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Development partnership in Indonesia

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Health security in Indonesia

Our shared health security depends on whether COVID-19 transmission rates can be controlled in our region.

Australia is supporting Indonesia with expert policy and technical advice to mitigate the spread of the virus; to build stronger systems for health security; to ensure quality health services continue to be delivered through the pandemic; and to build good health foundations that underpin health security. This includes water and sanitation; and nutrition, which are critical to ensuring the health and wellbeing of communities.

We are marshalling expertise through a range of partners – through Australia’s scientific agencies ACIAR and CSIRO, UN agencies with a key role in the response (e.g. WHO and UNICEF), the global health agencies GAVI and the Global Fund to fight AIDs, TB and Malaria, and expert local and international advisors.

We are using a combination of nutrition programs and nutrition-sensitive approaches across our development partnership to address President Widodo’s priority of reducing child stunting, a key determinant of good health.

Through the regional COVID-19 Vaccine Access and Health Security Initiative, Australia is providing support for Indonesia’s national vaccine rollout. This includes funding for vaccine procurement and delivery support. Further information can be found at Southeast Asia Vaccine Access | Indo-Pacific Centre for Health Security.

Australia-Indonesia Health Security Partnership

$31.5 million, 2020 – 2025

The Australia-Indonesia Health Security Partnership (AIHSP), Australia’s flagship bilateral program in the area of health security, continues a longstanding partnership with the Indonesian Government and builds on lessons from decades of collaboration, including previous partnerships between Australia and Indonesia in Emerging Infectious Disease and in Health System Strengthening.

AIHSP was announced by Prime Minister Morrison and President Widodo during President Widodo’s state visit to Australia in February 2020. It works directly with Indonesian Government counterparts at national and sub-national level and in collaboration with international health partners, such as WHO and UNICEF and Australian agencies such as CSIRO, to build stronger systems to respond to public health threats, including COVID-19.

AIHSP is a flexible program and employs a One Health approach by supporting a range of activities to strengthen both Indonesia and the region’s capacity to prevent, detect and respond to public health threats.

Through this Partnership, together with the Indo-Pacific Centre for Health Security, we are committed to supporting Indonesia’s COVID-19 health response and recovery. AIHSP is also supporting Indonesia’s health security in the long term by enhancing national surveillance and information management systems, laboratory capabilities and cross-sectoral collaboration.

The Partnership is also working to assist the Ministry of Health as part of the delivery support component under our regional Vaccine Access and Health Security Initiative. AIHSP is providing expert assistance on issues such as, strengthening the ‘Track and Trace’ system; supporting public communications; strengthening surveillance and health information systems at the community level; as well as support for genomic sequencing, drawing on existing Australian expertise under AIHSP, to complement the activities provided by the WHO.

Related documents

Name of document Year published Type
AIHSP Design Concept 2019 Concept
AIHSP Design Document 2019 Design

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Provision of Emergency Support Packages and COVID-19 Vaccines for Indonesia

$12 million – 2021-22

The Australia Government is providing a package of immediate health support for Indonesia’s response, as announced by the Foreign Minister in July 2021.

The package includes $12 million for oxygen-related and other medical equipment, including 1000 ventilators, up to 700 oxygen concentrators, more than 170 oxygen cylinders and a range of consumables and other medical supplies.

The package also includes:

  • over 40,000 rapid-antigen test kits, and
  • 2.5 million AstraZeneca vaccine doses in 2021

Related links

Minister for Foreign Affairs: Statement on Indonesia

$2 million – June 2020

The Australian Government provided 100 non-invasive ventilators to Indonesia as part of a $2 million package of critical medical supplies and laboratory equipment to support Indonesia’s immediate COVID-19 response. This equipment is helping front-line medical staff provide life-saving assistance and support laboratory staff with essential supplies in the fight against COVID-19.

Related links

Australia Provides Critical Medical Equipment to Indonesia to Support the COVID-19 Response

Support to the World Health Organization (WHO)

$6.2 million June 2020 – 30 June 2022

The Australian Government recognises the important role the World Health Organization (WHO) plays in coordinating the global response to the COVID-19 pandemic. In Indonesia, WHO is providing expert advice and technical support to the Indonesian Government, through the Ministry of Health, to support its national response and recovery efforts.

Australia’s funding towards the COVID-19 response is directed towards activities that strengthen information systems and surveillance; infection prevention and control; laboratory capacity building; and the health system more broadly to allow continuation of essential health services.

