Australia's Trade and Economic Statistics

Australia's major goods & services exports 2012(a)

Rank Commodity $ billion
1 Iron ores & concentrates 54.4
2 Coal 41.3
3 Gold 15.5
4 Education-related travel services 14.5
5 Natural gas 13.4
6 Personal travel (excl education) services 12.2
7 Crude petroleum 11.0
8 Wheat 6.5
9 Aluminium ores & concentrates (incl alumina) 5.3
10 Copper ores & concentrates 5.3
11 Beef 4.8
12 Business travel services 4.1
13 Medicaments (incl veterinary) 3.8
14 Professional services 3.8
15 Aluminium 3.8
16 Technical & other business services 3.5
17 Copper 3.3
18 Refined petroleum 3.3
19 Cotton 2.6
20 Wool & other animal hair (incl tops) 2.5
Total exports(b) 300.4

(a) Goods trade is on a recorded trade basis. Services trade is on a balance of payments basis.
(b) Total exports on a balance of payments basis.
Based on ABS trade data on DFAT STARS database and ABS catalogue 5368.0.

Australia's major goods & services imports 2012(a)

Rank Commodity $ billion
1 Personal travel (excl education) services 22.1
2 Crude petroleum 21.6
3 Passenger motor vehicles 16.9
4 Refined petroleum 15.9
5 Freight transport services 9.2
6 Telecom equipment & parts 8.7
7 Goods vehicles 8.6
8 Medicaments (incl veterinary) 8.2
9

Passenger transport services(b)

6.9
10 Civil engineering equipment & parts 6.8
11 Computers 6.8
12 Gold 5.8
13 Technical & other business services 5.0
14 Charges for intellectual property 4.0
15 Professional services 3.5
16 Business travel services 3.4
17 Rubber tyres, treads & tubes 3.1
18 Measuring & analysing instruments 3.0
19 Vehicle parts & accessories 2.9
20 Furniture, mattresses & cushions 2.9
Total imports(c) 323.4

(a) Goods trade is on a recorded trade basis. Services trade is on a balance of payments basis.
(b) Includes related agency fees & commissions.
(c) Total imports on a balance of payments basis.
Based on ABS trade data on DFAT STARS database and ABS catalogue 5368.0.

Australia's major goods exports 2012(a)

Rank Commodity $ million % share
1 Iron ores & concentrates 54,447 21.8
2 Coal 41,273 16.6
3 Gold 15,526 6.2
4 Natural gas 13,416 5.4
5 Crude petroleum 10,988 4.4
6 Wheat 6,531 2.6
7 Aluminium ores & concentrates (incl alumina) 5,273 2.1
8 Copper ores & concentrates 5,255 2.1
9 Beef 4,754 1.9
10 Medicaments (incl veterinary) 3,849 1.5
11 Aluminium 3,774 1.5
12 Copper 3,349 1.3
13 Refined petroleum 3,271 1.3
14 Cotton 2,626 1.1
15 Wool & other animal hair (incl tops) 2,524 1.0
16 Meat (excl beef) 2,370 1.0
17 Alcoholic beverages (mainly wine) 2,009 0.8
18 Oil-seeds & oleaginous fruits, soft 1,780 0.7
19 Passenger motor vehicles 1,697 0.7
20 Nickel ores & concentrates 1,478 0.6
Total goods exports(b) 249,233 100.0

(a) Recorded trade basis.
(b) Total goods exports on a balance of payments basis.
Based on ABS trade data on DFAT STARS database and ABS catalogue 5368.0.

Australia's major goods imports 2012(a)

Rank Commodity $ million % share
1 Crude petroleum 21,567 8.3
2 Passenger motor vehicles 16,919 6.5
3 Refined petroleum 15,871 6.1
4 Telecom equipment & parts 8,746 3.4
5 Goods vehicles 8,562 3.3
6 Medicaments (incl veterinary) 8,201 3.1
7 Civil engineering equipment & parts 6,822 2.6
8 Computers 6,777 2.6
9 Gold 5,841 2.2
10 Rubber tyres, treads & tubes 3,053 1.2
11 Measuring & analysing instruments 2,950 1.1
12 Vehicle parts & accessories 2,932 1.1
13 Furniture, mattresses & cushions 2,905 1.1
14 Electrical machinery & parts 2,608 1.0
15 Mechanical handling equipment & parts 2,541 1.0
16 Specialised machinery & parts 2,458 0.9
17 Pumps (excl liquid pumps) & parts 2,418 0.9
18 Prams, toys, games & sporting goods 2,316 0.9
19 Pharmaceutical products (excl medicaments) 2,305 0.9
20 Household-type equipment 2,273 0.9
Total goods imports(b) 260,997 100.0

(a) Recorded trade basis.
(b) Total goods imports on a balance of payments basis.
Based on ABS trade data on DFAT STARS database and ABS catalogue 5368.0.

