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Development assistance in Vietnam

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Pillar 3 — Economic recovery in Vietnam

To support economic recovery, Australia will provide targeted policy advice to Vietnam’s economic leaders to help reform the policy and business environment and accelerate public and private investment. We will work with Vietnamese partners to lift the quality of public and human capital in order to buttress Vietnam’s long-term growth. This includes developing skills, especially through vocational education and training, for the workforce of the future.

Australia will strengthen vocational education and training and university governance standards, and quality assure higher education qualifications, including online delivery. We will deepen bilateral innovation system partnerships, preparing us to access future growth industries and manage tomorrow’s shocks. We will help Vietnam’s transport planners more rapidly access high-quality infrastructure finance to support recovery.

Australia will support Vietnam’s trade and customs officials to reopen supply chains disrupted by the pandemic and implement trade commitments. Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment will support the biological security of trade in plant and animal products with Vietnam.

Promoting women’s economic empowerment

Australia is increasing women’s economic empowerment by encouraging greater female participation in the labour market and global value chains. This includes supporting Vietnamese farmers, logistics providers and tourism operators to revive and improve their livelihoods, especially businesses led by women and people from minority groups.

Women, especially those from rural and ethnic minority areas in Vietnam, are much more likely than men to be excluded from economic opportunities, and to derive livelihoods from lower value, less skilled and less secure work. Women from ethnic minority groups are less likely to secure waged employment and Vietnamese women overall have less access than men to land, credit and technical training. Many ethnic minority women also have poor financial literacy and less influence over decisions within the home and the community.

Vietnam's National Strategy on Gender Equality 2011-2020 commits to narrowing the gender gap in the economy, to ensure women can get quality jobs, and increasing the number of female entrepreneurs. It also aspires to increase the access of poor rural and ethnic minority women to economic resources and the labour market. Empowering women to participate actively in the economy is critical to reducing poverty and building a sustainable economy. Australia is working to support women's economic empowerment, including for those most excluded.

The Australia in Vietnam Gender Equality Strategy 2016-2020 is guiding Australia's whole-of-government approach in Vietnam. The Strategy focuses on three key areas to progressively close the gender gap in Vietnam: Enhancing women's voices in decision-making and leadership, promoting women's economic empowerment, and ending violence against women and girls.

Australia will focus its support through the aid program on Vietnam's northern mountainous areas, which have a higher incidence of extreme poverty. Consistent with our economic partnership, we will complement the efforts of the Government of Vietnam by identifying, trialling and scaling-up new approaches to closing gender gaps in economic livelihoods in these areas, including by working with the private sector. We will also support programs and policies that better empower women.

Promoting women's economic empowerment, including ethnic minorities fact sheet

Aus4Reform

$9.4 million, 2017-2021

Aus4Reform is helping to relieve key constraints to growth of the private sector (domestic and international), increase Vietnam's competitiveness, and promote regional and global trade. It will help strengthen the evidence-base to support economic reform in line with Vietnam's emerging commitments under regional and international economic cooperation agreements. The program engages international and domestic experts on key policy issues and works with a range of stakeholders to build support for reform. The program also draws on contemporary Australian reform experience and supports institutional links with Australian economic agencies including the Productivity Commission and the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission.

Aus4Reform works with four key agencies in Vietnam: the Central Institute for Economic Management, the Vietnam Competition and Consumer Authority, the Institute for Policy and Strategy in Agriculture and Rural Development, and the Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry. Emerging priorities can be addressed through a flexible funding mechanism, which can be accessed by a range of additional organisations including the Communist Party Economic Reform Commission and the Economic Committee of the National Assembly.

Related documents*

Name of document Year published Type
Grant Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of Vietnam for the Aus4Reform Program 2017 Agreement
Aus4Reform Design Document 2017 Design
Aus4Reform fact sheet 2017 Fact sheet

Australia-World Bank Strategic Partnership in Vietnam Phase Two

$30 million, 2017-2022

The Australia-World Bank Strategic Partnership Phase Two builds on a successful first phase partnership to further progress Vietnam's priority economic reforms. The partnership targets six key areas: trade and competitiveness, transport, Mekong Delta climate resilience, gender, ethnic minorities and implementation of the Vietnam 2035 Report. Our support is helping strengthen institutions, fostering inter-ministerial coordination and cooperation, and building the capacity of the private sector.

