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Development partnership in Indonesia

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Health security in Indonesia

Our shared health security depends on whether COVID-19 transmission rates can be controlled in our region.

Australia is supporting Indonesia with expert policy and technical advice to mitigate the spread of the virus; to build stronger systems for health security; to ensure quality health services continue to be delivered through the pandemic; and to build good health foundations that underpin health security. This includes water and sanitation; and nutrition, which are critical to ensuring the health and wellbeing of communities.

We are marshalling expertise through a range of partners – through Australia’s scientific agencies ACIAR and CSIRO, UN agencies with a key role in the response (e.g. WHO and UNICEF), the global health agencies GAVI and the Global Fund to fight AIDs, TB and Malaria, and expert local and international advisors.

We are using a combination of nutrition programs and nutrition-specific approaches across our development partnership to address President Widodo’s priority of reducing child stunting, a key determinant of good health.

Recognising the importance of a safe, effective and accessible vaccine for a quicker recovery from the pandemic, Australia is supporting Indonesian, regional, and global efforts.

Australia-Indonesia Health Security Partnership

$17.5 million, 2020 – 2025

The Australia-Indonesia Health Security Partnership (AIHSP) continues a longstanding partnership with the Indonesian Government in the area of health security. It builds on lessons learnt from the Australia-Indonesia Partnership for Emerging Infectious Disease (AIPEID) program, which was implemented in Indonesia between 2010 and 2019. This new Partnership takes the form of a flexible program and employs a ‘One Health’ approach, under which a range of activities will be supported to strengthen both Indonesia and the region’s capacity to prevent, detect and respond to public health threats.

AIHSP was announced by Prime Minister Morrison and President Widodo during President Widodo’s state visit to Australia in February 2020. It works directly with Indonesian Government counterparts and in collaboration with international health partners, such as the World Health Organization, to build stronger systems to respond to public health threats, including COVID-19. Through this Partnership, together with Australia’s Indo-Pacific Centre for Health Security, we are committed to supporting Indonesia’s COVID-19 health response and recovery efforts as well as enhancing national surveillance and information management system, laboratory capabilities and cross-sectoral collaboration.

For example, we are working with Australia’s Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) to support Indonesia’s national regulatory authority (BPOM) to improve the impact and safety of medical products, including through provision of COVID-19 specific training to BPOM laboratories. Among many other partnerships, the Centre is also working with the Red Cross in Australia and Indonesia to provide training for health volunteers to improve skills and knowledge to improve community engagement to assist in outbreak response.

Related documents

Name of document Year published Type
AIHSP Design Concept 2019 Concept
AIHSP Design Document 2019 Design

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Provision of Critical Medical Equipment

$2 million – June 2020

The Australian Government provided 100 non-invasive ventilators to Indonesia as part of a $2 million package of critical medical supplies and laboratory equipment to support Indonesia’s immediate COVID-19 response. This equipment is helping front-line medical staff provide life-saving assistance and support laboratory staff with essential supplies in the fight against COVID-19.

Related links

Australia Provides Critical Medical Equipment to Indonesia to Support the COVID-19 Response

Support to the World Health Organization (WHO) Indonesia to implement health activities under the WHO Indonesia Response Plan to COVID-19

$6.2 million June 2020 – 30 June 2022

The Australian Government recognises the important role the World Health Organization (WHO) plays in coordinating the global response to the COVID-19 pandemic. In Indonesia, WHO is providing expert advice and technical support to the Indonesian Government, through the Ministry of Health, to support its national response and recovery efforts.

Australia’s funding towards the COVID-19 response is directed towards activities that strengthen information systems and surveillance; infection prevention and control; laboratory capacity building; and the health system more broadly to allow continuation of essential health services.

Support to UNICEF to implement UNICEF Indonesia’s COVID-19 Response Plan

$4.9 million, June 2020-30 June 2022

The Australian Government’s contribution enables implementation of UNICEF Indonesia’s COVID-19 Comprehensive Response Plan.