Australia's services exports 2012(a)

Services $ million % share
Manufactured services on physical inputs owned by others 10 0.0
Maintenance & repair 50 0.1
Transport
Passenger(b) 2,490 4.9
Freight 348 0.7
Other 2,286 4.5
Postal & courier services 1,040 2.0
Total transport 6,164 12.0
Travel
Business 4,102 8.0
Personal 26,640 52.0
> Education-related 14,467 28.3
> Other personal(c) 12,173 23.8
Total travel 30,742 60.1
Other
Construction 50 0.1
Insurance & pension 457 0.9
Financial 1,596 3.1
Intellectual property charges 831 1.6
Telecommunications, computer & information 1,668 3.3
Other business services 7,824 15.3
Personal, cultural and recreational 878 1.7
Government services 912 1.8
Total other 14,216 27.8
Total services exports 51,182 100.0

(a) Balance of payments basis.
(b) Passenger services include air transport-related agency fees & commissions.
(c) Inbound tourism for mainly recreational purposes.
Based on ABS catalogue 5368.0.

Australia's services imports 2012(a)

Services $ million % share

Manufactured services on physical inputs owned by others

0 0.0
Maintenance & repair 493 0.8
Transport

Passenger(b)

6,901 11.1
Freight 9,228 14.8
Other 480 0.8
Postal & courier services 79 0.1
Total transport 16,688 26.7
Travel
Business 3,386 5.4
Personal 23,152 37.1
> Education-related 1,020 1.6
> Other personal(c) 22,132 35.5
Total travel 26,538 42.5
Other
Construction 0 0.0
Insurance & pension 714 1.1
Financial 777 1.2
Intellectual property charges 4,044 6.5
Telecommunications, computer & information 1,790 2.9
Other business services 8,782 14.1
Personal, cultural and recreational 1,623 2.6
Government services 968 1.6
Total other 18,698 30.0
Total services imports 62,417 100.0

(a) Balance of payments basis.
(b) Passenger services include air transport-related agency fees & commissions.
(c) Outbound tourism for mainly recreational purposes.
Based on ABS catalogue 5368.0.

Australia's global export position

How we compare to the rest of the world 2012 (US$ billion)

Rank Country Goods(a) Services(b) Total exports %
share
1 China 2,049 191 2,240 9.8
2 United States 1,546 640 2,186 9.6
3 Germany 1,407 262 1,669 7.3
4 Japan 799 146 944 4.1
5 Netherlands 656 134 789 3.5
6 France 569 212 780 3.4
7 United Kingdom 474 284 758 3.3
8 Republic of Korea 548 111 659 2.9
9 Hong Kong(c) 493 123 616 2.7
10 Italy 501 104 605 2.7
11 Russian Federation 529 59 588 2.6
12 Belgium 447 97 543 2.4
13 Canada 455 79 534 2.3
14 Singapore 408 112 521 2.3
15 India 294 141 435 1.9
16 Spain 294 137 431 1.9
17 Saudi Arabia 388 11 399 1.7
18 Mexico 371 16 387 1.7
19 United Arab Emirates 350 15 365 1.6
20 Taiwan 301 49 350 1.5
21 Switzerland 226 93 319 1.4
22 Australia 258 53 311 1.4
23 Brazil 243 40 282 1.2
24 Thailand 230 50 279 1.2
25 Malaysia 227 38 265 1.2
26 Sweden 172 76 249 1.1
27 Ireland 117 116 233 1.0
28 Austria 166 61 228 1.0
29 Poland 183 38 221 1.0
30 Indonesia 188 23 212 0.9
Total exports 18,401 4,426 22,827

(a) Goods on recorded trade basis.
(b) Services on balance of payments basis.
(c) Special Administrative Region of China.
Source: WTO online database.

