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290 Cranborne to Curtin Circular cablegram D723

LONDON, 1 October 1943, 11.30 a.m.


Received 3 October 1943

You will have seen from my telegram D.710 [1] that the United
States Government have included in their draft agenda for Moscow
Conference 'suggestion that United States, Great Britain, Soviet
Union and China enter into Four Nations Arrangement providing for
consultation and cooperation in carrying out aims of proposed Four
Nations Declaration'.

The main subject for discussion under this item will presumably be
the proposed Four Power Declaration itself, see my telegram D.

705. [2] It Seems possible, however, that the United States
representative will also raise question of the Post-War World
Organisation, on lines which President Roosevelt recently put to
the Prime Minister at Washington. The President informed the Prime
Minister that he contemplated three forms of collaboration-
(a) Four major powers (United States, United Kingdom, U.S.S.R. and
China) who should be prepared to guarantee by force maintenance of
peace and order and enforcement of armistice conditions.

(b) An Executive Council embracing the four powers and other
members of United Nations making eleven in all.

(c) A general assembly of all United Nations in which presumably
neutrals might find their place. This would be able to pass
resolutions, but should not have Executive powers.

Scheme proposed would be related only to interim armistice period,
during which permanent structures could be shaped and built, and
would in no way prejudice decisions as to subsequent world order.

2. The Prime Minister understood that United States proposals
would be formulated on paper for our consideration but we have not
yet received any such plan. The United States views asking [sic]
detailed composition of suggested Executive Council are therefore
not known, but it is understood that United States idea is that
members might be elected by regional or other groups, and that
provision would be made for one representative of members of
British Commonwealth other than United Kingdom.

3. We should welcome your views on this conception. Although it is
only in preliminary outline, our first reaction is that we should
be well advised to welcome in principle and, subject to detailed
elaboration, support any scheme proposed by United States
Government, which, while giving due scope for representation of
British Commonwealth interests, promises United States
participation in post-war maintenance of peace and is likely to be
acceptable to U.S.S.R. [3]

1 Cablegrams D709-10 of 28 September (on file AA:A989, 43-
44/970/53) set out the U.K. and U.S. Govts' draft agenda for the
Moscow Conference.

2 Document 287. The Four Power Declaration was signed at Moscow on
29 October by Eden, Hull, V. M. Molotov (Soviet Foreign Minister)
and Foo Ping-sheung (Chinese Ambassador to the Soviet Union). For
detailed reports by Cranborne and Officer on the progress of the
Moscow Conference see files AA:A989, 43/735/1016/1 and AA:A989,

3 Cranborne advised later on 1 October that it now seemed
improbable that U.S. representatives would raise this proposal at
the Moscow Conference and he suggested that Dominion Coves should
suspend action on cablegram D723. See cablegram D729 on the file
cited in note 1.

[AA:A989, 43-44/970/53]
Last Updated: 11 September 2013
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