MAFTA Outcomes at a Glance
The Malaysia-Australia Free Trade Agreement benefits Australian exporters, importers and consumers by opening markets and freeing trade and investment between our two countries. The Agreement builds on the commitments made by both countries in Australia's regional Free Trade Agreement with ASEAN and New Zealand (AANZFTA).
For Australian Goods Exporters
Under the Agreement, Malaysia and Australia have cut tariffs earlier and on a wider range of goods than negotiated under AANZFTA. The Agreement also addresses other barriers to trade and makes administration for traders simpler.
97.6 per cent of Australian goods currently exported to Malaysia became eligible for tariff-free treatment on entry into force of the Agreement, rising to 99 per cent in 2017*. Australia eliminated all remaining tariffs on goods from Malaysia on entry into force of the Agreement.
Australian industries benefiting from the Agreement include:
milk – a liberalised licensing arrangement for liquid milk exporters,
allowing access for higher value retail products;
- automotives – elimination of all tariffs on large cars and virtually all tariffs on automotive parts imported into Malaysia from day one. All tariffs on small cars will be eliminated by 2016. From day one, Malaysia exempted Australian cars from its global limit on imports;
- processed foods; plastics; chemicals and a range of manufactured products –elimination of virtually all tariffs;
wine – a guarantee for Australian exporters of the best tariff treatment
Malaysia gives any country;
iron and steel – tariffs on 96.4 per cent of iron and steel imported from
Australia eliminated by 2016. This will rise to 99.9 per cent by 2017
and 100 per cent by 2020*; and
rice – open access arrangements from 2023. All tariffs eliminated by
For Australian Service Suppliers
Australian investors are guaranteed the right to majority ownership in companies in a wide range of sectors supplying services in Malaysia, including:
education services - 70 per cent ownership in higher education
services, increasing to 100 per cent in 2015; 70 per cent ownership in a
range of other education services;
financial services - 70 per cent ownership in investment banking and
direct insurance services;
telecommunications - at least 70 per cent ownership in all
telecommunications services; and
professional services - 100 per cent ownership in accounting,
auditing and bookkeeping services; 100 per cent ownership in
management consultant services (excluding financial management consulting); 51 per cent ownership in taxation services.
Suppliers in other industries such as tourism, research and development and mining-related services are also guaranteed the right to majority ownership.
Helping Australian Businesses
The Agreement allows for:
- business-friendly rules of origin provisions. Australian exporters do not need to supply a certificate of origin, but rather a simpler declaration of origin;
- more Australian business executives and senior managers can work in Malaysia and stay for longer periods;
- easier access to visas for spouses and dependants of Australians
working in Malaysia;
- the establishment of a framework for mutual recognition of
qualifications and licensing for professionals;
- stronger protection of Australian trademarks and copyright; and
- the facilitation of electronic commerce through measures to increase
efficiency, and to protect online consumers.
* Based on goods imported by Malaysia from Australia in 2009–2011.
Tariff commitments apply to goods that meet the Agreement's rules of origin.
16 January 2013.