Australia's top 10 export Markets 2012(a)

($ billion)

Australia's top 10 export Markets 2012

Total exports

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(a) All data is on a balance of payments basis, except for goods by country which are on a recorded trade basis.
Based on ABS trade data on DFAT STARS database and ABS catalogue 5368.0.55.004.

Australia's global import position

How we compare to the rest of the world 2012 (US$ billion)

Rank Country Goods(a) Services(b) Total imports % share
1 United States 2,336 442 2,777 12.1
2 China 1,818 281 2,100 9.2
3 Germany 1,167 295 1,462 6.4
4 Japan 886 177 1,062 4.6
5 United Kingdom 690 180 870 3.8
6 France 674 173 846 3.7
7 Netherlands 591 120 711 3.1
8 Republic of Korea 520 108 628 2.7
9 India 490 128 618 2.7
10 Hong Kong(c) 553 57 611 2.7
11 Italy 487 107 593 2.6
12 Canada 475 106 581 2.5
13 Belgium 437 92 530 2.3
14 Singapore 380 118 498 2.2
15 Russian Federation 335 106 442 1.9
16 Spain 335 90 424 1.9
17 Mexico 380 29 410 1.8
18 Australia 270 65 335 1.5
19 Brazil 233 81 314 1.4
20 Taiwan 270 43 313 1.4
21 Thailand 248 53 300 1.3
22 United Arab Emirates 230 64 294 1.3
23 Turkey 237 21 257 1.1
24 Switzerland 198 47 245 1.1
25 Malaysia 197 42 239 1.0
26 Saudi Arabia 156 73 229 1.0
27 Poland 196 32 228 1.0
28 Indonesia 190 34 224 1.0
29 Austria 178 43 221 1.0
30 Sweden 163 55 218 1.0
Total imports 18,601 4,274 22,875

(a) Goods on recorded trade basis.
(b) Services on balance of payments basis.
(c) Special Administrative Region of China.
Source: WTO online database.

Australia's top 10 import sources 2012(a)(b)

($ billion)

Australia's top 10 import sources 2012

Total imports

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(a) All data is on a balance of payments basis, except for goods by country which are on a recorded trade basis.
(b) Excludes imports of aircraft (excl the United States - see footnote (c)). This has a significant impact on import totals for France (EU28).
(c) Includes confidential aircraft imports for the US only.
Based on ABS trade data on DFAT STARS database and ABS catalogue 5368.0.55.004.

Top 10 two-way trading partners 2012(a)(b)

($ billion)

RANK Country Goods Services Total % share
1 China 117.4 7.6 125.1 20.0
2 Japan 66.8 4.2 71.1 11.4
3

United States(c)

39.9 16.3 56.2 9.0
4 Republic of Korea 29.7 2.2 31.9 5.1
5 Singapore 21.6 7.5 29.1 4.7
6 United Kingdom 13.4 8.9 22.3 3.6
7 New Zealand 14.7 6.6 21.2 3.4
8 Thailand 15.1 3.4 18.4 3.0
9 Malaysia 14.7 2.9 17.7 2.8
10 India 14.8 2.7 17.5 2.8
Total top 10
trading partners
348.1 62.3 410.4 65.8
Total two-way trade 510.2 113.6 623.8 100.0
of which:

APEC(c)

372.1 65.6 437.8 70.2
ASEAN10 71.1 20.5 91.7 14.7

EU28(b)

59.7 21.9 81.6 13.1

OECD(c)

224.9 56.4 281.3 45.1

(a) All data is on a balance of payments basis, except for goods by country which are on a recorded trade basis.
(b) Excludes imports of aircraft (excl the United States - see footnote (c)). This has a significant impact on import totals for France (EU28).
(c) Includes confidential aircraft imports for the US only.
Based on ABS trade data on DFAT STARS database, ABS catalogue 5368.0.05.004 and ABS unpublished data.

Total two-way trade by region 2012

China, 20.0%; Japan, 11.4%; Republic of Korea, 5.1%; ASEAN, 14.7%; Other Asia, 9.6%; Europe, 14.9%; Americas, 11.6%; Oceania and Antarctica, 5.2%; Africa, 2.0%; Other, 5.5%; Asia Total, 60.8%