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Australia's Trade and Economic Statistics

Australia's major goods & services exports 2013 (a)

Rank Commodity $ billion
1 Iron ores & concentrates 69.5
2 Coal 39.8
3 Education-related travel services (b) 15.0
4 Natural gas 14.6
5 Gold 13.9
6 Personal travel (excl education) services 13.1
7 Crude petroleum 9.0
8 Wheat 6.1
9 Aluminium ores & concentrates (incl alumina) 5.9
10 Beef 5.7
11 Copper ores & concentrates 5.2
12 Professional services 4.6
13 Other ores & concentrates (c) 4.5
14 Business travel services 4.0
15 Technical & other business services 3.9
16 Aluminium 3.7
17 Copper 3.4
18 Medicaments (incl veterinary) 3.1
19 Meat (excl beef) 2.9
20 Refined Petroleum 2.7
Total exports (d) 318.6

(a) Goods trade is on a recorded trade basis. Services trade is on a balance of payments basis.
(b) Includes student expenditure on tuition fees and living expenses.
(c) Mainly consists of Lead, Manganese and Zinc ores & concentrates.
(d)Total exports on a balance of payments basis.
Based on ABS trade data on DFAT STARS database and ABS catalogue 5302.0.

Australia's major goods & services imports 2013 (a) (b)

Rank Commodity $ billion
1 Personal travel (excl education) services 24.7
2 Crude petroleum 20.2
3 Passenger motor vehicles 18.3
4 Refined petroleum 18.2
5 Freight transport services 9.3
6 Telecom equipment & parts 9.1
7 Medicaments (incl veterinary) 7.8
8 Computers 6.9
9 Passenger transport services (c) 6.8
10 Goods vehicles 6.4
11 Technical & other business services 6.2
12 Professional services 5.1
13 Gold 4.8
14 Charges for intellectual property 4.0
15 Business travel services 3.6
16 Civil engineering equipment & parts 3.5
17 Heating & cooling equipment & parts 3.2
18 Furniture, mattresses & cushions 3.2
19 Pumps (excl liquid pumps) & parts 3.2
20 Vehicle parts & accessories 2.8
Total imports (d) 328.8

a) Goods trade is on a recorded trade basis. Services trade is on a balance of payments basis.
b) Please note–imports of aircraft were made confidential by the ABS from Sept 2008 onwards. Imports of aircraft would rank in Australia's top 20 imports. DFAT estimates that aircraft imports were valued at around $3.8 billion in 2013.
c) Includes Related agency fees & commissions.
d) Total imports on a balance of payments basis.
Based on ABS trade data on DFAT STARS database and ABS catalogue 5302.0.

Australia's major goods exports 2013 (a) (b)

Rank Commodity $ million % share
1 Iron ores & concentrates 69,494 26.4
2 Coal 39,805 15.1
3 Natural gas 14,602 5.5
4 Gold 13,898 5.3
5 Crude petroleum 9,016 3.4
6 Wheat 6,085 2.3
7 Aluminium ores & conc (incl alumina) 5,904 2.2
8 Beef 5,695 2.2
9 Copper ores & concentrates 5,192 2.0
10 Other ores & concentrates (c) 4,486 1.7
11 Aluminium 3,675 1.4
12 Copper 3,373 1.3
13 Medicaments (incl veterinary) 3,085 1.2
14 Meat (excl beef) 2,884 1.1
15 Refined petroleum 2,743 1.0
16 Wool & other animal hair (incl tops) 2,608 1.0
17 Cotton 2,604 1.0
18 Oil-seeds & oleaginous fruits, soft 2,516 1.0
19 Alcoholic beverages 1,997 0.8
20 Passenger motor vehicles 1,975 0.7
Total goods exports (d) 263,467 100.0

(a) Recorded trade basis.
(b) Excludes confidential items of trade.
(c) Mainly includes Zinc ores & concentrates, Manganese ores & concentrates and Lead ores & concentrates.
(d) Total goods exports on a balance of payments basis.
Based on ABS trade data on DFAT STARS database and ABS catalogue 5302.0.

