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174 Australian Delegation, Economic & Social Council, to Australian Government

Cablegram ESC7 GENEVA, 3 August 1948, 11.25 a.m.


Following is summary of address of Dr Evatt to Economic and Social
Council on 30/7 on E.C.A.F.E. Full text by air. Begins:

Dr Evatt stressed important role of ECOSOC contemplated in Article
65 of charter. Outlined Australian ties with Far East and paid
tribute to work of regional bodies. Report of ECAFE should meet
with general approval but work was still in planning stage. Main
work for which commission was established-raising of standards of
human welfare still to be tackled. It was impossible to exaggerate
immensity of this task. It was important that next session of
Commission should have before it a real programme of work
expressed not just in generalities to which nations could assent
without commitment but with figures representing actual estimates
and needs of specified goods. Main work of preparing these figures
will fan on undeveloped centres of Asia but at next meeting a
greater share of work will fall on the more industrialised centres
who will have responsibility of examining figures and indicating
to what extent and under what conditions they can fulfil the
needs. Australian Government was already examining its own
position. Necessary for Commission to indicate priorities. Dr
Evatt then discussed agricultural production, welcomed close link
with FAO [1] and said that other specialised agencies such as
International Bank should be associated to a greater extent with
task of development. Outlined Australian contribution of food to
Asia. In planning economic reconstruction of Asia major gap caused
by uncertainty as to future of Japan. Australia wished to see
Japan maintain industries enabling her in due course to take place
in Far Eastern region as peaceful and democratic contributor
towards raising human standards. But equally Australia placed
greatest emphasis on ensuring security.

aggression could not be ignored and Japan's nearest neighbours
have most cause to fear resurgence of Japanese aggression. Those
further afield sometimes appeared to us to give insufficient
weight to this end. Quoted Australian attitude on FEC on levels of
Japanese industry to show that Australia did not desire to limit
Japanese peaceful productive capacity. Paid tribute to occupation
authorities in Japan and heavy financial burden borne by USA
during the occupation. British Commonwealth had also borne its
responsibilities by providing occupation troops. Reparations from
Japan had remained unsettled. Volume and usefulness of reparations
should not be exaggerated but properly used could contribute to
restoration of Asia. USA and Australia had shown way by
voluntarily offering to forego part of their just claims so that
reparations could be given to countries whose needs were greater.

Peace settlement urgently needed in which all participants in war
had full voice. Concluded with reference to historical changes now
taking place in Far East.

[AA:A1838/2, 856/20, iii]

1 Food and Agriculture Oganization.

2 A symbol here indicates' group mutilated'.

[...] [2] controls must be maintained. Japan's past record of
Last Updated: 11 September 2013
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