The Office of Development Effectiveness
ODE publications: pre-2012
A range of evaluation products were published by ODE before 2012 including evaluation reports, working papers, case studies, fact sheets and annual reviews. These documents relate to the Australian aid provided to Asia and the Pacific region in the areas of health, education, water supply and sanitation services, poverty reduction in fragile environment and anti-corruption.
Annual Review of Development Effectiveness, 2009 [PDF 671 KB]
The third Annual Review of Development Effectiveness, Improving Basic Services for the Poor, focused on the aid program's support for partner countries' efforts to improve the delivery of essential services. The report found the aid program was generally well managed and reforms in aid delivery were strengthening Australia's ability to engage with partners on major policy issues. It recommended the aid program needed to focus on strengthening its approach to policy dialogue and deliver more aid using partner country systems, requiring new approaches to managing risk.
Annual Review of Development Effectiveness, 2008 [PDF 1.08 MB]
Scaling up in a deteriorating global environment, the second Annual Review, focused on improving sustainability of outcomes, maintaining the pace of reforms to aid management and delivery, and scaling up effectively in a changing global environment. It recommended three areas for action: ensuring the aid program protected gains in poverty reduction; updating the aid program's operational framework; and redefining engagement with civil society.
Annual Review of Development Effectiveness, 2007 [PDF 521 KB]
This report, the first Annual Review, was based on the performance reporting system established during 2006-07. Activities, programs and processes were assessed in the review. It identified five opportunities to strengthen aid effectiveness: broadening the way Australia engages with fragile states; supporting reform in the larger Asian economies; enhancing performance orientation; rigorous examination of the use of technical assistance; and meeting gender equality commitments.
Rapid assessment of Philippines Country Strategy 2004-2008, October 2006 [PDF 334 KB]
This assessment was part of a program of work updating country strategies. It found that the Philippines program had performed moderately well against its stated objectives but noted a lack of performance and impact data in some areas to support stronger conclusions. The assessment recommended that the new country strategy needed to articulate objectives, improve performance measurement and enhance coordination.
Assessment of the Indonesia country program strategy 2003-2006, September 2007 [PDF 357 KB]
This report provided an assessment of the Australian aid program to Indonesia from 2003 to 2006. It found that most programs achieved their objectives but noted that significant expansion of the aid program in 2005 was not accompanied by a rigorous performance framework for strategic objectives. The assessment provided a number of recommendations for the new Indonesia country strategy including defining more realistic strategy objectives, implementing performance monitoring mechanisms, and focusing on quality engagement by tightening the number of aid initiatives.
Violence Against Women in Melanesia and East Timor, Building on global and regional promising approaches, 2008 [PDF 1.13 MB]
This report assessed the effectiveness of approaches to addressing violence against women. It outlined examples of promising practices in the region including the Fiji Women's Crisis Centre, the Vanuatu Women's Centre, Family and Sexual Violence Action Committee in Papua New Guinea, and the Association of Men Against Violence in East Timor. It provided recommendations for action including integrating approaches to gender equality across all interventions, stepping up high-level policy dialogue with partner governments, increasing financial contributions and encouraging greater investment in research.
Violence against Women in Melanesia and East Timor: A review of international lessons [220 KB]
This report was the first step in a longer ODE research and evaluation process that aimed to build the evidence base for effective interventions to combat violence against women and promote gender equality. It identified general lessons based on international experience that point the way towards more effective responses to violence against women. It also outlined the second phase of the process, subsequently captured in the paper Violence Against Women in Melanesia and East Timor: Building on global and regional promising approaches.
Evaluation of the implementation of the Paris Declaration: Case study of Australia, January 2008 [PDF 338 KB] | [Word 267 KB]
This evaluation was conducted as part of the Development Assistance Committee's Evaluation of the Paris Declaration presented to the 2008 High Level Forum on the Paris Declaration. It concluded Australia was heading in the right direction and should particularly focus on its efforts in fragile states. The report provided four recommendations: providing specific guidance about 'mutual accountability' for staff working on the Australian aid program; ensuring country and regional strategies addressed all five pillars of the Declaration; testing compliance with the Paris declaration through Peer Reviews at Concept and Design stages; and better quantifying key progress data.
Australia update for the evaluation of the implementation of the Paris Declaration Phase 2, December 2010 [PDF 374 KB]
This report contributed to Phase 2 of the international evaluation of the implementation of the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness and updated Australia's findings from Phase 1. It focused on three overarching themes: scaling up the aid program, operating in fragile states and measuring performance on effectiveness. The report provided recommendations to address the challenges of five interrelated factors: the government's firm commitment to rapidly increasing the aid budget; Australia's strong commitment to international development; the large number of fragile states with which Australia has aid relationships; the determination to identify new, more effective ways of doing business; and substantial organisational changes introduced in support of these.
Food Security in Africa - Towards a support strategy for Australia, 2008 [PDF 1.40 MB]
This report provided analysis to guide thinking on how Australia could most effectively contribute to efforts to enhance agricultural and rural development and food security in Africa. The paper provided a set of funding options in two key areas: firstly, supporting broad-based agricultural growth and food security strategies, and secondly, specific support to agricultural research and science education. A third proposal recommended injecting technical expertise that would assist in implementation of these two program areas.
Case Study - Linking Central Reform to Service Delivery [PDF 211 KB]
This case study was part of the Office of Development Effectiveness (ODE) series on effective development approaches. It analysed the success of Papua New Guinea's National Economic and Fiscal Commission (NEFC). The NEFC reformed the way provinces were funded to deliver essential services. The study found that several interrelated factors drove the NEFC's success: local ownership; a strong, well‑led agency; targeted donor support based on analysis; and a participative reform process that struck a balance between technical and political concerns.
