Sanctions

Iran

Australia fully implements the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) sanctions regime in relation to Iran.

The UNSC adopted resolution 1737 (2006) on 27 December 2006 imposing sanctions in relation to Iran in response to the proliferation risks presented by the Iranian nuclear program and, in this context, by Iran's continuing failure to meet the requirements of the International Atomic Energy Agency Board of Governors and to comply with the provisions of Security Council resolution 1696 (2006). The sanctions were extended by UNSC resolutions 1747 (2007), 1803 (2008) and 1929 (2010).

Australia also implements an autonomous sanctions regime in relation to Iran.

The Australian Government announced the autonomous sanctions regime in October 2008 in response to Iran’s proliferation-sensitive nuclear and missile programs and efforts to contravene UNSC sanctions. The sanctions regime has been amended on several occasions since.

This page summarises the current sanctions measures imposed by the sanctions regimes implemented by Australia in relation to Iran.

This page also includes information on de-listing requests from a designated person or entity and useful links.

Restrictions on the export or supply of goods

UNSC sanctions regime

Australian law prohibits the direct or indirect supply, sale or transfer to Iran of the following ‘export sanctioned goods’:

  • goods mentioned in a document specified by the Minister for Foreign Affairs and included within the Charter of the United Nations (Sanctions – Iran) Document List 2014including:
    • items mentioned in the Guidelines for the Export of Nuclear Material, Equipment and Technology - INFCIRC/254/Rev.11/Part 1;
    • items mentioned in the Guidelines for Transfers of Nuclear-related Dual use Equipment, Materials, Software and Related Technology - INFCIRC/254/Rev.8/Part 2;
    • items, materials, equipment, goods and technology related to ballistic missile-related programmes mentioned in S/2012/947;
  • items that the Minister for Foreign Affairs has determined could, if exported to Iran, contribute to Iran's enrichment-related, reprocessing or heavy water-related activities, to the development of nuclear weapon delivery systems, or to the pursuit of activities related to other topics about which the IAEA has expressed concerns or identified as outstanding mentioned in the Charter of the United Nations (Sanctions - Iran) (Export Sanctioned Goods) List Determination 2008;
  • any battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, large calibre artillery systems, combat aircraft, attack helicopters, warships, missiles or missile systems as defined for the purpose of the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, or related materiel, including spare parts;
  • other items determined by the Security Council or the Committee established by the Security Council under Resolution 1737 (the 1737 Committee) (no such other items have been determined).

without a sanctions permit.

Conditions for the grant of a sanctions permit

The Minister for Foreign Affairs may grant a sanctions permit authorising the supply, sale or transfer of ‘export sanctioned goods’ if:

  • the goods are ‘permissible goods’; or
  • all of the following apply:
    • the contract for delivery of the goods includes appropriate end-user guarantees
    • the Minister has obtained a commitment from the Government of Iran not to use the goods in the proliferation of sensitive nuclear activities or for the development of nuclear weapon delivery systems;
    • the Minister has obtained from the UNSC Iran Sanctions Committee a determination in advance under paragraph 9 of UNSC resolution 1737 that the goods would clearly not contribute to the development of Iran’s technologies in support of its proliferation of sensitive nuclear activities or the development of nuclear weapon delivery systems.

If you assess that your activity satisfies these conditions, you may apply for a sanctions permit using the Online Sanctions Administration System.

Implementing legislation

Australian autonomous sanctions regime

  1. Australian law prohibits the direct or indirect supply, sale or transfer to Iran, for use in Iran, or for the benefit of Iran, of the following ‘export sanctioned goods’ for Iran:
    • arms or related matériel;
    • goods mentioned  in the Australia Group Common Control Lists, as existing from time to time;
    • equipment and technology for the oil and gas industry, or the petrochemical industry, specified in the Autonomous Sanctions (Export Sanctioned Goods – Iran) Specification 2012;
    • newly printed or unissued Iranian denominated bank notes or newly minted or unissued Iranian denominated coinage;
    • graphite of a kind specified in the Autonomous Sanctions (Export Sanctioned Goods – Iran) Amendment Specification 2013;
    • raw metals of a kind specified in the Autonomous Sanctions (Export Sanctioned Goods – Iran) Amendment Specification 2013;
    • semi-finished metals of a kind specified in the Autonomous Sanctions (Export Sanctioned Goods – Iran) Amendment Specification 2013;
    • naval equipment of  a kind specified in the Autonomous Sanctions (Export Sanctioned Goods – Iran) Amendment Specification 2013;
    • naval technology of a kind specified in the Autonomous Sanctions (Export Sanctioned Goods – Iran) Amendment Specification 2013;
    • software for integrating industrial processes of a kind specified in the Autonomous Sanctions (Export Sanctioned Goods – Iran) Amendment Specification 2013; and
    • vessels designed for the transport or storage of oil, gas or petrochemical products

without a sanctions permit.

