Skip to main content

National statements

Iran Sanctions Committee 90-day Report

Thematic issues

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Iran
  • Sanctions
  • Yemen

UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL

Report given by HE Ambassador Gary Quinlan, on behalf of the 1737 Sanctions Committee

90-day report pursuant to paragraph 18 (h) of resolution 1737 (2006)

Madam President,

  1. I have the honour to present the report of the Committee established pursuant
    to resolution 1737 (2006), in accordance with paragraph 18 (h) of the same
    resolution. The present report covers the period from 13 December 2013 to
    19 March 2014, during which time the Committee held two informal meetings,
    one informal informal meeting, and conducted additional work using the no-objection
    procedure envisioned by paragraph 15 of the guidelines for the conduct of
    its work.
  2. The Committee presented its Annual Report to the President of the Security
    Council on 27 December 2013. The Annual Report provides a useful snapshot
    of the range of activities pursued by the Committee in accordance with its
    mandate in 2013. I would particularly like to highlight the Committee's communications
    with Member States and international organisations on matters of implementation
    and compliance. Providing guidance to Member States who request assistance
    with their implementation of the relevant provisions of the key resolutions
    is a critical dimension of the Committee's program of work; and I encourage
    Member States to take us up on our offer.
  3. Another aspect of our work highlighted by the Annual Report is the reports
    from Member States of action they have taken to enforce the sanctions measures.
    Some of these cases related to violations of national implementation measures
    investigated by local enforcement authorities. For others, the Member State
    concerned invited the Panel of Experts to investigate the incident, in particular
    those that appeared to be a breach by Iran of its obligations under the resolutions.
    I cannot overstate the importance to the Committee's work of these incident
    reports, and the willingness of Member States to invite the Panel of Experts
    to participate in the investigation of such incidents.
  4. The Committee twice reached out to Iran last year in relation to incidents
    investigated by the Panel of Experts: we wrote on 12 April 2013 in relation
    to the Panel's unanimous conclusion that Iran's launches of the Shahab 1 and
    3 missiles during the Great Prophet 7 exercises contravened paragraph 9 of
    resolution 1929 (2010); and on 21 May 2013 in relation to the Panel's conclusion
    that an intercepted arms shipment in Yemen was at the very least a probable
    violation by Iran of paragraph 5 of resolution 1747 (2007). Iran has still
    not replied, and the Committee continues to call on Iran to do so.

Madam President,

  1. Although the Committee remains mindful of ongoing talks between the P5+1
    and Iran following the Joint Plan of Action agreed in Geneva on 24 November
    2013, the work of both the Committee and the Panel of Experts remain unchanged
    for 2014. As I mentioned during my last report in December 2013, the Security
    Council measures imposed by resolutions 1737, 1747, 1803, and 1929 remain
    in effect; and Member States continue to have an obligation to implement them
    duly.
  2. The Committee adopted its Programme of Work for the period 1 January to
    30 June 2014 on 24 January and has already been actively engaged with Member
    States.
  3. The Committee received multiple communications from several Member States
    updating the Committee on the outcome of enforcement actions they had taken.
    One Member State reported on the steps it had taken to prevent multiple attempts
    in 2011 and 2012 by Iran to procure carbon fibre suspected of being in violation
    of relevant Security Council resolutions. Another Member State informed the
    Committee of the confirmation of the judgment against a person found guilty
    of violating its laws implementing the Council's sanctions on Iran.
  4. The Committee continued to consider its response to the Report by the Panel
    of Experts which had concluded that Iran's attempted procurement of carbon
    fibre in December 2012 (the goods were intercepted and seized by a Member
    State) contravened the resolutions.
  5. The Permanent Representative of a Member State named in media reports as
    having contracted to procure arms from Iran in contravention of paragraph
    5 of resolution 1747 called on me in my capacity as Chair of the Committee
    to deny the reports. The Permanent Mission also sent a note verbale to the
    Committee in similar terms. The Panel of Experts is separately engaging with
    the Member State on the reports.
  6. During the reporting period, the Committee has responded to requests for
    guidance from Member States covering a range of issues: from notification
    requirements, and engagement with the originating State of seized items; to
    the supply of target shooting ammunition to Iran for sport shooting purposes;
    to updated lists of designated individuals, entities and goods to which the
    sanctions apply. The Committee is also working with an international organisation
    on clarifying whether a particular proposal for technical assistance to Iran
    is compatible with the sanctions regime.
  7. The Committee has also engaged with a number of Member States over the past
    three months on the implementation of the targeted financial sanctions regime.
    The Committee provided additional identifying information of a listed individual
    from publicly available sources, including photographs, to assist a Member
    State clarify a possible match. The Committee similarly responded to another
    State's request for assistance in determining whether particular entities
    were included in the Committee's Consolidated List.
  8. And the Committee itself received assistance from a Member State, which
    transmitted to the Committee a list of persons who had traveled through the
    country with names similar to those of listed individuals; and provided additional
    identifying information for these possible matches that was missing from the
    Committee's consolidated list, such as birth dates and passport numbers. This
    data will allow the Committee to determine whether any of the individuals
    were indeed listed individuals travelling in contravention of the travel ban;
    and, in that case, to strengthen the effectiveness of both the travel ban
    and targeted financial sanctions by including the new identifying data to
    the consolidated list.

