A country of western Africa, Guinea-Bissau has had a turbulent past, including being a centre for Portuguese slave trading and several unstable political systems and coups have impeded its development. Guinea-Bissau has a low GDP per capita, and it ranks as 175 of 189 on the Human Development Index (2020), with two thirds of the population living below the poverty line.
As a small tropical country, whose highest point is only 300 meters, Guinea-Bissau is heavily reliant on food and fuel imports. Guinea-Bissau's main exports are cashews, ground nuts and fish. The inland is full of savannahs, while the coastline has abundant swamps of Guinean mangroves. Guinea-Bissau also has around 25 small islands off its coast.
Portuguese is the country's official language, although only a minority of the 1.6 million population speak it. The capital city is Bissau.
The Australian Embassy in Lisbon, Portugal represents Australia in Guinea-Bissau.
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