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Historical documents

276 Australian Delegation, United Nations, to Department of External Affairs

Cablegram UN901 NEW YORK, 4 December 1946, 10.36 p.m.


Assembly 331.

When the sub-committee on Veto commenced work to-day the advantage
we had gained at the previous meeting [1] was lost when Wellington
Koo (China) introduced a revised proposal of his own [2] and
pleaded for its acceptance on grounds of conciliation. Text which
is contained in our Assembly 332 is unacceptable to us but was
immediately seized upon by Vyshinsky who withdrew the Soviet
proposal and accepted Chinese proposal subject to deletion of the
word 'permanent' before members in the second paragraph and
deletion of reference to special voting rights in the same
paragraph. Vyshinsky made a great show of conciliation and began
to attract waverers including France with prospect of unanimity.

2. Australia immediately made it clear that the revised Chinese
proposal was unacceptable and asked for return of our resolution
from Committee One along with other resolutions.

3. United Kingdom formally moved for return of all proposals to
committee for voting and we believe they will stand firm but we
are less confident regarding United States which may be persuaded
to accept Chinese text or something like it. We are working hard
to maintain support but composition of sub-committee, which was
handicapped by Manuilsky, and weakness of Danish Chairman renders
our task difficult. We intend to press for the return of our
resolution to Committee One for voting although running the risk
of losing some of our support, particularly as the Chinese text is

1 The delegation had reported that, while the sub-committee
meeting of 3 December had not made progress, Australia had
maintained its position 'and held good support from the United
Kingdom and United States on the operative parts' of its draft

2 The Chinese draft resolution called on the permanent members of
the Security Council 'to ensure that the exercise of the special
voting right of its permanent members will facilitate the Security
Council in reaching decisions promptly', and expressed the hope
that the Council would 'take into account the experience of its
work during the preceding period with a view to securing the most
favourable conditions to the adoption of decision'.

[AA:A1838/2, 852/10/5, i]
Last Updated: 11 September 2013
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