Report on Globalisation, Poverty and Inequality
Joint media release from the Australian Departments of Foreign Affairs and
Trade and the Treasury
The Departments of the Treasury and Foreign Affairs and Trade today announced
the release of a report Globalisation and Poverty ï¿½ Turning the Corner,
prepared by the Australian Centre for International Economics in advance of
APEC meetings in Shanghai next week.
The report details unprecedented income growth and poverty reduction in developing
countries which have managed to open to the world economy in the second half
of the 20th century. It underlines the serious challenges
faced by countries that have not joined the global economy.
Evidence presented in the report shows international income inequality has
fallen over the past 30 years (twice as much in APEC countries as in the world
as a whole) when countries' population sizes and the purchasing power of local
incomes are considered.
The report suggests that developing countries that have recently opened to
the world economy achieved tremendous gains. Developing countries that
have not joined this process of economic integration have suffered tragically.
Good policy choices and national measures to mitigate inequality, supported
by well-targeted development assistance and global action to reduce trade
barriers, are shown in the report to be the keys to accelerating progress.
The report underscores the importance to the poor of global action to reduce
trade and investment barriers. Rich OECD countries spent US$300 billion
each year on farm support ï¿½ more than six times the total amount given to
developing countries as aid.
Media inquiries: Terry O'Brien (Treasury) on 02 6263 3756
/ Lyndall Sachs (DFAT) on 02 6261 1555