Adoption in Australia

Citizenship by adoption in Australia

Normally, Australian adoption orders are presented directly to the relevant State Registrar of Births, Deaths and Marriages and a new birth certificate is issued.

The child then automatically acquires Australian citizenship providing the adoption occurred on or after 22 November 1984 and, at the time of adoption:

People adopted in Australia before 22 November 1984 do not automatically acquire Australian citizenship and may apply for conferral of Australian citizenship. Applicants adopted before this date must produce a certificate of Australian citizenship in support of their passport application.

Applicants for a passport need to submit their full birth certificate and, if born on or after 20 August 1986, proof that one parent was an Australian citizen or a permanent resident in Australia at the time of the adoption.

See also ‘ Applications for adopted children born overseas ’.