Australia’s contribution supports the maintenance of essential health services in communities; improves basic water, sanitation and hygiene practices; supports procurement and supply of critical goods; allows continued access to nutrition interventions for women, children and vulnerable communities; improves risk communication and community engagement; and mitigates the risks and allows continuation of services relating to preventing gender based violence and violence against children.

Australia-Indonesia Partnership for Disaster Risk Management (SIAP SIAGA)

$25 million, 2019 – 2024

The Australia-Indonesia Partnership in Disaster Risk Management (SIAP SIAGA) aims to strengthen Indonesia's disaster risk management system to build preparedness and resilience. It also aims to strengthen cooperation between Australia and Indonesia on humanitarian issues in the Indo-Pacific region.

It focuses on improving coherence, clarity and communication within the disaster management system.

In support of the Indonesian National Disaster Management Agency’s (BNPB) role leading the National COVID-19 Management Taskforce, SIAP SIAGA is providing specialist advisers in areas including public health, policy development, communications, planning and knowledge management.

SIAP SIAGA is also providing advisory support to the Ministry of Home Affairs and the Ministry of Social Affairs to support their roles in the COVID-19 response.

  • SIAP SIAGA works with the provincial governments in Bali, Nusa Tenggara Timor and East Java to support sub-national efforts to manage this crisis.
  • SIAP SIAGA is partnering with Indonesian civil society organisations, such as the Indonesian Red Cross, Nahdlatul Ulama and Muhammadiyah, to support COVID-19 community awareness and preparedness.

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Weekly Iron Folic Acid Supplementation for Prevention and Reduction of Anaemia among School-going Adolescent Girls (MITRA Youth)

$2.1 million, 2017-2021

The Mitra Youth program builds on the success of the Micronutrient Supplementation for Reducing Mortality and Morbidity in Indonesia (MITRA) Program which was a $1.95 million program implemented between 2015-2019.

MITRA Youth supports the Government of Indonesia’s National Strategy for Accelerating Stunting Prevention by helping the local government in specific districts in East Java and East Nusa Tenggara Provinces to address iron deficiency anaemia, a major factor for poorer pregnancy outcomes. Activities are mainly school-based and aim to reach about 70-80 per cent of total enrolled 15-18 year old girls, providing weekly iron and folic acid supplementation and related nutrition counselling and education for anaemia prevention.

At the end of the MITRA Youth program an additional 289,000 girls in East Java and East Nusa Tenggara will have received weekly iron and folic acid supplementation.

During COVID-19 key activities have continued outside of school closures using innovative delivery methods and online platforms. This is supported by a Behaviour Change Intervention (BCI) strategy for adolescent girls, teachers, parents and other key influencers.

Related documents

Name of document Year published Type
Micronutrient Supplementation for Reducing Mortality and Morbidity in Indonesia (MITRA) Activity Design Document 2017 Design
Weekly Iron Folic Acid Supplementation for Prevention and Reduction of Anaemia among School-going Adolescent Girls (MITRA Youth) Activity Design Document 2017 Design

Better Investments for Stunting Alleviation (BISA)

US$2.5 million, 2019-2024

Stunting remains a priority for the Indonesian Government. The COVID-19 pandemic is likely to further exacerbate stunting and malnutrition rates in Indonesia.

The Better Investments for Stunting Alleviation (BISA) initiative relies on an innovative funding model which multiplies and leverages Australia’s investment. Under this program, the Australian Government is providing US$2.5 million to the Power of Nutrition over five years. The Power of Nutrition will mobilise an additional US$7.5 million of private sector and public sector finances, making the value of the whole initiative US$10 million over five years.

BISA is implemented jointly by Save the Children and Nutrition International. BISA aims to reduce stunting by improving the nutritional status of adolescent girls, women of reproductive age and children under the age of two across East Nusa Tenggara (43 per cent stunting) and West Java (31 per cent stunting), building on some of the lessons learned from previous nutrition programs (including Mitra Youth). BISA is expected to enable 3.3 million people, including 734,100 women, 489,343 children under two, and 1.45 million adolescent girls to access high impact nutrition services and contribute to 4,794 lives saved, 6,314 cases of stunting averted, and 161,724 cases of anemia averted.