  1. Australian law also prohibits the supply, sale or transfer to:
    • the Government of Iran;
    • a public body, corporation or agency of the Government of Iran; or
    • a person or entity acting on behalf of at the direction of the Government of Iran, or a public body, corporation or agency of the Government of Iran

of:

    • gold, precious metals or diamonds

without a sanctions permit.

Conditions for the grant of a sanctions permit

The Minister for Foreign Affairs may grant a sanctions permit authorising an activity that would contravene these prohibitions if the Minister is satisfied that it would be in the national interest to do so.

If you assess that your activity satisfies this condition, you may apply for a sanctions permit using the Online Sanctions Administration System (OSAS).

Implementing legislation

Restrictions on the export or provision of services

UNSC sanctions regime

  1. Australian law prohibits:
    • the provision to any person of, technical assistance or training, or financial assistance, or investment, brokering or other financial services, if it assists with, or is provided in relation to, a supply of ‘export sanctioned goods’;
    • the provision to any person of, technical assistance or training, or financial assistance, or investment, brokering or other financial services, if it assists with the manufacture or use of ‘export sanctioned goods’ in Iran, or on behalf of a person or entity in Iran;
    • the transfer of financial resources, if it relates to, the supply of ‘export sanctioned goods’, or the manufacture or use of export sanctioned goods in Iran, or by an Iranian national; and
    • the transportation of ‘export sanctioned goods’ , or the transportation of ‘import sanctioned goods’ in the course of being procured from Iran or from a person or entity in Iran

without a sanctions permit.

  1. Australian law also prohibits the transfer of technology or technical assistance to Iran related to any activity related to ballistic missiles capable of delivering nuclear weapons, including launches using ballistic missile technology
  2. Australian law also prohibits the provision of bunkering services, such as the provision of fuel or supplies, or other servicing of vessels, to Iranian-owned or –contracted vessels without a sanctions permit.

Conditions for the grant of a sanctions permit

The Minister for Foreign Affairs may grant a sanctions permit authorising the provision of a ‘sanctioned service’ if:

  • the service relates to goods that are ‘permissible goods’; or
  • all of the following apply:
    • the contract for delivery of the service includes appropriate end-user guarantees
    • the Minister has obtained a commitment from the Government of Iran not to use the service in the proliferation of sensitive nuclear activities or for the development of nuclear weapon delivery systems;
    • the Minister has obtained from the UNSC Iran Sanctions Committee a determination in advance under paragraph 9 of UNSC resolution 1737 that the service would clearly not contribute to the development of Iran’s technologies in support of its proliferation of sensitive nuclear activities or the development of nuclear weapon delivery systems.

The Minister may grant a sanctions permit authorising the provision of a bunkering service to an Iranian vessel, but must not do so if:

unless

  • the supply of the service is necessary for humanitarian purposes; or
  • the ‘export sanctioned goods’ have been inspected and, if necessary, seized and disposed of. 

If you assess that your activity satisfies these conditions, you may apply for a sanctions permit using the Online Sanctions Administration System.

Implementing legislation

Australian autonomous sanctions regime

  1. Australian law prohibits the provision to any person of:
    • technical advice, assistance or training;
    • financial assistance;
    • a financial service; or
    • another service

if it assists with, or is provided in relation to:

    • the direct or indirect supply, sale or transfer of an ‘export sanctioned good’ for Iran to Iran, for use in Iran, or for the benefit of iran

without a sanctions permit.

  1. Australian law prohibits the provision to any person of:
    • financial assistance; or
    • a financial service

if it assists with, or is provided in relation to:

    • the import, purchase or transport of an ‘import sanctioned good’ for Iran that originates in, or is exported from, Iran

without a sanctions permit.