Related documents*

Name of document Year published Type
Administration Arrangement for the Australia – World Bank Group Strategic Partnership in Vietnam, Phase 2 2017 Agreement
Australia-World Bank Strategic Partnership (ABP) in Vietnam Phase 2 fact sheet 2017 Fact sheet
Australia-World Bank Strategic Partnership in Vietnam Phase 2 Mid-Term review report and Management response 2019 Mid-Term review report and management response

Aus4Transport

$30 million, 2018-2022

Through the Aus4Transport program, Australia is supporting Vietnam to develop the transport sector by providing early stage project preparation. Australia is prioritising multilateral development bank-financed projects to demonstrate the value of high quality project preparation in accelerating approval processes and reducing long-term maintenance costs. This project will develop national priority transport infrastructure projects to the point where they are ready to begin construction. Lessons from the preparation of these projects will inform policy reforms for the Ministry of Transport that will improve project preparation and help deliver value for money. Aus4Transport is managed by AECOM.

Related documents*

Name of document Year published Type

Vietnam Aus4Transport Investment Design

2017 Design
Vietnam Aus4Transport fact sheet 2017 Fact sheet

Aus4Innovation

$10 million, 2017-2022

Aus4Innovation is supporting the Government of Vietnam to prepare for emerging challenges and technological transformation by building a stronger national innovation system. Key elements of the program include digital foresighting and mega trends analysis, a science commercialisation initiative, a competitive grants mechanism and a policy exchange program. CSIRO is the implementing partner. The program was launched on 11 January 2019.

Related documents*

Name of document Year published Type
Vietnam Aus4Innovation fact sheet 2018 Fact sheet

Aus4Skills

$38 million, 2016-2021

Aus4Skills (formerly Vietnam-Australia Human Resources Development Partnership) is supporting Vietnam to access and use high-level professional and technical knowledge, skills and competencies to contribute to the country's sustainable economic and social development. The program is building enduring links with Australia. The program components include Australia Awards Scholarships in Vietnam, the Australian Alumni program in Vietnam, promoting industry linkages with vocational education and training, improving the quality of universities in the Northern Mountainous Region, advancing women in leadership and the Vietnam Australia Centre.

Support is delivered using a range of skills development tools: Australia Awards Scholarships, Australia Awards short courses and other informal learning opportunities such as workshops, study tours and technical assistance. Aus4Skills seeks to empower and provide opportunities for women, people with disabilities, people from remote areas and ethnic minorities. Aus4Skills also enables implementation of the Australian Alumni in Vietnam Strategy 2016-21. Aus4Skills is managed by Coffey.

DFAT is in the process of extending Aus4Skills to 2025, in recognition of the programs results and relevance to Vietnam’s ongoing development.

Related documents*

Name of document Year published Type
Vietnam Aus4Skills: Mid Term Review and management response 2019 Mid Term Review and management response

Aus4Equality

Aus4Equality is an umbrella initiative that includes the following investments:

  • Women's Economic Empowerment through Agricultural Value Chain Enhancement (WEAVE)
  • Gender-Responsive Equitable Agriculture and Tourism (GREAT)
  • The Vietnam component of the multi-country Investing in Women
  • Support to the Second National Study on Violence against Women and Girls
  • Building Responsibility and Accountability for gender-based Violence Elimination (BRAVE)
  • Empower
  • Her Turn.

Aus4Equality fact sheet

Women's Economic Empowerment through Agricultural Value Chain Enhancement (WEAVE)

$3.49 million, 2016 - 2020

The project supports ethnic minority women's economic empowerment in pork, cinnamon and banana value chains. This is achieved by promoting equality between women and men within households and producer groups, strengthening female and male producers' skills and bargaining power, and working with businesses and government decision-makers to improve the policy environment to support producers. WEAVE is implemented by a consortium of three international non-governmental organisations: CARE International, Oxfam and SNV.

