My telegram PC20.  The following represents a summary of the position reached in various Commissions up to this morning. A daily cabled summary will be sent in future.
A. Political and Territorial Commission for Italy 1. First paragraph of the preamble was adopted unanimously.
Netherlands amendment to the first part of paragraph 2 was adopted by 11 votes to 9 to read-'whereas Italy under the Fascist regime became a party to the tripartite pact with Germany and Japan undertook a war of aggression and thereby provoked a state of war with all the Allied and associated powers etc.' 2. China moved an amendment on behalf of Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Netherlands and China to paragraph 3 which was unanimously adopted by the Commission. It reads-'whereas in consequence of the victories of the Allied forces, and with the assistance of the Democratic elements of the Italian people the Fascist regime in Italy was overthrown on 25th July, 1943, and Italy having surrendered unconditionally signed the terms of armistice on 3rd September and 29  of the same year and'.
3. Netherlands amendment of the preamble 'whereas after the said armistice the said armed forces both of the Government and the Resistance Movement took an active part in the war against Germany etc.' was adopted (Yugoslavia abstaining).
4. The first major discussion was on Australian proposals on human rights. In the preamble the words-'conformity with the principles of justice' were added after the word 'which' in the fourth recital. Further consideration was deferred pending consideration Australian proposal 'new part 10. Court of Human Rights'.
Australian amendment for Fact Finding Commission on boundary questions was then discussed. This ended in Russia directly attacking Australia on time wasting and failure to accept considered conclusion of other bodies. I vigorously defended the right of Australia and other members to put forward amendments and to be given the facts.