Australia's major goods imports 2013 (a) (b)

Rank Commodity $ million % share
1 Crude petroleum 20,227 7.8
2 Passenger motor vehicles 18,290 7.1
3 Refined petroleum 18,229 7.0
4 Telecom equipment & parts 9,068 3.5
5 Medicaments (incl veterinary) 7,831 3.0
6 Computers 6,943 2.7
7 Goods vehicles 6,436 2.5
8 Gold 4,796 1.9
9 Civil engineering equipment & parts 3,464 1.3
10 Heating & cooling equipment & parts 3,212 1.2
11 Furniture, mattresses & cushions 3,176 1.2
12 Pumps (excl liquid pumps) & parts 3,172 1.2
13 Vehicle parts & accessories 2,797 1.1
14 Measuring & analysing instruments 2,774 1.1
15 Rubber tyres, treads & tubes 2,748 1.1
16 Electrical machinery & parts 2,725 1.1
17 Iron, steel, aluminium structures 2,647 1.0
18 Mechanical handling equipment & parts 2,579 1.0
19 Pharmaceutical products (excl medicaments) 2,513 1.0
20 Household-type equipment 2,458 0.9
Total goods imports (c) 258,936 100.0

(a) Recorded trade basis.
(b) Excludes confidential items of trade.
(c) Total goods imports on a balance of payments basis.
Based on ABS trade data on DFAT STARS database and ABS catalogue 5302.0.

Australia's services exports 2013 (a)

Services $ million % share
Manufactured services on physical inputs owned by others 14 0.0
Maintenance & repair 88 0.2
Transport
Passenger (b) 2,340 4.2
Freight 349 0.6
Other 2,348 4.3
Postal & courier services 1,216 2.2
Total transport 6,253 11.3
Travel
Business 4,015 7.3
Personal 28,156 51.0
> Education-related 15,020 27.2
> Other personal (c) 13,136 23.8
Total travel
Other 16,649 30.2
Construction 84 0.2
Insurance & pension 506 0.9
Financial 2,632 4.8
Intellectual property charges 825 1.5
Telecommunications, computer & information 1,899 3.4
Other business services 8,980 16.3
Personal, cultural and recreational 806 1.5
Government services 917 1.7
Total other 32,171 58.3
Total services exports 51,182 100.0

(a) Balance of payments basis.
(b) Passenger services include air transport-related agency fees & commissions.
(c) Inbound tourism for mainly recreational purposes.
Based on ABS catalogue 5302.0.

Australia's services imports 2013 (a)

Services $ million % share
Manufactured services on physical inputs owned by others 0 0.0
Maintenance & repair 726 1.0
Transport
Passenger (b) 6,839 9.8
Freight 9,346 13.4
Other 826 1.2
Postal & courier services 106 0.2
Total transport 17,117 24.5
Travel
Business 3,546 5.1
Personal 25,909 37.1
> Education-related 1,099 1.6
> Other personal (c) 24,810 35.5
Total travel 29,455 42.2
Other
Construction 0 0.0
Insurance & pension 825 1.2
Financial 1,254 1.8
Intellectual property charges 4,060 5.8
Telecommunications, computer & information 2,358 3.4
Other business services 11,387 16.3
Personal, cultural and recreational 1,685 2.4
Government services 1,003 1.4
Total other 22,572 32.3
Total services imports 62,417 100.0

(a) Balance of payments basis.
(b) Passenger services include air transport-related agency fees & commissions.
(c) Outbound tourism for mainly recreational purposes.
Based on ABS catalogue 5302.0.

Australia's global export position

How we compare to the rest of the world 2013 (US$ billion)

Rank Country Goods (a) Services (b) Total exports % share
1 China 2,209 206.0 2415.0 10.3
2 United States 1,580 683.0 2263.0 9.6
3 Germany 1,453 291.0 1744.0 7.4
4 Japan 715 148.0 863.0 3.7
5 United Kingdom 542 297.0 838.0 3.6
6 Netherlands 672 149.0 821.0 3.5
7 France 580 237.0 817.0 3.4
8 Republic of Korea 560 113.0 673.0 2.9
9 Hong Kong (c) 536 133.0 669.0 2.8
10 Italy 518 111.0 629.0 2.7
11 Russian Federation 523 66.0 589.0 2.5
12 Belgium 469 108.0 578.0 2.5
13 Canada 458 80.0 538.0 2.3
14 Singapore 410 122.0 533.0 2.3
15 India 313 151.0 465.0 2.0
16 Spain 317 146.0 463.0 2.0
17 Mexico 380 20.0 400.0 1.7
18 United Arab Emirates 379 17.0 396.0 1.7
19 Saudi Arabia 376 12.0 388.0 1.7
20 Taiwan 305 52.0 357.0 1.5
21 Switzerland 229 95.0 325.0 1.4
22 Australia 255 53.0 309.0 1.3
23 Thailand 229 59.0 288.0 1.2
24 Brazil 242 39.0 281.0 1.2
25 Malaysia 228 40.0 268.0 1.1
26 Sweden 168 75.0 243.0 1.0
27 Poland 202 40.0 242.0 1.0
28 Ireland 114 126.0 240.0 1.0
29 Austria 175 65.0 240.0 1.0
30 Indonesia 183 22.0 206.0 0.9
Total exports 18,813 4,720 23,536 100.0

(a) Goods on recorded trade basis.
(b) Services on balance of payments basis.
(c) Special Administrative Region of China.
Source: WTO online database.