  1. Australian law prohibits the provision the following services in respect of an oil tanker or cargo vessel flying the flag of the Islamic Republic of Iran, or owned, chartered or operated, directly or indirectly, by an Iranian person, entity or body:
    • classification services
    • the supervision of, or participation in, the design, construction or repair of ships and their parts including blocks, elements, machinery, electrical installations and control installation, as well as related technical assistance, financing or financial assistance;
    • the inspection, testing or certification of marine equipment, materials and components as well as the supervision of the installation on board and the supervision of system integration; and
    • the carrying out of surveys, inspections, audits and visits and the issuance, renewal or endorsement of the relevant certificates and documents of compliance, on behalf of the flag State administration.
  1. Australian law prohibits the provision to Iran, or to a person for use in Iran, of:
    • technical advice, assistance or training;
    • financial assistance;
    • a financial service; or
    • another service

if it assists with, or is provided in relation to:

without a sanctions permit.

  1. Australian law also prohibits the provision to:
    • the Government of Iran;
    • a public body, corporation or agency of the Government of Iran; or
    • a person or entity acting on behalf of at the direction of the Government of Iran, or a public body, corporation or agency of the Government of Iran

of:

    • technical advice, assistance or training;
    • financial assistance;
    • a financial service; or
    • another service

if it assists with, or is provided in relation to:

    • an activity involving the supply, sale, transfer, import, purchase or transport of an item of gold, precious metals or diamonds

without a sanctions permit.

Conditions for the grant of a sanctions permit

The Minister for Foreign Affairs may grant a sanctions permit authorising an activity that would otherwise contravene these prohibitions if the Minister is satisfied that it would be in the national interest to do so.

If you assess that your activity satisfies this condition, you may apply for a sanctions permit using the Online Sanctions Administration System (OSAS).

Implementing legislation

Restrictions on the import, procurement, purchase or transport of goods

UNSC sanctions regime

Australian law prohibits the procurement from Iran, or from a person or entity in Iran, of the following ‘import sanctioned goods’:

  • items mentioned in the Guidelines for the Export of Nuclear Material, Equipment and Technology - INFCIRC/254/Rev.11/Part 1;
  • items mentioned in the Guidelines for Transfers of Nuclear-related Dual use Equipment, Materials, Software and Related Technology - INFCIRC/254/Rev.8/Part 2;
  • items, materials, equipment, goods and technology related to ballistic missile-related programmes mentioned in S/2012/947;
  • goods mentioned in a document specified by the Minister for Foreign Affairs and included within the Charter of the United Nations (Sanctions – Iran) Document List 2014including:
    • items mentioned in the Guidelines for the Export of Nuclear Material, Equipment and Technology - INFCIRC/254/Rev.11/Part 1;
    • items mentioned in the Guidelines for Transfers of Nuclear-related Dual use Equipment, Materials, Software and Related Technology - INFCIRC/254/Rev.8/Part 2;
    • items, materials, equipment, goods and technology related to ballistic missile-related programmes mentioned in S/2012/947;
  • arms or related materiel.

Implementing legislation

Regulations 6 and 12 of the Charter of the United Nations (Sanctions — Iran) Regulations 2008

Charter of the United Nations (Sanctions – Iran) Document List 2014

Australian autonomous sanctions regime

  1. Australian law prohibits the import, purchase or transport of the following ‘import sanctioned good’ for Iran if the goods originate in, or are exported from, Iran:
    • crude oil, petroleum and petrochemical products of a kind specified in the Autonomous Sanctions (Import Sanctioned Goods – Iran) Specification 2012 and the Autonomous Sanctions (Import Sanctioned Goods – Iran) Amendment Specification 2013 (available below)

without a sanctions permit.

  1. Australian law also prohibits the import or purchase from
    • the Government of Iran;
    • a public body, corporation or agency of the Government of Iran; or
    • a person or entity acting on behalf of at the direction of the Government of Iran, or a public body, corporation or agency of the Government of Iran

of:

    • gold, precious metals or diamonds

without a sanctions permit.

Conditions for the grant of a sanctions permit

The Minister for Foreign Affairs may grant a sanctions permit authorising an activity that would otherwise contravene these prohibitions if the Minister is satisfied that it would be in the national interest to do so.

