Skip to main content

Development assistance in Indonesia

Flag of Indonesia

Infographic: How The Water Hibah Works

Infographic: How The Water Hibah Works

Infographic. See alternative text below.
View larger image [PNG 335 KB]. Download print version [PDF 1.3 MB].

Text version


  • 33 percent of people living in urban areas in Indonesia have access to piped water.
  • 3.8 billion people of 57 per cent of the world's population have access to a piped water connection in their home.
  • Indonesia's national universal target is to provide 100% people with water access by 2019. How do we get there?
  • The local government is responsible for providing access to water for the community.
  • It does this by investing directly in the local water utility to add connections. This does not always lead to the desired result.

The Water Hibah Innovation

  • The hibah approach involves an agreement between the central and local government for local government to invest in the utility
  • The local government receives a grant (hibah) only after the utility delivers the required outputs (typically household water connections)

Impact of Water Hibah Program

  • Effective
  • Efficient
  • Improved access to water supply
  • Good governance
  • Sustained use of safe water

The Water Hibah Program under the Australia-Indonesia Partnership has implemented water connections to 400,000 low-income households which is one fifth of all connections made by water utilities since 2008. The program has been so successful that the Government of Indonesia has made the hibah approach a standard government policy.

Last Updated: 20 February 2018
Back to top