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Development assistance in Afghanistan

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Stability in Afghanistan


Stability is an ongoing challenge in Afghanistan but is a precursor to achieving the other two strategic objectives. There are promising signs that despite the devastating effect of COVID-19, Afghanistan is making progress towards peace and stability.

Australia supports the nascent peace process, where opportunities allow. We provide assistance that reinforces Afghan leadership and ownership, especially women’s leadership, of its development strategies and programs. We work alongside other donors to support a more inclusive government that represents and protects all Afghans, including women. We advocate for measures to tackle corruption and enhance transparency in law and justice processes in Afghanistan.

We share Australia’s knowledge and expertise to improve the agricultural system, especially in dryland areas, and build resilient communities through sustainable farming practices. Australia will also use its water expertise (through CSIRO and the Bureau of Meteorology) to assist Afghanistan’s national water management system.

Related initiatives

Sustainment of Law and Order

$98.8 million, 2015 to 2024

Securing the safety of citizens is a prerequisite for stability, economic recovery and human development in Afghanistan. The investment targets security priorities of strategic importance as Afghanistan inches towards peace. While intra-Afghan dialogues present an opportunity to end conflict, Afghanistan's capacity to improve security conditions will continue to be tested. Australia’s contribution of low value, high-impact activities aims to strengthen security conditions for economic recovery, with a sub-objective that Afghan citizens feel safer.

Projects under this investment include

Kabul Security Infrastructure Project (KSIP) $25 million 2017-2023

This investment supports maintenance, technical support and upgrades to the Kabul Security System (KSS), a network of closed circuit cameras with full-motion video. It is used by the Kabul City Police Command (KCPC) for situational awareness and command and control of security operations throughout Kabul. KSS is an essential component of police intelligence collection, and it provides real-time eyes on key locations in the city.

UNODC Anti-Money Laundering and the Counter Financing of Terrorism Project in Afghanistan $2.8 million 2019-2021

Asia/Pacific Group on Money Laundering Mutual Evaluation technical assistance program to Afghanistan $526,000 2020-2024

These two projects support Afghanistan to combat organised crime and terrorism to meet international standards on anti-money laundering and terrorism financing under the Financial Action Task Force’s evaluation, scheduled for 2022-23. This will be important to the Afghan Government’s ability to secure ongoing international financing.

Law and Order Trust fund (LOTFA) $64 million 2015-2018

Managed by the United Nations Development Programme, LOTFA assists the Afghan Government to: build a stronger national police force by improving salary and payroll systems; build key infrastructure; and train police officers.

Additional information can be found on project websites.

Related documents

Name of document Year published
Independent Review of the UN Development Programme (UNDP) Law and Order Trust Fund for Afghanistan (LOTFA) 2017 2017

Ending Violence Against Women

$52.5 million, 2011 to 2022

The Afghanistan Ending Violence Against Women Program supports national efforts to eliminate violence against women and includes support for women’s shelters and other support services; increased access to justice for women; helping change community attitudes towards violence; and advocating for the protection of women’s rights.

Under phase two, Australia works with five trusted and well-established organisations in Afghanistan; UN Women, UNFPA, The Asia Foundation, The Afghan Women’s Network and the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission in 32 of Afghanistan's 34 provinces. This investment is the largest EVAW program in Afghanistan.

Phase 1 $30 million 2011 to 2017

Phase 2 $22.5 million 2018 to 2022

Additional information can be found on project websites.

Related documents

Name of document Year published
Afghanistan Ending Violence Against Women program Mid Term Review and Management Response 2016

Australia Afghanistan Community Resilience Scheme (AACRS)

$38 million, 2014 to 2021

The AACRS brings together five international NGOs and the Afghan Government in a partnership that aims to improve the livelihoods and resilience of rural communities in eight provinces. AACRS partners promote improved agricultural practices, build more responsive and inclusive institutions, and support market linkages. The program has a focus on women and marginalized communities. Our partner NGOs are Action Aid Australia, the Aga Khan Foundation Afghanistan, CARE Australia, Oxfam Australia and World Vision Australia.

Additional information on the partnership can be found on The Australia Afghanistan Community Resilience Scheme website.

Related documents

Name of document Year published
Australia Afghanistan Community Resilience Scheme Mid Term Review Report and Management Response 2017

Supporting an emerging peace process

$3.8 million, 2019 to 2020

This investment allows Australia to strengthen learning, monitoring and evaluation and risk management in the Afghanistan program and to respond quickly to requests for support in relation to the emerging peace process. Key projects under this investment are a feasibility study to assess the viability of using big data to develop proxy indicators to track women's empowerment in Afghanistan and a collaboration with the Overseas Development Institute to create the Lessons for Peace project.

Additional information can be found on the Overseas Development Institute - Lessons for Peace website.

Afghanistan Water Information System (WIS)

$1.5 million, 2019 to 2021

Under this investment CSIRO will support the Government of Afghanistan to build a functioning water information system in Afghanistan

Additional information on the partnership can be found on CSIRO website.

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