$1.5 million, June 2021-30 June 2023

Australia is providing funding to WHO as part of the delivery support component under our regional Vaccine Access and Health Security Initiative to support priority activities agreed by Indonesia under the ‘WHO Indonesia COVID-19 vaccination support plan’. We have earmarked Australian assistance towards: a surge of human resources and quality technical assistance at the subnational level; support for the vaccine surveillance system; development of guidance on the prioritisation and targeting of vulnerable groups; and, support for increased genomic sequencing capacity and training.

Related links

Vaccine Access and Health Security Initiative | Indo-Pacific Centre for Health Security

$2.5 million, July 2022 – June 2024

Australia is providing funding in support of the WHO Indonesia COVID-19 Preparedness, Response and Transformation Plan 2022/23. Australia is supporting activities including related to surveillance, diagnostics and testing, infection prevention and control and maintaining essential health services.

Support to UNICEF Indonesia

$4.9 million, June 2020-30 June 2022

The Australian Government’s contribution enables implementation of UNICEF Indonesia’s COVID-19 Comprehensive Response Plan.

Australia’s contribution supports the maintenance of essential health services in communities; improves basic water, sanitation and hygiene practices; supports procurement and supply of critical goods; allows continued access to nutrition interventions for women, children and vulnerable communities; improves risk communication and community engagement; and mitigates the risks and allows continuation of services relating to preventing gender based violence and violence against children.

$3.5 million, June 2021-30 June 2023

Australia is providing funding to UNICEF as part of the delivery support component under our regional Vaccine Access and Health Security Initiative to support priority activities agreed by Indonesia under the ‘UNICEF COVID-19 Vaccine Introduction Plan to Support Indonesia’. Australian assistance is earmarked to: risk communication; registration data and monitoring using a real time monitoring system to support registration, track and identify gaps in coverage; assistance with preparedness related to supply chain support including for cold chain equipment procurement and supply side readiness; and health sector vaccination program support and technical assistance including local implementation and monitoring through UNICEF’s network of field offices and deployment of technical experts to locations not covered by the WHO.

Related links

Vaccine Access and Health Security Initiative | Indo-Pacific Centre for Health Security

$3 million, June 2021-30 June 2023

Australia increased its contribution to UNICEF to support its COVID-19 response in Indonesia targeted at improving maternal, newborn and child health services. This additional contribution leverages UNICEF’s role as the lead United Nations agency on maternal and child health in Indonesia – to undertake activities that ensure the continuation of essential maternal, child and newborn health services during the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as providing assistance to protect vulnerable children and support their mental health and wellbeing.

$2.5 million, July 2022-30 June 2024

Australia is supporting UNICEF’s COVID-19 recovery efforts in Indonesia.  In health we are helping to strengthen primary health care at the subnational level, including a focus on safe resumption of essential health services and routine child immunisation. We are also supporting safe school reopening and teacher training and strengthening child-focussed social protection systems.

Australia-Indonesia Partnership for Disaster Risk Management (SIAP SIAGA)

$30 million, 2019 – 2024

The Australia-Indonesia Partnership in Disaster Risk Management (SIAP SIAGA) aims to strengthen Indonesia's disaster risk management system to build preparedness and resilience. It also aims to strengthen cooperation between Australia and Indonesia on humanitarian issues in the Indo-Pacific region.

It focuses on improving coherence, clarity and communication within the disaster management system.

In response to the pandemic and the formulation of the Indonesian National Taskforce on COVID-19 Management, DFAT accelerated the inception phase of SIAP SIAGA and advised the Program to pivot its workplan and priorities to support this new body. Working closely with government and civil society partners, SIAP SIAGA helped contain the spread of the virus, conducted public health awareness campaigns, supplied essential goods, helped people identify business opportunities, and improved their food security. Recognising that vulnerable groups have been disproportionately affected by the pandemic, SIAP SIAGA has included a focus on the most vulnerable groups, including women and girls; people with disabilities; and those living in poverty.

SIAP SIAGA also provided advisory support to the Ministry of Home Affairs and the Ministry of Social Affairs to support their roles in the National Taskforce on COVID-19 Management. In addition SIAP SIAGA worked with the provincial governments in East Java, Bali, Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) and Nusa Tenggara Barat (NTB) to support sub-national efforts to manage the pandemic. SIAP SIAGA also partnered with Indonesian civil society organisations, such as the Indonesian Red Cross (PMI), Lembaga Penanggulangan Bencana dan Perubahan Iklim Nahdlatul Ulama (LPBI-U) and Muhammadiyah Disaster Management Centre (MDMC), to support COVID-19 community awareness, preparedness and response.

Related links

Better Investments for Stunting Alleviation (BISA)

US$2.5 million, 2019-2024

Stunting remains a priority for the Indonesian Government. The COVID-19 pandemic is likely to further exacerbate stunting and malnutrition rates in Indonesia.

