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Uganda has a diverse range of ethnic groups, each with their own language and culture. Uganda gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1962. English and Swahili are the official languages. The current President, Yoweri Museveni, is serving his sixth term in office.

Agriculture employs over 80 per cent of the Ugandan work force, with coffee accounting for the bulk of export revenues. The government has been engaged in regional integration efforts through the East African Community. Uganda hosts over 1.2 million refugees from neighbouring countries – the largest number in Africa.

The Australian-Uganda trade relationship is modest, with two-way trade reaching $65.6 million in 2021. The main Australian export is wheat, and the main imports are coffee and spices.

Australia's diplomatic representation to Uganda is from the High Commission in Nairobi, Kenya and an Honorary Consulate in Kampala, Uganda. Uganda is represented in Australia by a High Commission based in Canberra.

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