarians (world average as at January 2020), but the percentage of women in Pacific parliaments is currently around 6.4 per cent. Across the Pacific, men outnumber women in paid employment (outside the agricultural sector) by approximately two to one, and males typically earn 20 to 50 percent more than women because they work in jobs attracting higher salaries.

The Australian Government is strongly committed to being at the forefront of efforts to give women and girls the opportunities and resources to reach their full potential. The 10-year, $320 million Pacific Women Shaping Pacific Development (Pacific Women) initiative is the flagship program in the Pacific to take this commitment forward. Approximately 30 per cent of this budget is sourced from the Pacific regional program, with Pacific bilateral programs contributing the remaining funds.

Women's empowerment is a cross-cutting component of the Pacific regional program. All our investments will support women to participate fully, freely and safely in political, economic and social life. Gender equality and gender-responsive reporting are features of our mutual obligation arrangements with regional and multilateral organisations.

Related initiatives

Pacific Women Shaping Pacific Development

Up to $320 million, 2012-2013 – 2021-2022

Pacific Women Shaping Pacific Development (Pacific Women) aims to improve the political, economic and social opportunities of Pacific women in 14 Pacific Island countries (PICs). Pacific Women is working with Pacific governments, civil society organisations, the private sector, and multilateral, regional and United Nations agencies to achieve the following outcomes:

 

  1. Women and women's interests are increasingly represented and visible through leadership at all levels of decision-making.
  2. Women have expanded economic opportunities to earn an income and accumulate economic assets.
  3. Violence against women is reduced and survivors of violence have access to support services and to justice.
  4. Women in the Pacific will have a stronger sense of their own agency, supported by a changing legal and social environment and through increased access to the services they need.

An Advisory Board comprising twelve prominent Pacific women and men guides the initiative. Australia's Ambassador for Women and Girls is an observer to the Board.

Australia's support is delivered primarily at the country level. Individual country plans have been developed–in close consultation with Pacific women and men, their organisations and national governments–to guide implementation of activities. Regional and multi-country activities are also being implemented to address common issues across the region and to complement and build on country activities to achieve greater impact in addressing gender inequality. Country plan development has included consultation with women living with disabilities and disabled peoples' organisations. A member of the Pacific Women Advisory Board represents the interests of women living with disabilities.

In 2020 Pacific Women pivoted to address the impacts of COVID-19:

Health impacts - Women healthcare workers are at the frontline of the response to this pandemic globally.  Ensuring that women health care workers have access to necessary resources to enable them to carry out their vital work safely and effectively was critical.  At the same time there was a need to continue other vital healthcare services, including maternal health and childcare.

Women's safety – There was a recognition that levels of violence against women and girls in the region remain unacceptably high.  The current pandemic has exacerbated these problems. Mobilising bystanders to prevent and respond to violence was discussed and it was agreed that governments and communities must act to ensure that women and girls are protected from violence, particularly in these challenging times.

Economic impacts and recovery – In the Pacific region, women are overrepresented in sectors and jobs that are impacted significantly by economic downturn associated with the pandemic, such as retail and hospitality.  With global supply chains disrupted, women migrant workers and women-led small and medium enterprises have been heavily affected. A number of countries in the region are also dealing with the impact of Cyclone Harold.  Despite these challenges, it was acknowledged women would have a vital role to play in the economic recovery of the region.

A summary of Pacific Women's achievements through the country and regional programs is released annually through a Progress Report. Examples of regional activities include:

Women and leadership

  • Building the capacity of Pacific women members of Parliament, parliamentary staff and the institutions in which they work to better address gender inequalities (Pacific Women's Parliamentary Partnership program (PWPP) – Department of the House of Representatives, Parliament of Australia).
  • Supporting research into the success factors and pathways for women in political leadership (State, Society and Governance in Melanesia, Australian National University).
  • Providing leadership training for women leaders and coalition members so they can more effectively represent Pacific women' interests (Pacific Leadership Program).

