Development assistance in the Philippines
Overview of Australia's aid program to the Philippines
- 2020-21 bilateral allocation [budget estimate]
- $63.4 million
- 2020-21 total Australian ODA [budget estimate]
- $80.0 million
- 2019-20 total Australian ODA [budget estimate]
- $79.7 million
Total Australian Official Development Assistance (ODA) to the Philippines will be an estimated $79.7 million in 2019-20. Our economic partnership with the Philippines will focus on all elements of our trade, investment and aid initiatives working together to promote growth.
The Philippines is one of Australia's longest-standing bilateral relationships that is supported by strong people-to-people links. Australia's interests in the Philippines will be pursued by assisting the Philippine Government to develop a well-managed and stable government and a more prosperous, inclusive and open economy. A more open economy will not only benefit Filipinos, but also allow both nations to continue to pursue a mature economic partnership.
Australia delivers targeted advice and technical assistance that aims to have a catalytic effect on reform efforts and capacity development of the Philippine Government. The strategic direction of Australian aid to the Philippines is informed by the Australian Government's development policy Australian aid: promoting prosperity, reducing poverty, enhancing stability, 2017 Foreign Policy White Paper, and Australia's national interests; by our ability to add value; and our previous development results. Australia's aid program aligns with the priorities of the Philippine Government, which is seeking to put the country on the path of accelerated and inclusive development.
The Philippines program is designed to meet the key objectives of inclusive economic growth, effective governance, and peace and stability. This reflects a transition from a traditional donor-recipient partnership to an economic partnership with the Philippines, with an emphasis on investments that are targeted, catalytic, leverage the Philippine Government's own resources and are based on the Philippines' own commitments in the Filipino Development Plan.
Our aid program is organised around the following three mutually reinforcing objectives as outlined in the Aid Investment Plan the Philippines: 2015-2016 to 2017-2018.
Objective 1: Enhancing the foundations for economic growth
Australia will make greater investment in building the foundations for economic growth through carefully targeted investments in economic reform, infrastructure, and education. Education investments will lay the groundwork for a better educated workforce and promote higher participation in the formal labour market.
Objective 2: Building stronger institutions for transparent and accountable governance
Improving the quality of governance in the Philippines is fundamental to the country's prosperity and stability. In response to the challenge of weak institutions and corruption, we will support the national government as it fosters a culture of accountability and transparency.
Objective 3: Improving conditions for peace and stability
Australia's national interest in regional political stability promotes programs in Mindanao that support a more credible and widely supported peace agreement, strengthened institutional capacity to implement the agreement, and minimising the drivers of conflict. Our programs will also have a positive impact in the medium term on poverty and growth at the local level. Australia's investments in peace and stability are targeted, flexible and build on previous experience.
The women, peace and security agenda is a priority for Australia in Mindanao. Our program provides support to address issues affecting women and men during and after conflict. This includes helping women to participate in the peace process, ensuring their needs for protection are met and incorporating gender perspectives in program delivery.
Below are some highlights of our results under the Australia's aid program to the Philippines. More information on our past year results can be found in the Philippines Aid Program Performance Reports for 2014-15, 2015-16, 2016-17 and 2017-18.
Philippines Social Protection initiative
Over nine years, the Philippines Social Protection initiative has supported the Philippine Government's social protection reform agenda. Australian support helped to conceptualise, design and implement flagship social protection programs including the Philippines Conditional Cash Transfer Program the National Household Targeting System for Poverty Reduction the Sustainable Livelihood Program and the National Community Driven Development Program, which are all designed specifically to target the poor and vulnerable in the Philippines. Our achievements under the initiative include:
- The Sustainable Livelihood Program (SLP) of the Philippines helped 1.3 million families between 2011 and 2016 to find employment or start an enterprise. Australia helped implement SLP through supporting a business process review of the program, and developing policies, tool kits and manuals to improve the program's monitoring and evaluation, organisational structure, and livelihood development activities.
- Australia provided $12 million to help build 601 classrooms, kindergartens and preschools, and supported the development of guidelines on bottom-up budgeting to help the poor have a greater voice in the allocation of public funds. Our assistance contributed to the empowerment of 4.9 million households in the Philippines by improving their access to basic social services, and helping them to participate in the identification, planning, budgeting and implementation of community-based projects.
Basic Education Assistance for Muslim Mindanao Program
Over eight years, the Basic Education Assistance for Muslim Mindanao Program, which ended in June 2017, contributed to the improvement of education quality in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. The program has:
- contributed to 5.71 mean percentage increase on assessment test scores for Grade 3 students in the core subjects of math, science, reading and grammar in English and Filipino
- trained more than 12,000 teachers in teacher skills and capacity development
- installed almost 2,000 school handwashing units to improve health and hygiene in the program supported schools
- contributed to the enrolment of about 54,000 children in the alternative delivery model learning centres in locations with limited or no access to regular schools
- supported over 50 madrasahs to implement a regular national secular curriculum and achieve management standards allowing them to access sustainable government funding
- provided various school facilities and resources including constructed and rehabilitated 230 classrooms and refurbished and stocked 300 libraries.