Egypt is one of the world's oldest continuous nation-states, with a written history dating back several millennia. Contemporary Egypt owes its origins to a 1952 military coup, which overthrew Egypt's last monarch and led to the establishment of a republic the following year.
Egypt's economy has large tourism, agricultural and services sectors; derives substantial revenues from the Suez Canal; receives considerable remittances from overseas workers; and generates additional income from the sale of hydrocarbons.
Australia and Egypt have warm relations based on longstanding ties and strong people-to-people links. There are approximately 100,000 Australians of Egyptian descent, and nearly 40,000 people living in Australia were born in Egypt. In 2021, Australia exported approximately $700 million worth of goods and services to Egypt.
Australia has up to 27 Defence Force personnel deployed to the Multinational Force and Observers (MFO) in the Sinai, under Operation Mazurka. The Australian contingent has contributed to the continued success of MFO in overseeing the peace treaty between Egypt and Israel.
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