Women's economic empowerment

  • Improving infrastructure and management of produce markets in Fiji, Vanuatu, and Solomon Islands so that women have a safer place to work and to support women's equal participation in local economies (Markets for Change (M4C) – UN Women).
  • Programs to reduce barriers to women's economic empowerment, e.g. through simplifying the process to register companies, providing access to information on how to manage income and assets, and boosting technical skills through business leadership and corporate governance training (Private Sector Development Initiative (PSDI) – Asian Development Bank).

Ending violence against women

Enhancing women's agency through a supportive enabling environment

  • Supporting Pacific Island governments to integrate gender equality and women's empowerment into policies, legislation and programs and strengthen the collection and analysis of data to better track outcomes (Progressing Gender Equality in the Pacific – Pacific Community (SPC)).
  • Supporting the expansion of access to sexual and reproductive health services in the Pacific (Partnership for Health and Rights: Working for Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights for all in the Pacific - International Planned Parenthood Federation - IPPF).
  • Working with churches in the Pacific through ecumenical-based approaches to gender equality, to reduce violence against women and girls and increase women's leadership (Partnering Women for Change – Uniting World).
  • Undertaking a mapping and gap analysis to assess gender-responsive evidence-based research in the Pacific (University of the South Pacific, Fiji Women's Rights Movement, UN Women, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Pacific Community, DFAT and the University of Auckland).

Achievements include:

  • In 2020, Pacific Women supported crisis service providers such as Bel isi PNG, Chuuk Women's Council, Women United Together Marshall Islands (WUTMI) and the Fiji Women's Crisis Centre adapt their approaches to ensure help is available when needed, especially when physical distancing measures, e.g. support the creation of infographics promoting the helplines of crisis services and encouraging survivors to make contact via Facebook Messenger. Chuuck Women's Council also introduced a second phone helpline during this period and WUTMI launched its 24-hour.
  • In response to COVID-19 Pacific Women has supported a number of public health campaigns including Wan Smol Bag produce a series of awareness videos about the virus.
  • From 2014-19, Markets for Change (M4C) has provided support and training to over 2000 women market vendors on financial literacy and business practices and over 950 women on improved agricultural productivity.
  • M4C works with 17 Market Vendor Associations (MVAs) across three countries which support over 7,500 members of which 70 per cent are women. Of the 17 MVAs that M4C works with: 13 have over 50 per cent of their leadership positions held by women and 9 of these MVAs are headed by a woman.
  • In 2016 through PSDI's Women Business Leadership Program, 44 women from 27 organisations received skills, knowledge, mentoring and networking opportunities to advance their careers. Two informal networks of professional women have been created, and over 12 male advocates have been recruited to advocate for the economic empowerment of women.
  • The UN Women Pacific Regional Ending Violence Against Women (EVAW) Facility Fund has worked in Fiji, PNG, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga and Vanuatu. Grantees reached approximately 161,576 people, including women and girls who are survivors of violence, faith-based communities, policy makers, men and boys. Two innovative toolkits were released, including a toolkit on designing EVAW projects, and one specific to EVAW with women and girls with disabilities.
  • RRRT supported implementation planning, training and awareness raising for FSM, Nauru and RMi in 2019. RRRT provided technical assistance to 56 government and service providers, including on matters such as treaty reporting and implementation and providing multiple forms of assistance to enable state capacity building.
  • Sixty parliamentarians from 21 parliaments from the region, including eight male parliamentarians, participated in the fourth annual PWPP forum in Samoa in April 2016. The forum explored issues affecting women's economic empowerment in the Pacific. Many parliamentarians stated that attending the Forum was inspiring and empowering, and that it boosted their confidence to represent their communities in their parliamentary work.
  • The Pacific Leadership Program (PLP) provided leadership training for 55 women leaders and advocates from government, inter-governmental agencies, private sector and civil society. Participants have been equipped with skills to progress challenging reforms within their organisations, sectors and communities.
  • Research on women's leadership and political decision making has delivered a more nuanced analysis of women's political participation in the Pacific than that which existed previously. It has generated relevant knowledge which will help inform policy engagement and programming choices.