Australia's top 10 export Markets 2013 (a)

($ billion)

1. China (c) 31.9% comprising: services $6.9b, goods $94.7b, total $101.5b; 2. Japan 15.5%, comprising: services $2.0b, goods $47.5b, total $49.5b; 3. Republic of Korea 6.7% comprising: services $1.7b, goods $19.6b, total $21.3b; 4. United States (c) 4.9% comprising: services $6.0b, goods $9.6b, total $15.5b; 5. India (c) 3.6%, comprising: services $1.9b, goods $9.5b, total $11.4b; 6. New Zealand (c) 3.5%, comprising: services $3.6b, goods $$7.4b, total $11.0b; 7. Singapore 2.9%, comprising: services #3.5b,

Total exports

($ billion)

APEC (d) 79.2%, comprising: services $33.3b, goods $219.0b, total $252.2b; ASEAN 10 (d) 10.7%, comprising: services $$8.9b, goods $$25.0b, total $34.0b; European Union 28 (d) (e) 6.9%, comprising: services $9.1b, goods $13.0b, total $22.1b; OECD (d) 39.4%, comprising: services $$24.5b, goods $$101.2b, total $125.7b; Total exports, comprising: services $55.2b, goods $263.5b, total $318.6b

(a) All data is on a balance of payments basis, except for goods by country which are on a recorded trade basis.
(b) Excludes selected confidential export commodities from June 2013 onwards for Singapore as well as for the country groups.
(c) Actual export total based on unpublished ABS data.
(d) Totals (where relevant) include actual export totals for Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Republic of Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, United Kingdom and United States.
(e) Services data is EU28 from Sept 2013.
* Totals may not add due to rounding.
Based on ABS trade data on DFAT STARS database, ABS catalogue 5368.0.55.004 and unpublished ABS data.

Australia's global import position

How we compare to the rest of the world 2013 (US$ billion)

Rank Country Goods (a) Services (b) Total imports % share
1 United States 2,329.0 457.0 2786.0 11.9
2 China 1,950.0 331.0 2281.0 9.8
3 Germany 1,189.0 318.0 1507.0 6.4
4 Japan 833.0 164.0 997.0 4.3
5 France 681.0 189.0 870.0 3.7
6 United Kingdom 655.0 180.0 836.0 3.6
7 Netherlands 590.0 128.0 718.0 3.1
8 Hong Kong (c) 622.0 60.0 682.0 2.9
9 Republic of Korea 516.0 107.0 623.0 2.7
10 India 466.0 126.0 592.0 2.5
11 Italy 477.0 109.0 587.0 2.5
12 Canada 474.0 106.0 580.0 2.5
13 Belgium 451.0 98.0 548.0 2.3
14 Singapore 373.0 126.0 502.0 2.1
15 Russian Federation 343.0 126.0 469.0 2.0
16 Spain 339.0 93.0 432.0 1.8
17 Mexico 391.0 32.0 423.0 1.8
18 Brazil 250.0 86.0 337.0 1.4
19 United Arab Emirates 251.0 71.0 322.0 1.4
20 Australia 251.0 68.0 318.0 1.4
21 Taiwan 270.0 42.0 312.0 1.3
22 Thailand 251.0 55.0 306.0 1.3
23 Turkey 252.0 24.0 276.0 1.2
24 Switzerland 201.0 53.0 254.0 1.1
25 Malaysia 206.0 45.0 251.0 1.1
26 Saudi Arabia 168.0 77.0 245.0 1.0
27 Poland 205.0 33.0 238.0 1.0
28 Austria 182.0 45.0 227.0 1.0
29 Indonesia 187.0 35.0 222.0 0.9
30 Sweden 160.0 58.0 217.0 0.9
Total imports 18,601 4,274 22,875 100.0

(a) Goods on recorded trade basis.
(b) Services on balance of payments basis.
(c) Special Administrative Region of China.
Source: WTO online database.

