121 Evatt to Beasley (in Philadelphia)
Cablegram 582  CANBERRA, 29 April 1944
For Mr. Beasley from Dr. Evatt.
I.L.O. Report 10. 
The following are my comments on the United States draft-
1. The undertaking does not include a governmental pledge to
maintain full employment which should be made at the earliest
possible moment as an earnest of the agreed peace objective of
freedom from want. There is too much stress on individual rights
and freedoms as distinct from governmental responsibilities and
2. Full employment is ranked equally with child welfare etc.,
which although important, will cause the employment responsibility
to be obscured under the concept of general social welfare.
3. The full employment undertaking should be treated separately
both in the specific I.L.O. resolution and in a subsequent
government treaty. It is too important to be associated with other
topics however significant. The I.L.O. is primarily concerned with
labour and employment conditions.
4. The employment undertaking should be in a form acceptable to
Russia and on that count also may have to be separated from
questions of employer-employee relations.
5. If the I.L.O. fails to act satisfactorily the Australian
Government will have to take independent initiative on the matter
as a vital preliminary to all post-war economic collaborations. In
this connection you may be able to get support for the suggestion
of a special full employment conference in Australia or New
6. The employment agreement requires continuous machinery to
supervise its carrying out. A body should have power to call
conferences at short notice as soon as unemployment in any country
became significant. There should also be a permanent Governing
Body in connection with the agreement. It is here that the I.L.O.
could do its greatest work in post-war years. But apparently
capitalist controlled Governments and others prefer it to sink
back into inferior status.