If you assess that your activity satisfies this condition, you may apply for a sanctions permit using the Online Sanctions Administration System (OSAS).

Implementing legislation

Restrictions on commercial activities

UNSC sanctions regime

  1. Australian law prohibits:
    • The sale or otherwise making available, of an interest in a ‘sensitive commercial activity’ to
      • Iran
      • An Iranian national; or
      • An entity incorporated in Iran or subject to Iranian jurisdiction; or a
      • a person or entity acting on behalf of, or at the discretion of, Iran, an Iranian national, or an entity incorporated in Iran or subject to Iranian jurisdiction; or
      • an entity owned or controlled by Iran, an Iranian national, or an entity incorporated in Iran or subject to Iranian jurisdiction.

A ‘sensitive commercial activity’ means a commercial activity involving:

  • uranium mining; or
  • uranium production; or
  • the use of nuclear materials or technology listed in INFCIRC/254/Rev.9/Part 1, including:
    • uranium-enrichment and reprocessing activities; or
    • all heavy-water activities; or
    • the development of technology related to ballistic missiles capable of delivering nuclear weapons.
  1. Australian law prohibits:
    • Unauthorised business dealings with 150 Iranian entities specified by the Minister for Foreign Affairs, on the grounds that unauthorised business with that entity may contribute to Iran’s proliferation-sensitive nuclear activities, the development of nuclear delivery systems or a violation of a UN Security Council resolution.
    • The 150 Iranian Specified Entities include:
      • entities linked to Iran's nuclear and missile programs;
      • entities associated with the Iran Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC);
      • transportation sector entities, including the Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Line (IRISL);
      • financial sector entities; and
      • energy sector (including oil and gas) entities.
    • Further information about Iran Specified Entities

Implementing legislation

Australian autonomous sanctions regime

  1. Australian law prohibits:
    • the acquisition or extension of an interest in;
    • the establishment of or participation in a joint venture with; and
    • the granting of a financial loan or credit to

an entity that is engaged in:

    • the Iranian petrochemical industry; or
    • any of the following sectors of the Iranian oil and gas industry:
      • refining of fuels;
      • exploration of crude oil or natural gas;
      • production of crude oil or natural gas;
      • liquefaction of natural gas; or

or

    • an Iranian entity engaged in a sector mentioned above outside Iran

or

    • an Iranian-owned entity engaged in a sector mentioned above outside Iran

without a sanctions permit.

  1. Australian law prohibits:
    • the sale or making available of an interest in a commercial activity in Australia

in any of the following sectors of the oil and gas industry:

    • refining of fuels;
    • exploration of crude oil and natural gas;
    • production of crude oil and natural gas; or
    • liquefaction of natural gas

to

    • the Government of Iran;
    • any natural person in, or resident in, Iran;
    • an entity formed or incorporated in Iran;
    • an entity or person acting on behalf of or at the direction of an entity or a person mentioned above; or
    • an entity owned or controlled by a person or entity mentioned above

without a sanctions permit.

  1. Australian law prohibits:
    • the opening in Australia of a representative office, or the establishment in Australia of a branch or subsidiary, of;
    • the conclusion of an agreement related to the matters mentioned above, for or on behalf of;
    • the acquisition or extension of an interest in an Australian financial institution by;
    • the sale, or otherwise making available, of an interest in an Australian financial institution to; or
    • the establishment by a financial institution of a joint venture, or a correspondent banking relationship, with

an entity that is:

    • a financial institution domiciled in Iran;
    • a branch or subsidiary, wherever located, of a financial institution domiciled in Iran; or
    • a financial institution, wherever domiciled, that is controlled by an entity or person domiciled in Iran

without a sanctions permit.

  1. Australian law prohibits:
    • the opening by a financial institution of a representative office in Iran; or
    • the establishment by a financial institution of a branch or subsidiary in Iran

without a sanctions permit.

Conditions for the grant of a sanctions permit

The Minister for Foreign Affairs may grant a sanctions permit authorising an activity that would otherwise contravene these prohibitions if the Minister is satisfied that it would be in the national interest to do so.

If you assess that your activity satisfies this condition, you may apply for a sanctions permit using the Online Sanctions Administration System (OSAS).