Related documents*

Name of document Year published Type

Delivery Strategy: Pacific Women Shaping Pacific Development 2012–2022

2012

Strategy

Pacific Women Shaping Pacific Development Initiative Advisory Board–First Meeting 10 April 2013–Report

2013

Report

Pacific Women Shaping Pacific Development–Design document

2014

Design document

Pacific Women Shaping Pacific Development Initiative–Advisory Board Terms of Reference (Revised August 2014)

2014

Terms of reference

Pacific Women Shaping Pacific Development Advisory Board - Second Meeting 12 August 2014 - Report

2014

Report

Inception Small Islands States (Federated States of Micronesia, Niue, Tuvalu and Palau) Plan

2014

Plan and design

Pacific Women Shaping Pacific Development Advisory Board - Third Meeting 4 November 2015 - Report

2015

Report

Pacific Women Shaping Pacific Development First Progress Report 2012-2015

2015

Report

Pacific Women Shaping Pacific Development–Advisory Board Members

2016

Implementation

Pacific Women Shaping Pacific Development Advisory Board - Fourth Meeting 4 April 2016 - Report

2016

Report

Pacific Women Shaping Pacific Development–Fact sheet

2016

Fact sheet

Pacific Women Shaping Pacific Development: Fiji country plan 2013/14 - 2016/17

2016

Country plan

Pacific Women Shaping Pacific Development Progress Report 2015-2016

2016

Report

Pacific Women Shaping Pacific Development Advisory Board - Fifth Meeting 10 November 2016 - Report

2016

Report

Progressing Gender Equality in the Pacific (PGEP) Project: mid-term evaluation and management response

2017

Report and management response

Pacific Women Shaping Pacific Development–Roadmap, May 2017

2017

Roadmap

The Last Taboo: research on menstrual hygiene management in the Pacific

2017

Reports

Pacific Women Shaping Pacific Development: 3 year evaluation report and management response

2017

Report and management response

Mid-Term Evaluation of the Pacific Women Parliamentary Partnerships Project

2017

Report and management response

Evaluation of the Pacific Women Shaping Pacific Development Support Unit

2017

Report and management response

Markets for Change independent mid-term review 2018

2018

Report and management response

Cook Islands Country Plan Summary

2019

Plan and design

Federated States of Micronesia Country Plan Summary

2019

Plan and design

Fiji Country Plan Summary

2019

Plan and design

Kiribati Country Plan Summary

2019

Plan and design

Marshall Islands Country Plan Summary

2019

Plan and design

Nauru Country Plan Summary

2019

Plan and design

Niue Country Plan Summary

2019

Plan and design

Palau Country Plan Summary

2019

Plan and design

Papua New Guinea Country Plan Summary

2019

Plan and design

Regional Activities Summary

2019

Plan and design

Samoa Country Plan Summary

2019

Plan and design

Solomon Islands Country Plan Summary

2019

Plan and design

Tonga Country Plan Summary

2019

Plan and design

Tuvalu Country Plan Summary

2019

Plan and design

Vanuatu Country Plan Summary

2019

Plan and design

Pacific Women Shaping Pacific Development Summary

2019

Summary

Thematic Brief – Gender and COVID-19

2020

Fact Sheet

Pacific Women Shaping Pacific Development: Six year evaluation report and management response

2020 Report and management response

Related links

Pacific Women Shaping Pacific Development

* The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) is committed to high standards of transparency and accountability in the management of the Australian aid program through publishing information on our website, including policies, plans, results, evaluations and research. Our practice is to publish documents after the partner government and any other partners directly involved in the delivery of the initiative have been consulted. Not all material published on this site is created by the Australian aid program and therefore not all documents reflect our views. In limited circumstances some information may be withheld for reasons including privacy and commercial sensitivity.

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