MIKTA – Mexico, Indonesia, the Republic of Korea, Turkey, Australia
MIKTA Foreign Ministers’ Joint Statement on Climate Change
26 September 2015, New York
1. We, the Foreign Ministers of Mexico, Indonesia, the Republic of Korea, Turkey and Australia (MIKTA), on the occasion of the Sixth MIKTA Foreign Ministers' Meeting, affirm our will to make the best efforts to work towards a successful outcome from the Conference of Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to be held in Paris in December 2015, recognizing that the Paris Conference will be a critical moment in the endeavors by the international community to address global climate change in the context of sustainable development.
2. We believe that the new outcome with legal force under the Convention needs to be applicable to all and that it should set a durable platform for countries, in partnership with business and others, to build action over the longer term. We commit to cooperating with other countries to deliver a new global agreement that aims to reduce emissions, and build resilience to climate impacts.
3. We support the shared vision of the international community, as documented in the Cancun Agreements, to hold the increase in global average temperature below 2â above pre-industrial levels. We acknowledge that a new climate change regime, the outcome of the Paris Conference, should encourage every country to continuously contribute towards achieving this vision, reflecting the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, in light of different national circumstances.
4. We view that the adverse effects of climate change are already in progress, and that mitigation and adaptation should be addressed in equal importance. We believe that the international community, including the private sector, should support the implementation of adaptation actions of countries vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change, taking into account their specific needs.
5. We agree that means of implementation in support of climate actions, including climate finance, capacity building, and technology cooperation and transfer, are an essential element for a global climate agreement in Paris. We also emphasize the importance of adequate, predictable, and sustainable support for implementation of climate action. In this context, we support the mobilization of USD 100 billion per year by 2020 for climate finance. We further support the Green Climate Fund as a major new climate finance channel, and look forward to the approval of its first set of projects in November. We emphasise the importance of fostering enabling environments to mobilize and effectively use climate finance coming from a wide variety of sources.
6. We believe that the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) are a crucial element in reaching a successful global climate agreement in Paris and lay the foundation to bring about a global partnership for tackling climate change in the years ahead. MIKTA countries are committed to submitting their INDCs, contributing towards the objective of the Convention.
7. We believe that climate change can prove to be an "opportunity" and a "driver" for creativity and innovation. As the international community increases mitigation and adaptation efforts, it will transit to a climate-resilient development pathway. Efforts to achieve such gradual transformation should commence as soon as possible in the context of countries' sustainable development.
8. We encourage all Parties to the Kyoto Protocol, while working together to finalize the second commitment period rules, to implement the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol to ensure the continuation of global cooperation in addressing the adverse impact of climate change.
9. We, the Foreign Ministers of Mexico, Indonesia, the Republic of Korea, Turkey and Australia, commit to exploring ways that MIKTA can undertake collective efforts to address climate change, drawing on our diverse individual capabilities, expertise and networks and our strength in playing a bridging role between advanced countries and developing countries.