Related documents*

Name of document Year published Type
Women's Economic Empowerment through Agriculture Value Chain Enhancement- Design Document [PDF 2.67 MB] 2016 Design
WEAVE fact sheet 2017 Fact sheet
WEAVE project: Midterm review report 2018 Midterm review report
WEAVE project: Midterm review report - management response 2018 Management response report

Gender-Responsive Equitable Agriculture and Tourism (GREAT)

$33.7 million, 2017-2021

GREAT is empowering women in Lao Cai and Son La provinces to better engage in agriculture and tourism markets, enhance women's voices in decision-making, promote partnerships with the private sector, and support more inclusive government policies and services. The project has three objectives:

  • Empowering local women: Women living in local communities have increased capacity, space and choices to beneficially engage with agriculture and tourism businesses.
  • Inclusive businesses partnerships: Selected private sector actors within the agriculture and tourism sectors profitably and sustainably engage with more women as producers, suppliers, traders and entrepreneurs, and operate in gender sensitive ways.
  • Improving sector governance and policy: Government agencies reinforce policies and enact plans, regulations and services that enable more inclusive socio-economic development.

GREAT is managed by CowaterSogema.

Related documents*

Name of document Year published Type
Gender-Responsive Equitable Agriculture and Tourism (GREAT) Investment Design Document 2016 Design

Related links

Investing in Women

$12 million, 2017-2023

Investing in Women is working in Vietnam to promote increased employment opportunities for women in the formal sector, and the expansion of women-led small to medium enterprises. The initiative also seeks to promote women's leadership and decision-making in workplaces and businesses. The Vietnam component of this multi-country investment started in 2017 (total investment value is $102 million). A second phase of Investing in Women commenced in July 2019.

Related documents*

Name of document Year published Type
Investment Design – South East Asia Investing in Women Initiative 2015 Design
Investing in Women fact sheet 2017 Fact sheet
Investing in Women Phase 2 Investment Design Document 2018 Design

Related links

Her Turn

$0.33 million, 2018-2021

Australia is working with KOTO (Know One, Teach One) to support a three-year vocational training and entrepreneurial skills development program for disadvantaged rural and ethnic minority women.

Support to the Second National Study on Violence against Women and Girls

$0.94 million, 2017-2021

Australia is collaborating with the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) to support the Government of Vietnam to carry out Vietnam's Second National Study on Violence against Women and Girls (VAWG). The study will:

  • Estimate the prevalence, frequencies and forms of gender-based violence in Vietnam
  • Provide estimates of economic costs of VAWG at the household, regional and national levels
  • Assess the extent to which VAWG is associated with health and socio-economic outcomes
  • Identify factors that may either protect or put women and girls at risk of gender-based violence
  • Document and compare strategies and services women and girls use to deal with gender-based violence, perceptions of VAWG, and the extent to which women and girls understand their legal rights
  • Identify any changes in the VAWG situation in Vietnam since the first survey was completed by the General Statistics Office in 2010.

Related documents*

Name of document Year published Type
Proposal: Support the Second National Study on Violence against Women and Girls (2017-2019) 2017 Concept note

Building Responsibility and Accountability for gender-based Violence Elimination (BRAVE)

$0.6 million, 2018-2021

BRAVE aims to influence social norms around gender-based violence victim blaming, in partnership with CARE International.

Related links

* The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) is committed to high standards of transparency and accountability in the management of the Australian aid program through publishing information on our website, including policies, plans, results, evaluations and research. Our practice is to publish documents after the partner government and any other partners directly involved in the delivery of the initiative have been consulted. Not all material published on this site is created by the Australian aid program and therefore not all documents reflect our views. In limited circumstances some information may be withheld for reasons including privacy and commercial sensitivity.

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