Skip to main content


Australian Nuclear Security Profile

1. International Legal Framework
Instrument Status Date
Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material
+ 2005 Amendment
+ Information pursuant to Article 14.1
International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism Ratified 16/03/2012
UNSCR 1540 (S/AC.44/2004/(02)/53)
UNSCR 1540 (S/AC.44/2004/(02)/53/Add.1)
UNSCR 1540 (S/AC.44/2004/(02)/53/Add.2)
UNSCR 1540 (S/AC.44/2018/6)
UNSCR 1540 Matrix
Date of Report
First Addendum
Second Addendum
Date of Report
Matrix submitted
2. Nuclear Security related Initiatives, Partnerships and Groups
Initiative, Partnership or Group Status Year Joined
Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism (GICNT) Founding Member 2006
Global Partnership Participant 2004
Proliferation Security Initiative Participant 2003
INTERPOL Member 1948
3. Domestic Nuclear Security
Nuclear Regulatory Authorities Web-site

Australian Safeguards and Non-Proliferation Office (ASNO)
(Nuclear material and nuclear facility security)

Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA)
(Radioactive sources security, nuclear installation safety and security, and emergency preparedness and response for the Commonwealth)
Key Legislation (available on
Nuclear Non-Proliferation (Safeguards) Act 1987
Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Act 1998
Weapons of Mass Destruction Act 1995
Customs Act 1901
Customs (Prohibited Imports) Regulations 1956 & Customs (Prohibited Exports) Regulations 1958
Nuclear Security Requirements
IAEA Nuclear Security Series Australia has committed to IAEA INFCIRC/869 in which States subscribe to the fundamental principles and meeting the intent of the recommendations
Design Basis Threat Year of revisions: 2017, 2012, 2002, 1990.
4. Radioactive Sources
Item Status
Support for Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources Australian support confirmed through political commitment pursuant to GC(47)/RES/7
Supplementary Guidance on the Import and Export of Radioactive Sources Australian support confirmed through political commitment pursuant to GC(48)/RES/10
Supplementary Guidance on the Management of Disused Radioactive Sources Australian support confirmed through political commitment pursuant to GC(61)/RES/8.25
National Source Network Jurisdiction-based network of source inventories: Category 1 and 2
5. Peer Review
Type Years
International Physical Protection Advisory Service (IPPAS) November 2013, November 2017
US Bilateral Security Visits pursuant to Australia-US Nuclear Cooperation Agreement 1976, 1987, 1991, 1997, 2003, 2005, 2013, 2018
Integrated Regulatory Review Service (IRRS) 2007, 2011, 2018
6. Nuclear Forensics and Detection
Type Status Years
GICNT Nuclear Forensics Working Group Chair
2010 – 2017
2010 - present
GICNT Response and Mitigation Working Group Participant 2011 – present
GICNT Nuclear Detection Working Group Participant 2010 – present
Nuclear Forensics International Technical Working Group (ITWG) Participant 2003 – present
7. Major Support and Involvement with the IAEA
Activity Detail Year(s)
Nuclear Security Guidance Committee (NSGC) Member
2012 – present
2018 – present
Emergency Preparedness and Response Standards Committee (EPReSC) Member 2015 - present
IAEA Coordinated Research Project on the Identification of High Confidence Nuclear Forensic Signatures for the Development of Nuclear Forensics Libraries Project agreement 2012 – 2016
IAEA Radioactive Source Security Working Group Member 2012 – 2017
Incident and Trafficking Database Member 1995 – present
Analytical Laboratories for the Measurement of Environmental RadioActivity (ALMERA) Member
Regional Coordinator
1995 – present
2020 – present
Nuclear Security Fund Contributor 2002, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2013, 2014, 2019
International Physical Protection Advisory Service (IPPAS) Missions Team members 2002 – present
8. Contributions to Outreach and Capacity Building
Activity/Event Date
IAEA Regional Training Course on Computer Security Incident Response for Nuclear Facilities, Sydney March 2020
International Training Course on the Security of Radioactive Material in Transport, Beijing, China. September 2019
IAEA Regional training course of nuclear forensics, Sydney February 2019
GICNT workshop "Panda Warrior", Beijing, China October 2018
Expert Mission to Finalize Transport Security Regulations
For the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
August 2018
Regional Workshop to Promote the Universalisation of the Amendment to the CPPNM May 2018
GICNT workshop "Destiny Elephant", Bangkok, Thailand March 2018
IAEA Regional training course of nuclear forensics, Sydney October 2017
GICNT 'Presenting nuclear forensics findings in court' workshop, Germany June 2017
IAEA Regional Training Course on Safeguards and Nuclear Security for Small Quantities Protocol Countries Dec 2016
EPREV Mission, Jakarta October 2016
APEX GOLD: Ministerial Level Scenario-based Policy Discussion, San Francisco February 2016
ANSTO-BATAN Knowledge exchange on nuclear forensics November 2016
GICNT Nuclear Forensics Working Group Experts Meeting, Italy November 2016
GICNT 10th Anniversary Meeting, the Netherlands June 2016
GICNT "Kangaroo Harbour" workshop and exercise, Sydney
GICNT Implementation and Assessment Group meeting
May 2016
Sponsored the Nuclear Security Summit Gift Basket Joint Statement on Forensics in Nuclear Security March 2016
9. Voluntary Commitments referenced in IAEA Information Circulars
IAEA INFCIRC Joint Statement Title INFCIRC Date
INFCIRC/869 Strengthening of Nuclear Security Implementation 02/10/14
INFCIRC/899 Nuclear Security Contact Group 02/11/16
INFCIRC/904 Supporting Nuclear and Radiological Terrorism Preparedness and Response Capabilities 14/12/16
INFCIRC/905 National Nuclear Detection Architectures 14/12/16
INFCIRC/908 Mitigating Insider Threats 09/01/17
INFCIRC/909 Transport Security of Nuclear Materials 10/01/17
INFCIRC/910 Strengthening the Security of High Activity Sealed Sources 30/12/16
INFCIRC/912 Minimising and Eliminating the use of Highly Enriched Uranium in Civilian Applications 16/02/17
INFCIRC/917 Forensics in Nuclear Security (Australia is sponsor) 20/04/17
INFCIRC/918 Countering Nuclear Smuggling 19/04/17
Back to top