225 Smyth to McIntyre
CHINESE RELATIONS WITH AUSTRALIA
You asked me a few weeks ago to write an appreciation on this
subject and the attached tentative ideas are submitted for your
2. The chief conclusions are as follows:-
i) Although our economic interest in China is small at present,
China's strategical and political importance can hardly be over-
ii) It is therefore desirable for us to have as good a
representation there as possible. It could be strengthened by:-
a) building up a cadre of language specialists
b) appointing a military attache and possibly an assistant
c) retaining the Consulate-General at Shanghai, and future
consideration to be given to establishing consulates elsewhere in
iii) We should concentrate on building up the countries of South
East Asia and strengthening our ties with them. We should maintain
our links with India but at the same time should remain on as good
terms with China as we can. Good relations can be assisted by
a) raising the post to an Embassy.
b) concluding the Treaty of Amity.
c) modifying, or at least applying with more tact, the White
d) continue our supplies to China under the UNRRA  programme.
e) ensuring that we receive good publicity.
iv) The greatest danger to our interests would be a Sino-Soviet
rapprochement, whether caused by a communist victory in the civil
war, or a policy switch by the Government. The best hope for a
democratic China, in view of the ultimate totalitarian tendencies
of the Communists, and the ineffectualness of the 'Third Parties'
and the exiled War-Lords, probably lies in the liberal elements
inside the Kuomintang, whom we should encourage as much as
possible. Desiderata include a speedy and effective Japanese
Settlement: and an end to the Civil War, possibly by giving the
Communists autonomy in certain areas.
[AA: A1838/283, 3107/38, ii]