Federated States of Micronesia
Federated States of Micronesia country brief
The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) — made up of the four states of Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae — has a population of approximately 113,815 people and shares maritime borders with the Republic of the Marshall Islands, Palau, Guam and Papua New Guinea. The capital, Palikir, is located on the island of Pohnpei.
FSM is an independent country in a Compact of Free Association with the United States (US). FSM has an American-style constitution that came into effect in 1979 and provides for a government composed of an executive branch, a legislative branch and a judicial branch.
The National Congress is unicameral and consists of 14 members. Four senators, each known as "senators-at-large" (one from each state) serve four-year terms. The remaining 10 members represent single member districts based on population, and serve two-year terms. Both the President and the Vice-President are elected by the Congress from among its four-year members and serve a four-year term. The senator-at-large seats vacated by the President and Vice-President are filled by a representative from their state. An appointed cabinet supports the President and Vice President. Each of the four states has its own constitution, an elected governor and a lieutenant governor.
The President of FSM, H.E. Mr David W. Panuelo, is both Head of State and Head of Government. Mr Yosiwo P. George is Vice President. President Paneulo assumed office in May 2019 and Vice President George in May 2015.
Compact of Free Association with the United States
FSM is an independent nation in a Compact of Free Association (Compact) with the US. The Compact provides for FSM's defence, financial assistance and access to US domestic services and labour market, in exchange for the US having exclusive rights to establish and operate military bases in FSM.
While the compact terms are indefinite, the financial provisions have a set term. The original Compact provided US$1.3 billion in financial assistance from 1986 to 2001. An amended compact, which entered into force in June 2004, provides the equivalent of US$2 billion over the subsequent 20 years. That amount includes contributions to a trust fund.
Australia established diplomatic relations with FSM in July 1987 and the Australian Embassy in Pohnpei was opened in November 1989. Australia enjoys a close and friendly relationship with FSM.
The Pacific Maritime Security Program and its predecessor, the Pacific Patrol Boat Program, have been important features of the bilateral security relationship since 1990. In 2022, Australia is scheduled to hand over two new Guardian Class Patrol Boats to the FSM Government.
Australia's bilateral aid program in FSM has traditionally focused on basic education and protecting and empowering women and girls, as well as providing disaster response assistance.
Australia Awards delivered are an important component of the Australian Government's overseas aid program. Australia Awards Pacific Scholarships provide opportunities for students in FSM to study at selected education institutions in the Pacific region.
More information on Australia Awards.
The Australian Volunteers program promotes economic growth and poverty reduction in the Indo-Pacific region by assisting host organisations to deliver effective and sustainable development outcomes. The Australian Volunteers Program provides opportunities for skilled Australians to contribute to the Australian Government's development cooperation program.
See the Australian Volunteers website for further information.
Direct Aid Program (DAP)
The Direct Aid Program (DAP) is a small grants program funded from Australia's aid budget. It has the flexibility to work with local communities in developing countries on projects that reduce poverty and achieve sustainable development consistent with Australia's national interest.
Visit the Australian Embassy in FSM website for further information on the DAP.
FSM's economy is dominated by government services and external grants, with relatively limited private sector activity. FSM's small, remote and dispersed population, narrow range of natural resources, and vulnerability to external shocks present challenges to growth. The fisheries sector is regarded as having the greatest development potential. With an EEZ of 2.7 million square kilometres, FSM has access to major equatorial tuna migratory paths and the fishing industry has been boosted by the introduction of the Vessel Day Scheme under the Parties to the Nauru Agreement. Fishery licensing fees account for nearly half of domestic budget revenue.
The tourism industry is another area of potential for FSM, particularly diving and eco‑tourism. Some 21,000 tourists visit the islands each year. Tourism development is, however, constrained by limited airline links, limited infrastructure, including roads, power and water, and by the country's geographical isolation. Border restrictions enforced as a result of COVID-19 have negatively affect FSM’s tourist industry.
Trade and investment
Australian merchandise trade with FSM in 2019-20 totalled $6 million in exports (principally prepared or preserved meat; sugar, molasses and honey; and animal feed) and $6.1 million in imports (principally other services and tourism).
High level visits
December 2019: Ambassador for Women and Girls, Dr Sharman Stone visited FSM to engage in high level meetings to discuss issues relating to gender equality and gender-based violence.
July 2019: Former Assistant Defence Minister and Minister for International Development and the Pacific Alex Hawke represented Australia at the inauguration of the country’s new President, H.E. Mr David W. Panuelo. To mark the inauguration, Minister Hawke hosted a joint Australia-US event on HMAS Leeuwin. Minister Hawke was accompanied by former Shadow Minister for International Development and the Pacific, Pat Conroy MP.
June 2019: Former Assistant Minister for Forests and Fisheries Jonathan Duniam visited FSM for the Annual Ministerial Forum Fisheries Committee.
June 2018: Former Minister for Foreign Affairs Julie Bishop, former Minister for International Development and the Pacific Concetta Fierravanti-Wells and their portfolio counterparts Senator Penny Wong and Senator Claire Moore visited FSM.
September 2016: Former Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull and the former Minister for International Development and the Pacific, Concetta Fierravanti-Wells, visited Pohnpei, to attend the 47th Pacific Islands Forum.