Australia was one of the original signatories of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction — also known as the Ottawa Convention, or MineBan Convention — when it was opened for signature in December 1997. A total of 161 States have joined the Convention.
In December 1998, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-personnel Mines Convention Act. This legislation gives effect under Australian law to the provisions of the Ottawa Convention. It creates offences relating to the placement, possession, development, production, acquisition, stockpiling and transfer of anti-personnel landmines by Australian citizens or members of the Australian Defence Force (ADF) or on territory under Australian jurisdiction or control.
In keeping with Australia's obligations under the Ottawa Convention, the Australian Defence Force (ADF) has destroyed Australia's stockpile of antipersonnel landmines. A limited number of mines have been retained, as allowed for under the Convention, for research and training purposes in support of Australia's work in humanitarian demining.
Australia has a strong record in disarmament and international action to ban weapons that are excessively injurious or have indiscriminate effects. The Australian Government contributes to international efforts to promote the universalisation of the Mine Ban Convention. These efforts focus particularly on Australia's immediate region, the Indo-Pacific.
Through Australia's Mine Action Strategy for the Australian aid program 2010-2014, Australia committed $100 million to contribute to global efforts to reduce the threat and socioeconomic impact of landmines, cluster munitions and other explosive remnants of war. Australia’s support is improving the quality of life for victims of landmines, cluster munitions and other explosive remnants of war; reducing the number of deaths and injuries from landmines, cluster munitions and other explosive remnants of war; and enhancing the capacity of countries to manage their mine action programs.