Sanctions

Iran

Australia fully implements its obligations under UNSC resolutions in relation to Iran, including 1737 (2006), 1747 (2007), 1803 (2008) and 1929 (2010).  In addition to UNSC sanctions, Australia maintains its own autonomous sanctions in relation to Iran. 

On 27 December 2006, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 1737 (2006) imposing sanctions in relation to Iran in response to the proliferation risks presented by the Iranian nuclear program and, in this context, by Iran's continuing failure to meet the requirements of the International Atomic Energy Agency Board of Governors and to comply with the provisions of Security Council resolution 1696 (2006). The sanctions were extended by UNSC resolutions 1747 (2007), 1803 (2008) and 1929 (2010).

Since October 2008, Australia has also imposed targeted autonomous sanctions in relation to Iran’s proliferation-sensitive nuclear and missile programs and efforst to contravene United Nations Security Council sanctions.

For more information on the specific sanctions:

While this is not formally a sanctions measure, the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing Regulations 2008 impose a general prohibition on financial transactions with Iran valued at $20,000 or more.

Arms, nuclear material, ballistic missile technology

Sanctions pursuant to UN Security Council (UNSC) resolutions

Australian law currently prohibits:

  • The unauthorised supply, sale or transfer, or provision of services relating to, the following “export sanctioned goods”:
    • items mentioned in the Guidelines for the Export of Nuclear Material, Equipment and Technology - INFCIRC/254/Rev.9/Part 1;
    • items mentioned in the Guidelines for Transfers of Nuclear-related Dual use Equipment, Materials, Software and Related Technology - INFCIRC/254/Rev.7/Part 2;
    • items, materials, equipment, goods and technology related to ballistic missile-related programmes mentioned in S/2010/263;
    • items that the Minister for Foreign Affairs has determined could, if exported to Iran, contribute to Iran's enrichment-related, reprocessing or heavy water-related activities, to the development of nuclear weapon delivery systems, or to the pursuit of activities related to other topics about which the IAEA has expressed concerns or identified as outstanding mentioned in the Charter of the United Nations (Sanctions - Iran) (Export Sanctioned Goods) List Determination 2008;
    • any battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, large calibre artillery systems, combat aircraft, attack helicopters, warships, missiles or missile systems as defined for the purpose of the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, or related materiel, including spare parts
    • other items determined by the Security Council or the Committee established by the Security Council under Resolution 1737 (the 1737 Committee) (no such other items have been determined).
  • The transfer of technology or technical assistance to Iran related to any activity related to ballistic missiles capable of delivering nuclear weapons, including launches using ballistic missile technology .
  • The procurement from Iran of any of the following “import sanctioned goods”:
    • items mentioned in the Guidelines for the Export of Nuclear Material, Equipment and Technology  - INFCIRC/254/Rev.9/Part 1;,
    • items mentioned in the Guidelines for Transfers of Nuclear-related Dual use Equipment, Materials, Software and Related Technology - INFCIRC/254/Rev.7/Part 2;
    • items, materials, equipment, goods and technology related to ballistic missile-related programmes mentioned in S/2010/263;  
    • arms or related materiel .
  • The sale to Iran or an Iranian person or entity of an interest in any commercial activity involving uranium mining, the production or use of nuclear materials or technology, or technology related to ballistic missile capable of delivering nuclear weapons .

Legislation

Autonomous sanctions

Australian law currently prohibits:

  • The supply, sale or transfer to Iran of the following “export sanctioned goods”: ,
    • arms and related materiel
    • goods mentioned  in the Australia Common Control Lists, as existing from time to time
    • specified graphite*
    • specified raw metals*
    • specified semi-finished metals*
    • specified naval equipment*
    • specified naval technology*
    • specified software for integrating industrial processes*
  • The provision of technical advice, assistance or training, a financial service or financial or other assistance to Iran, related to:
    • military activies or
    • a sanctioned supply for Iran or
    • the manufacture, maintenance or use of an export sanctioned good for Iran.

Legislation

Oil, gas and petrochemical sectors

Sanctions pursuant to UNSC resolutions

Australian law currently prohibits:

  • Unauthorised business dealings with 69 Iranian energy sector entities, specified by the Minister for Foreign Affairs, on the grounds that unauthorised business with that entity may contribute to Iran’s proliferation-sensitive nuclear activities, the development of nuclear delivery systems or a violation of a UN Security Council resolution.

Legislation

Autonomous sanctions

Australian law currently prohibits:

  • The supply, sale or transfer to Iran of the following “export sanctioned goods”:
  • Specified equipment and technology for the oil and gas industry, or the petrochemical industry
  • The import, purchase or transport of  the following “import sanctioned goods:, when the goods originate in, or are exported from Iran:
    • specified crude oil products*
    • specified petroleum products*
    • specified petrochemical products*,
  • The acquisition or extension of an interest in, or the establishment of or participation in a joint venture with, or the granting of a financial loan or credit to, any of the following entities:
    • An entity in Iran that is engaged in:
      • the Iranian petrochemical industry; or
      • any of the following sectors of the Iranian oil and gas industry:
        • refining of fuels;
        • exploration of crude oil or natural gas;
        • production of crude oil or natural gas;
        • liquefaction of natural gas
    • An Iranian entity engaged in a sector mentioned in (a) outside Iran
    • An Iranian-owned entity engaged in a sector mentioned in (a) outside Iran
  • The sale (or otherwise making available) of an interest in a commercial activity in the Australian oil and gas industry (refining of fuels, exploration and production of crude oil and natural gas, and the liquefaction of natural gas) to any of the following persons or entities:
    • the government of Iran
    • any natural person in, or resident in, Iran
    • an entity formed or incorporated in Iran
    • an entity or person acting on behalf of or at the direction of an entity or a person mentioned in items (a) to (c)
    • an entity owned or controlled by a person or entity mentioned in items (a) to (c)

Implementing legislation

Financial sector

Sanctions pursuant to UNSC resolutions

Australian law currently prohibits:

  • Unauthorised business dealings with 30 Iranian financial sector entities, specified by the Minister for Foreign Affairs, on the grounds that unauthorised business with that entity may contribute to Iran’s proliferation-sensitive nuclear activities, the development of nuclear delivery systems or a violation of a UN Security Council resolution (UNSCR 1929 (2010)).

