The Republic of Sudan gained its independence from the United Kingdom on 1 January 1956. A protracted rebellion led to the establishment of South Sudan as an independent country in 2011. Since April 2019, Sudan has been governed by a joint civilian-military government in a power-sharing agreement, but the military seized power in October 2021 and the UN is attempting to mediate ahead of the next election.
Sudan is recovering from a series of civil wars which have had severe impacts on the population and the economy. The country hosts over 800,000 South Sudanese refugees as well as refugees from other regional countries.
Sudan is one of the three top gold producers in Africa and is seeking to expand and diversify its economy by developing its mining and agricultural sectors.
Australia's diplomatic representation to Sudan is from the Australian embassy in Cairo, Egypt. Sudan established an embassy in Canberra in 2017. In September 2018, Australia and Sudan held inaugural Senior Officials Talks in Canberra.
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Heads of Government
Embassies and consulates
The Australian Embassy in Egypt is responsible for Sudan.