Australian aid to water supply and sanitation services in East Timor and Indonesia – Evaluation report, December 2009 [PDF 511 KB]
This report examined the effectiveness of the Australian aid program in improving access to water and sanitation services for the poor. The findings were based on two country working papers (East Timor and Indonesia). The report provided a series of recommendations to inform effective approaches in future, including better understanding the institutional context, broadening support to build capacity, considering separate programs for sanitation and hygiene, investing in monitoring and evaluation, and a greater focus on gender equality and environmental sustainability.
- Working Paper1 - East Timor [PDF 727 KB]
Working Paper 2 - Indonesia [PDF 962 KB]
These working papers were developed to inform the independent evaluation of Australian aid to water supply and sanitation service delivery in East Timor and Indonesia. They assessed the performance of external assistance and each of the national sectors. The working papers identified key factors that influenced aid effectiveness in each country and provided recommendations for future Australian support in East Timor and Indonesia as well as in comparable countries.
Australian Aid to Health Service Delivery in Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu - Evaluation report, June 2009 [PDF 432 KB]
This report examined the effectiveness of the Australian Government's support to improve the delivery of essential health services to the poor. The findings were based on three country case studies (Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu) that examined Australian-funded activities in the health sector. The purpose of the study was to draw out lessons learned to inform and improve future support in the health sector.
- Working paper 1 - Papua New Guinea Country report [PDF 608 KB]
- Working paper 2: Solomon Islands country report [PDF 594 KB]
Working paper 3: Vanuatu country report [PDF 454 KB]
These working papers summarised the findings of a review of Australian support to health services in Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu respectively. The case studies contributed to ODE's evaluation of Australian support for health service delivery in Melanesia, published in June 2009.
Improving the provision of basic services for the poor in fragile environments - WASH International Literature Review, December 2008 [PDF 206 KB]
This paper presented the findings from a rapid review of recent literature (since 2004) on international practice in supporting pro-poor service provision in fragile states in the water supply, sanitation and hygiene sector, focusing on multilateral and bilateral donors' approaches. The paper discussed the challenges for service delivery; the ongoing paradigm shift within the sector; donor approaches to reaching the poorest and most vulnerable in fragile states; and concluded by identifying key challenges, trade-offs and options for donors.
Improving the provision of basic education services to the poor in Papua New Guinea: Case study, May 2009 [PDF 622 KB]
This evaluation considered whether the Australian aid program's approach in Papua New Guinea (PNG) since the mid-1990s had been effective in improving the delivery of essential education services for the poor. It concluded that over 10 years of investment in substantive education programs had made some progress in realising the rights of all PNG children to basic, quality education. However, this support had made limited progress in overcoming the structural and institutional barriers to sustainable basic education services.
Improving the provision of basic education services to the poor in Lao PDR: Case study, April 2009 [PDF 576 KB]
This paper considered whether the Australian aid program from 2000 to 2008 in the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) improved the delivery of essential education services and if its approach had been effective. It concluded that some poor communities had benefited from Australian aid projects, but the work had not resulted in systematic changes in the delivery of basic education services across the country. It identified five key lessons, including the importance of moving from projects to sector-wide approaches.
Improving the provision of basic services for the poor in fragile environments: International Literature Review Synthesis Paper, December 2008 [PDF 193 KB]
This paper reviewed recent literature on international practice and experience in supporting pro-poor service provision in fragile states, focusing on multilateral and bilateral donors' approaches. It synthesised findings from sectoral reviews covering health, education, and water supply, sanitation and hygiene (WASH).
Service delivery for the poor: Lessons from recent evaluations of Australian Aid, November 2009 [1.23 MB]
This report considered the findings from a series of ODE evaluations of the Australian aid program's efforts to improve the delivery of basic services for the poor, and the related literature review across health, education, and water supply, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). It considered case studies in basic education in PNG and Laos; health in PNG, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu; and water and sanitation in East Timor and Indonesia. The report synthesised findings and drew together crosscutting lessons for Australian aid, including: the importance of understanding country context; working within country programs and systems; promoting gender equality; ensuring sustainability; and managing for results.
Approaches to anti-corruption through the Australian aid program: Lessons from PNG, Indonesia and Solomon Islands, 2007 [347 KB]
Responding to a new requirement for country strategies to include anti-corruption plans, this assessment aimed to contribute to the understanding of corruption issues in partner countries and provide practical assistance to country program areas in writing anti-corruption plans. By examining case studies the report identified themes that contributed to transparency and provided a set of related recommendations for potential inclusion in anti-corruption plans and activities.
A Manager's Guide to Mainstreaming Anti-Corruption into Activities: Fact Sheet, July 2008 [PDF 42 KB]
Based on the Lessons from PNG, Indonesia and Solomon Islands report, this summary provided a guide to mainstreaming anti-corruption in aid activities. It discussed activity entry points, using technical assistance, working with civil society, specific anti-corruption activities, and how to include anti-corruption in sector-wide approaches.
A Manager's Guide to Anti-Corruption Strategies: Fact Sheet, February 2008 [PDF 35 KB]
This short summary document provided country program areas with a practical guide to designing anti-corruption strategies. It emphasised the importance of strong diagnostics and drawing on lessons from other donors' experience, and outlined approaches to talking about corruption with partner governments.
To access these documents in an alternative format, please contact ODE@dfat.gov.au