312 Australian Delegation, United Nations, to Department of External Affairs
Cablegram UN987 NEW YORK, 11 December 1946, 1.35 p.m.
(1) The Greek case  came before the Security Council yesterday when four hours were spent debating whether or not Greece, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria and Albania should be invited to participate in discussion. Whereas all Members agreed that under Article 31  Greece and Yugoslavia should be asked to participate several, principally Netherlands and Australia, pointed out that Article 32 provided that non-Members could only be invited to participate in discussions relating to disputes to which they were a party. If and when it was determined that they were parties to a dispute they could be invited to participate but for the time being should only be asked to make statements of fact at invitation of Council.
(2) Gromyko debated stubbornly in favour of their full participation in discussion from commencement but the Council finally decided that for the time being Albania and Bulgaria should only be asked to prepare statements.
(3) Australia took advantage of the above discussion to express the view that the. Council should not immediately allow debate between parties but concentrate on examination of facts in order to make the preliminary determination whether or not it was a case for investigation under Article 34, and if so, it should immediately commence such investigation. Preliminary discussion should concentrate on this point.
(4) As on all previous occasions, handling of this case will be complicated by fear that Russia may claim and exercise veto on any proposal for investigation, and will try to use the Council as a forum where Soviet satellites can make contentious statements. It is extremely difficult to stiffen other Members against these tactics but we will continue to press the Australian policy of investigation.