Implementing legislation

Targeted financial sanctions

UNSC sanctions regime

Australian law prohibits:

  • the use of or dealing with an asset that is owned or controlled by a ‘designated person or entity’ for Iran; and
  • making an asset available, directly or indirectly, to or for the benefit of
    • a ‘designated person or entity’ for Iran; or
    • a person or entity acting on behalf of or at the direction of a ‘designated person or entity’ for Iran; or
    • or an entity owned or controlled by a ‘designated person or entity’ for Iran

without a sanctions permit.

An ‘asset’ is defined broadly to include an asset or property of any kind, whether tangible or intangible, movable or immovable.

The Consolidated List includes the names of all designated persons and entities.

For Iran, the Consolidated List includes persons and entities acting on behalf of, or owned or controlled by designated persons or entities – 19 entities and 12 individuals have been listed in Australia (UNSCR 1737 (2006).

Where the Minister for Foreign Affairs is able to determine that certain persons and entities meet the description above, she directs that their names and other available identifying information be added to the Consolidated List.

The prohibition described above is not, however, limited to the persons and entities determined by the Minister for Foreign Affairs, but applies to any person or entity that meet the above description.

  • 9 persons and 9 entities were added on 15 October 2008
  • 3 persons and 9 entities were added on 9 August 2010.

Conditions for the grant of a sanctions permit

The Minister for Foreign Affairs may be able to grant a sanctions permit authorising an activity that would contravene these prohibitions if the activity is:

  • a ‘basic expense dealing’;
  • a ‘legally required dealing’; or
  • a ‘contractual dealing’; or
  • a ‘required payment dealing’; or
  • an ‘extraordinary expense dealing’

as those terms are defined in regulation 5 of the Charter of the United Nations (Dealing with Assets) Regulations 2008.

If you assess that your activity satisfies this condition, you may apply for a sanctions permit using the Online Sanctions Administration System (OSAS).

The Minister may need to notify or receive the approval of the UNSC Iran Sanctions Committee before granting a sanctions permit.

Implementing legislation

Australian autonomous sanctions regime

Australian law prohibits:

  • the use of or dealing with an asset that is owned or controlled by a ‘designated person or entity’ for Iran; and
  • making an asset available directly or indirectly to, or for the benefit of, a ‘designated person or entity’ for the Iran

without a sanctions permit.

An ‘asset’ is defined broadly to include an asset or property of any kind, whether tangible or intangible, movable or immovable.

The Consolidated List includes the names of all designated persons and entities.

Conditions for the grant of a sanctions permit

The Minister for Foreign Affairs may grant a sanctions permit authorising an activity that would contravene these prohibitions if:

  • the Minister is satisfied that it would be in the national interest to do so; and
  • the application for the sanctions permit is for ‘a basic expense dealing’, a ‘legally required dealing’, or a ‘contractual dealing’ as those terms are defined in regulation 20 of the Autonomous Sanctions Regulations 2011.

If you assess that your activity satisfies these conditions, you may apply for a sanctions permit using the Online Sanctions Administration System (OSAS).

Implementing legislation

Financial Countermeasures

While not formally a sanctions measure, the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing (Iran Countermeasures) Regulation 2008 imposes a general prohibition on financial transactions with Iran valued at $20,000 or more.

Further information

Travel bans

UNSC sanctions regime

Australian law prohibits the entry into or transit through Australia of a ‘designated person’ for Iran without authorisation by the UNSC.

The Consolidated List includes the names of all designated persons.

Implementing legislation

Australian autonomous sanctions regime

Australian law prohibits a ‘declared person’ from travelling to, entering or remaining in Australia unless the Minister for Foreign Affairs waives this prohibition.

The Consolidated List includes the names of all declared persons.

Conditions for the waiver of a travel ban

The Minister for Foreign Affairs may waive this prohibition only:

  • on the grounds that it would be in the national interest; or
  • on humanitarian grounds.

Implementing legislation

De-listing requests from a designated person or entity

UNSC sanctions regime

A person or entity designated for the purposes of the UNSC sanctions regime in relation to Iran may submit a de-listing request either through the focal point for de-listing established by UNSC resolution 1730 (2006), or through the person or entity’s country of citizenship or residence. 

Australian autonomous sanctions regime

A person or entity designated or declared for the purposes of the Australian autonomous sanctions regime in relation to Iran may submit a de-listing request to the Minister for Foreign Affairs under regulation 11 of Autonomous Sanctions Regulations 2011.