Legislation

Autonomous sanctions

Australian law currently prohibits:

  • No access to public financial support for trade with Iran.
  • Unauthorised transactions with Iran over A$20,000. Transactions below the threshold are subject to enhanced financial monitoring
  • The setting up in Australia of a representative office, or of a branch or subsidiary, of, or the acquisition or extension of an interest in an Australian financial institution by, any of the following entities:
    • a financial institution domiciled in Iran
    • a branch or a subsidiary, wherever located, of a financial institution domiciled in Iran
    • financial institution, wherever domiciled, that is controlled by an entity or a person domiciled in Iran

Implementing legislation

Transport sector

Sanctions pursuant to UNSC resolutions

Australian law currently prohibits:

  • The unauthorised provision of bunkering services, such as the provision of fuel or supplies, or other servicing of vessels, to Iranian-owned or –contracted vessels.
  • Unauthorised business dealings with 28 Iranian transportation sector entities, specified by the Minister for Foreign Affairs, on the grounds that unauthorised business with that entity may contribute to Iran’s proliferation-sensitive nuclear activities, the development of nuclear delivery systems or a violation of a UN Security Council resolution.

Legislation

Autonomous sanctions

Australian law currently prohibits:

  • The supply, sale or transfer to Iran of the following “export sanctioned goods”:
    • vessels designed for the transport or storage of oil, gas or petrochemical product
  • The provision of the following services in respect of oil tankers and cargo vessels flying the flag of the Islamic Republic of Iran or owned, chartered or operated, directly or indirectly, by an Iranian person, entity or body:
    1. classification services
    2. the supervision of, or participation in, the design, construction or repair of ships and their parts including blocks, elements, machinery, electrical installations and control installation, as well as related technical assistance, financing or financial assistance;
    3. (the inspection, testing or certification of marine equipment, materials and components as well as the supervision of the installation on board and the supervision of system integration; and
    4. the carrying out of surveys, inspections, audits and visits and the issuance, renewal or endorsement of the relevant certificates and documents of compliance, on behalf of the flag State administration.

Legislation

Currency and gold, precious metals and diamonds

Sanctions pursuant to UNSC resolutions

Australian law currently prohibits:

  • The supply, sale or transfer to Iran of the following “export sanctioned goods”:
    • newly printed or unissued Iranian denominated bank notes or newly minted or unissued Iranian denominated coinage and the provision of related services. (August 2012)
    • gold, precious metals and diamonds (applies only to the sale, supply or transfer of such goods to the government of Iran or its public bodies, corporations or agencies, including persons, entities or bodies acting on their behalf or at their direction and entities or bodies owned or controlled by them).
  • The import, purchase or transport of the following “import sanctioned goods”:
    • gold, precious metals and diamonds from or for the government of Iran or its public bodies, corporations or agencies, including persons, entities or bodies acting on their behalf or at their direction and entities or bodies owned or controlled by them, and the provision of a related financial service or financial assistance.

Legislation

Autonomous sanctions

Australian law currently prohibits:

Legislation

Targeted financial sanctions

Sanctions pursuant to UNSC resolutions

Australian law currently prohibits:

The use or dealing with the assets of, and the making available of assets to:

  • persons and entities listed by the UNSC or the 1737 (Iran) Sanctions Committee; and
  • persons and entities acting on their behalf or owned or controlled by them – 19 entities and 12 individuals have been listed in Australia (UNSCR 1737 (2006)Where the Minister for Foreign Affairs is able to determine that certain persons and entities meet the description above, she directs that their names and other available identifying information be added to the Consolidated List of persons and entities subject to UNSC targeted financial sanctions maintained by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (see link below). The prohibition described above is not, however, limited to the persons and entities determined by the Minister for Foreign Affairs, but applies to any person or entity that meet the above description.9 persons and 9 entities were added on 15 October 2008
  • 3 persons and 9 entities were added on 9 August 2010.

Legislation

Autonomous sanctions

The use or dealing with the assets of, and the making available of assets to, a person or entity designated by the Minister for Foreign Affairs other than as authorised by a permit issued by the Minister for Foreign Affairs.
Legislation

Travel bans

Travel restrictions on individuals listed by the Security Council or Sanctions Committee.

Travel restrictions on the entry or transit through Australia of persons declared by the Minister as meeting the criteria for Iran under regulation 6 of the Autonomous Sanctions Regulations.

Iran Specified Entities

On 4 August 2010 the Minister for Foreign Affairs specified 150 Iranian entities with which it is prohibited to do business without authorisation.

Iran Specified Entities List

De-listing requests

Listed individuals and entities can submit de-listing requests either through the focal point process outlined in UNSC resolution 1730 (2006) or through their State of residence or nationality.

Further information can be found at the webpage for the Focal Point for De-listing.

More information