The Better Investments for Stunting Alleviation (BISA) initiative relies on an innovative funding model which multiplies and leverages Australia’s investment. Under this program, the Australian Government is providing US$2.5 million to the Power of Nutrition over five years. The Power of Nutrition will mobilise an additional US$7.5 million of private sector and public sector finances, making the value of the whole initiative US$10 million over five years.

BISA is implemented jointly by Save the Children and Nutrition International. BISA aims to reduce stunting by improving the nutritional status of adolescent girls, women of reproductive age and children under the age of two across East Nusa Tenggara (43 per cent stunting) and West Java (31 per cent stunting), building on some of the lessons learned from previous nutrition programs (including Mitra Youth). BISA is expected to enable 3.3 million people, including 734,100 women, 489,343 children under two, and 1.45 million adolescent girls to access high impact nutrition services and contribute to 4,794 lives saved, 6,314 cases of stunting averted, and 161,724 cases of anemia averted.

Related documents

Name of document Year published Type
Better Investments for Stunting Alleviation (BISA) Proposal 2019 Proposal

Technical Support to the Global Fund Country Coordinating Mechanism (CCM) in Indonesia

$1 million, 2021–2023 (Grant to UNDP)

In addition to Australia’s $242 million contribution to the Global Fund (2020-2022) to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria replenishment, of which Indonesia is a beneficiary, Australia is supporting the Secretariat that manages the coordination and implementation of activities that are funded through the Global Fund Country Coordinating Mechanism (CCM). This in-country support ensures that the larger Global Fund investments in Indonesia are implemented in an efficient and effective manner. Australia’s contribution helps strengthen the Global Fund grant implementation process.

Related link:

WASH – Infrastructure Grants Municipal Sanitation (sAIIG)

$40 million, 2012-2021

The Australia Indonesia Infrastructure Grant for Municipal Sanitation (sAIIG) program is designed to stimulate Indonesian local government investment in sanitation infrastructure and to incentivise governance reforms in order to improve the delivery of sanitation services.

To date, the program has provided over 34,400 new sanitation connections and 44 waste water treatment plants in 56 local governments.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, together with relevant Government of Indonesia Ministries, we are supporting better public health messaging on good hygiene and sanitation practices as well as improving community access to reliable, safe sanitation. This underpins good community hygiene which is critical for minimising the spread of COVID19.

Infographic Summary of the Australia – Indonesia Infrastructure Grants for Sanitation (sAIIG) Phase II

Infographic showing what the project will do, the benefits, and how the project partnership works. Link to full description below.
Infographic showing what the project will do, the benefits, and how the project partnership works. Link to full description below.

View larger image [PDF 3.42 MB]

View text version of infographic

Related documents

Name of document Year published Type
sAIIG design document 2011 Design
sAIIG concept note 2011 Concept note

Water and Sanitation for Low Income Communities Project (PAMSIMAS)

$124 million, 2008-2022

PAMSIMAS is the Indonesian Government's national program for rural water supply and sanitation. The program aims to increase the number of under-served rural, peri-urban and urban slum populations accessing sustainable water supply, sanitation and basic infrastructure services. Through PAMSIMAS we work with communities to plan, finance, manage and maintain their water supply and sanitation systems and improve hygiene behaviour.

Cumulatively, our joint efforts with the Indonesian Government had enabled about 24.7 million people (exceeding the target of 22.1 million people) to access improved water facilities (such as piped water into homes and public taps), and 16.4 million people (exceeding the target of 14.9 million people) to access improved sanitation facilities (such as flush toilets or improved pit latrines). PAMSIMAS was co-financed by Australia and the World Bank until December 2022 and continues to be delivered by the Indonesian Ministry of Public Works and Housing wholly funded by the national budget.

Australia is now supporting the design of the follow-on program (called PAMSIMAS Next Gen) that will be funded by the national budget.

Related documents

Name of document Year published Type
Design Summary and Implementation Document – Water and Sanitation Initiative – Indonesia 2009 Design
Third Water Supply and Sanitation for Low income Communities Project Mid-Term Review Aid Memoir 2010 Review
PAMSIMAS Anti-Corruption Action Plan 2012 Plan
Third Water and Sanitation for Low Income Communities Project and the Water Supply and Sanitation Policy Formulation And Action Planning Facility – Independent Review 2013 Independent evaluation
Third Water and Sanitation for Low Income Communities Project and the Water Supply and Sanitation Policy Formulation and Action Planning Facility – Independent Review: Management Response 2013 Evaluation management response
Final Independent Evaluation of the Community-based Rural Water Supply and Sanitation (PAMSIMAS) Program 2022 Independent Evaluation and Management Response

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