Australia's top 10 import sources 2013 (a) (b)

($ billion)

1. China 15.0%, comprising: services $2.1b, goods $47.3b, total $49.4b; 2. United States (c) 11.9%, comprising: services $12.4b, goods $26.7b, total $39.1b; 3. Japan 6.5%, comprising: services $2.3b, goods $18.9b, total $21.2b; 4. Singapore 5.4%, comprising: services $4.9b, goods $12.9b, total $17.9b; 5. Thailand 4.2%, comprising: services $2.4b, goods $11.4b, total $13.8b; 6. Germany 4.0%, comprising: services $1.7b, goods $11.4b, total $13.1b; 7. United Kingdom 3.7%, comprising: services $5.8b, goods $6.2

Total imports

($ billion)

APEC (d) 63.6%, comprising: services $38.3b, goods $170.7b, total $209b; ASEAN 10 17.8%, comprising: services $13.2b, goods $45.4b, total $58.6b; European Union 28 (e) 17.4%, comprising: services $14.8b, goods $42.4b, total $57.3b; OECD (d) 46.2%, comprising: services $36.6b, goods $115.2b, total $151.8b; Total imports, comprising: services $69.9b, goods $258.9b, total $328.8b

(a) All data is on a balance of payments basis, except for goods by country which are on a recorded trade basis.
(b) Excludes selected confidential import commodities (mainly aircraft imports) except for the United States. This affects import totals for the EU28.
(c) Actual import total based on unpublished ABS data.
(d) Totals include actual import totals for the United States.
(e) Services data is EU28 from Sept 2013.
* Totals may not add due to rounding.
Based on ABS trade data on DFAT STARS database, ABS catalogue 5368.0.05.004 and unpublished ABS data.

Top 10 two-way trading partners 2013 (a) (b)

($ billion)
RANK Country Goods Services Total % share
1 China 141.9 9.0 150.9 23.3
2 Japan 66.4 4.3 70.7 10.9
3 United States (USA) (c) 36.3 18.4 54.6 8.4
4 Republic of Korea 29.8 2.3 32.1 5.0
5 Singapore 18.6 8.5 27.1 4.2
6 United Kingdom (UK) 14.8 6.8 21.6 3.3
7 New Zealand 10.1 9.8 19.9 3.1
8 Thailand 16.3 3.2 19.5 3.0
9 Malaysia 15.0 3.1 18.2 2.8
10 India 13.4 2.8 16.1 2.5
Total top 10
trading partners
363 68.2 430.7 66.5
Total two-way trade 522 125.0 647.4 100.0
of which: APEC (d) 390 71.6 461.2 71.2
ASEAN10 (d) 70 22.1 92.6 14.3
EU28 (e) 55 23.9 79.3 12.3
OECD (d) 216 61.1 277.4 42.9

(a) All data is on a balance of payments basis, except for goods by country which are on a recorded trade basis.
(b) Excludes selected confidential export commodities from June 2013 onwards for Singapore as well as for the country groups.
(c) Excludes selected confidential import commodities except for the USA. This affects import totals for the EU28.
(d) Totals (where relevant) include actual export totals for Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Republic of Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, UK and USA and includes actual import totals for the USA.
(e) Services data is EU28 from Sept 2013.
* Totals may not add due to rounding.
Based on ABS trade data on DFAT STARS database, ABS catalogue 5368.0.05.004 and unpublished ABS data.

Total two-way trade by region 2013

China, $150.9b, 23.3%; Japan, $70.7b, 10.9%; Republic of Korea, $32.1b, 5.0%; ASEAN, $92.6b, 14.3%; Other Asia, $60.2b, 9.3%; Total Asia $406.4b, 62.8%; Europe $91.1b, 14.1%; Americas $69.8b, 10.8%; Oceania and Antarctica $31.6b, 4.9%; Africa $11.4b, 1.8%; Other $37.0b, 5.6%;

Regional breakdowns:
Asia includes Central Asia; Middle East; North Asia; South East Asia and Southern Asia.
Europe includes Eastern Europe; Northern Europe; South Eastern Europe, Southern Europe and Western Europe.
Americas includes North America; Caribbean; Central America and South America.
Oceania & Antarctica includes Antarctica; Pacific Islands and Other Oceania.
Africa includes Central & West Africa; North Africa and Southern & East Africa.
(a) Includes confidential items of trade.
Based on ABS trade data on DFAT STARS database, ABS catalogue 5368.0.55.004 and unpublished ABS data.

Last Updated: 29 January 2015
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