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Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)

Perth Principles

Declaration of the Indian Ocean Rim
Association on the principles for peaceful, productive and sustainable
use of the Indian Ocean and its resources

Perth, Australia

1 November 2013

WE, the Foreign Ministers of the Member States
of the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), Australia, Bangladesh,
Comoros, India, Indonesia, Iran, Kenya, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mauritius,
Mozambique, Oman, Seychelles, Singapore, South Africa, Sri Lanka,
Tanzania, Thailand, United Arab Emirates and Yemen, on the occasion of
the thirteenth Council of Ministers' Meeting (COMM)

  • REITERATING that IORA is the apex pan-regional organisation for the Indian Ocean.
  • RECALLING the six priority areas of
    cooperation agreed at the eleventh COMM in Bengaluru, namely: Maritime
    Safety and Security; Trade and Investment Facilitation; Fisheries
    Management; Disaster Risk Management; Academic and Science and
    Technology Cooperation; and Tourism and Cultural Exchanges.
  • RECALLING ALSO our desire to promote the
    sustainable growth and balanced development of the Indian Ocean region
    and IORA Member States, and to create common ground for regional
    economic cooperation.
  • COMMITTED to promoting cooperation and
    collaboration between IORA and other Indian Ocean regional stakeholders
    including Dialogue Partner States and other regional and international
    forums.
  • REAFFIRMING our commitment to the Charter of
    the United Nations, to the Charter of IORA, and to the applicable
    principles of international law.
  • REAFFIRMING ALSO our commitment to 'The
    Future We Want', as adopted at the 2012 United Nation as Conference on
    Sustainable Development, and to the protection, restoration, health,
    productivity and resilience of the Indian Ocean and its resources.
  • RECOGNISING that the United Nations
    Convention on the Law of the Sea provides the legal framework for the
    conservation and sustainable use of the oceans and their resources and
    plays a vital role in maintaining peaceful cooperation and stability
    across the Indian Ocean.

HEREBY DECLARE AS FOLLOWS:

That the Member States of IORA are guided by the following
principles for productive and sustainable use of the Indian Ocean and
its resources:

  • Recognition of the importance of the Indian Ocean's biodiversity, including its marine life and ecosystems.
  • Commitment to the conservation and sustainable use of the
    Indian Ocean and its resources in accordance with international law,
    including fisheries stocks, water and seabed resources and other marine
    life; and commitment to deliver on the economic, social and
    environmental dimensions of sustainable development.
  • Recognition of the important contribution of the conservation
    and sustainable use of the Indian Ocean and its resources to poverty
    eradication, sustained economic growth, food security and creation of
    sustainable livelihoods and decent work.
  • Recognition of the importance of building the capacity of
    countries to conserve, sustainably manage and realise the benefits of
    sustainable fisheries.
  • Commitment to intensify efforts, individually and
    collectively, to take the measures necessary to maintain or restore all
    fish stocks to levels that can produce the maximum sustainable yield.
  • Commitment to understand and address the main threats to the
    Indian Ocean and its resources, including illegal, unreported and
    unregulated fishing, unsustainable fishing practices, loss of critical
    coastal ecosystems and the adverse impacts of pollution, ocean
    acidification, marine debris, and invasive species on the marine
    environment.
  • Recognition of the importance of building the capacity of
    countries to understand, forecast and address marine, ocean and climate
    science issues in the Indian Ocean.

ADOPTED by the Foreign Ministers of the Member States of the Indian Ocean Rim Association on 1 November 2013 in Perth, Australia.

Last Updated: 18 November 2015
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