Related documents

Name of document Year published Type
Better Investments for Stunting Alleviation (BISA) Proposal 2019 Proposal

Technical Support to the Global Fund Country Coordinating Mechanism (CCM) in Indonesia

$1 million, 2021–2023 (Grant to UNDP)

In addition to Australia’s $242 million contribution to the Global Fund (2020-2022) to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria replenishment, of which Indonesia is a beneficiary, Australia is supporting the Secretariat that manages the coordination and implementation of activities that are funded through the Global Fund Country Coordinating Mechanism (CCM). This in-country support ensures that the larger Global Fund investments in Indonesia are implemented in an efficient and effective manner. Australia’s contribution helps strengthen the Global Fund grant implementation process.

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WASH – Infrastructure Grants Municipal Sanitation (sAIIG)

$40 million, 2012-2021

The Australia Indonesia Infrastructure Grant for Municipal Sanitation (sAIIG) program is designed to stimulate Indonesian local government investment in sanitation infrastructure and to incentivise governance reforms in order to improve the delivery of sanitation services.

To date, the program has provided over 34,400 new sanitation connections and 44 waste water treatment plants in 56 local governments.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, together with relevant Government of Indonesia Ministries, we are supporting better public health messaging on good hygiene and sanitation practices as well as improving community access to reliable, safe sanitation. This underpins good community hygiene which is critical for minimising the spread of COVID19.

Infographic Summary of the Australia – Indonesia Infrastructure Grants for Sanitation (sAIIG) Phase II

Infographic showing what the project will do, the benefits, and how the project partnership works. Link to full description below.
Infographic showing what the project will do, the benefits, and how the project partnership works. Link to full description below.

View larger image [PDF 3.42 MB]

View text version of infographic

Related documents

Name of document Year published Type
sAIIG design document 2011 Design
sAIIG concept note 2011 Concept note

Water and Sanitation for Low Income Communities Project (PAMSIMAS)

$124 million, 2008-2022

PAMSIMAS is the Indonesian Government's national program for rural water supply and sanitation. The program aims to increase the number of under-served rural, peri-urban and urban slum populations accessing sustainable water supply, sanitation and basic infrastructure services. Through PAMSIMAS we work with communities to plan, finance, manage and maintain their water supply and sanitation systems and improve hygiene behaviour.

As of December 2019, our joint efforts with the Indonesian Government had enabled about 17.8 million people to access improved water facilities (such as piped water into houses and public taps), and 16 million people to access improved sanitation facilities (such as flush toilets or improved pit latrines). PAMSIMAS is delivered by the Indonesian Ministry of Public Works and Housing, and is co-financed by Australia and the World Bank.

In the newest phase of the program the Indonesian Government aims to achieve universal access to water and sanitation in rural areas, covering a total of 30,441 villages in 403 districts and 33 provinces by 2022.

During the COVID pandemic, PAMSIMAS has introduced COVID-safe protocols that are allowing continued delivery of water and sanitation services, which are now more critical than ever.

Related documents

Name of document Year published Type
Design Summary and Implementation Document – Water and Sanitation Initiative – Indonesia 2009 Design
Third Water Supply and Sanitation for Low income Communities Project Mid-Term Review Aid Memoir 2010 Review
PAMSIMAS Anti-Corruption Action Plan 2012 Plan
Third Water and Sanitation for Low Income Communities Project and the Water Supply and Sanitation Policy Formulation And Action Planning Facility – Independent Review 2013 Independent evaluation
Third Water and Sanitation for Low Income Communities Project and the Water Supply and Sanitation Policy Formulation and Action Planning Facility – Independent Review: Management Response 2013 Evaluation management response

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