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390 Embassy in Washington to Department of External Affairs

Cablegram 472 WASHINGTON, 27 May 1949, 6.14 p.m.




Allison, Deputy Director, Office of F[ar] Eastern Affairs, asked
us informally today whether Australia still held to the view that
preliminary talks on a Peace Treaty should not be held exclusively
by C.F.M. [1] We referred him to Mr. Dedman's latest statement.

[2] Allison said that State Department was anxious to respect the
views of Australia in this matter. State Department was still
trying to make up its mind what its attitude should be if
Vishinsky persisted in requesting a meeting of C.F.M., with China,
to discuss Japanese Peace Treaty. There were many different ideas
circulating in State Department but the more popular and the one
which he personally thought had most merit was as fol1ows. Since
it might be a mistake merely to 'choke the U.S.S.R. off' when they
were showing a great desire to discuss Japan, the United States
should agree to a meeting and then insist that the first item on
the Agenda be the question of the other interested Nations

Allison intimated, however, that while United States still had an
open mind about the advantages to be gained from a Peace Treaty
with Japan they would approach a Peace Conference with extreme
caution because they were worried about the power vacuum which
would exist if a Peace Treaty should mean a total withdrawal by
United States from Japan.

1 i.e. Council of Foreign Ministers.

2 Following a suggestion by the Soviet representative at a meeting
of the Council of Foreign Ministers on 23 May 1949 that the
Japanese peace treaty be placed on the agenda, Dedman bad stated
that Australia would insist on participating in die peace talks
from the beginning.

[AA:A1838/278, 483/2, V]
Last Updated: 11 September 2013
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