505 Mr John Curtin, Prime Minister, to Mr Winston Churchill, U.K. Prime Minister

Cablegram Johcu 33 CANBERRA, 29 May 1942

MOST IMMEDIATE MOST SECRET

I have received from Dr. Evatt [1] a lengthy report on the results of his mission to London.

express our warmest thanks for your assurances of support, for the instructions issued to the representatives of the Chiefs of Staff to support the requisitions of MacArthur [2] and the representations of the Australian Government, and for the practical assistance you are giving in the matter of equipment. In particular, we are most grateful for the provision of a wing of three Spitfire squadrons, which Dr. Evatt has told me was your own conception. They will be a great contribution to the security of our country and will, we hope, have a demoralizing effect on the Japanese Air Force.

3. The inclusion of an R.A.F. squadron is a magnificent gesture on your part, and I am confident that this practical manifestation of support will do much to encourage the Australian people in their inflexible determination to fight till victory is won.

4. I shall take an opportunity when Parliament reassembles next week to express in general terms the Government's appreciation of the help you have given to its representative in London. [3]

CURTIN

[AA:MP1217, BOX 581, EXCHANGE OF CABLEGRAMS BETWEEN MR CHURCHILL AND MR CURTIN AFTER OUTBREAK OF WAR WITH JAPAN]

1 Minister for External Affairs, to whom this cablegram was repeated as no. PM77 (see copy in Flinders University Library:

Evatt Papers, Cables to and from Dr Evatt, March-May 1942). For Evatt's report see Documents 500-2.

2 Allied Supreme Commander in the South-West Pacific Area.

3 Churchill replied on 30 May: 'Evatt's visit has been a great success and he has made many friends over here. I feel I shall have another friend in Australia. Evatt has also repeatedly assured me of your good will. This will be a great help in the many difficulties we have to face together.' See cablegram Winch 23 (AA:A3195, 1942, 1.21243).

[2.] On behalf of the Government and people of Australia I would