Madam President

  1. As we are approaching the end of the Panel of Experts' current mandate and
    the submission of its next final report in May, I thought it would be timely
    to inform the Council of the outcome of the Committee's deliberations on the
    Panel's recommendations to the Committee from its report of May 2013.
  2. The Panel's first recommendation was to designate an entity the Panel found
    to be in violation of paragraph 12 of resolution 1929 (2010) for procuring
    valves for use in the Arak Heavy Water reactor. The Committee stands ready
    to consider such a designation if and when a Member State puts the designation
    to the Committee, as required by the Committee's Guidelines.
  3. Second, the Panel recommended that the Committee encourage States to be
    alert to attempted procurement of any items destined for an end use prohibited
    by the resolutions. This is a reference to the fact that the obligation to
    prevent the supply to Iran of all items which could contribute to Iran's prohibited
    nuclear and missile-related activities applies not only to items included
    in the lists named in the resolutions and updated by the Committee, but to
    any further items if the Member State determines that they could contribute
    to those prohibited activities.
  4. The Committee continues to discuss if some form of written guidance for
    Member States on this obligation is necessary. In the meantime, we encourage
    any Member State with questions concerning the scope of this obligation to
    contact the Committee.
  5. The Panel's third recommendation related to vessels under the control of
    the Irano Hind Shipping Company (IHSC), which is a designated entity under
    sanctions. The IHSC was dissolved by its joint venture partners in the first
    part of 2013, preventing the Committee from taking up this recommendation.
  6. Fourth, the Panel recommended that the Committee consider providing guidance
    to States on how to implement aspects of the targeted financial sanctions
    which extend the application of the measure to agents and affiliates of designated
    persons and entities. Noting the language identified in this recommendation
    is used in targeted financial sanctions under other Council resolutions, the
    Committee has been reluctant to consider this question unilaterally. We have,
    however, begun a process of consultation with other relevant sanctions committees
    to consider this issue collectively.
  7. The Panel's fifth recommendation was for the Committee to provide guidance
    on the modalities surrounding a State's inspection of cargoes and possible
    seizing of goods suspected to be in contravention of the resolutions, including
    such matters as timing and content of reports to the Committee and inviting
    inspection by the Panel. The Committee is developing text to include in the
    Committee's Fact Sheet and other relevant Committee documents.
  8. Finally, the Panel recommended that the Committee address discrepancies
    in the list where designated individuals no longer hold the positions identified
    in those designations. The Committee is indeed taking this forward, as part
    of the comprehensive review of the Committee's List mentioned in part 1 (e)
    of the Committee's Programme of Work.

Madam President,

  1. I'd like to turn now to conditional exceptions to the ban on supplying
    nuclear-related items to Iran, notably in relation to items for light-water
    reactors, which the Council considers to be less proliferation-sensitive than
    heavy-water reactors. The Committee must be notified of supplies to Iran of
    items falling under this exception, and during the reporting period, the Committee
    received one such notification by a Member State concerning the delivery of
    items for reactor unit 1 of the Bushehr nuclear power plant.
  2. With regard to the obligation of Member States to freeze assets on their
    territory that are owned or controlled by a person or entity listed by the
    Council or the Committee and to prevent any assets being made available to
    such persons or entities, the Committee received one notification from a Member
    State pursuant to paragraph 15 of resolution 1737 (2006) and paragraph 4 of
    resolution 1747 (2007), which allows for payments owed by a listed person
    or entity under a contract entered into prior to the listing to be made from
    that person or entity's frozen funds, subject to notification to the Committee.

Thank you.

ANNEX

During the reporting period, at the invitation of the countries concerned, the Panel of Experts conducted visits to Singapore (12 December 2013), the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (16 to 17 December 2013), Switzerland (19 December 2013), Albania (19 to 20 December 2013), Republic of Korea (22 to 23 January 2014), Spain (29 to 30 January 2014), United Arab Emirates, (10 to 14 February 2014), France (17 February 2014), United Kingdom (4 to 6 March 2014), Greece (10 to 11 March), Italy (13 March), and Bosnia and Herzegovina (17 to 18 March) to discuss the measures taken by these countries to implement resolutions 1737 (2006), 1747 (2007), 1803 (2008) and 1929 (2010).

The Panel of Experts and its individual members also participated in a number of relevant international meetings, conferences and seminars including Institut de Relations Internationales et Strategiques Seminar, Conference on the Financing of Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, Financial Action Task Force Plenary and Working Group Meetings, Asian Export Control Seminar, speaking at King's College and Workshop on Non-Proliferation and Export Compliance in the Composites.

Last Updated: 5 June 2015
Back to top