Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement negotiations

TPP market snapshot (including Australia)

  • GDP: US$27,750.0 billion (2013)
  • GDP per capita: US$34,752 (2013)
  • Population: 798.5 million (2013)
  • Trade with Australia: AU$211,024 million (2013)
  • TPP % of world GDP: 37.5% (2013)
  • TPP % of world population: 11.2% (2013)
  • TPP % of world trade: 25.0% (2013)

Map of TPP countries - quick facts

Map of TPP countries

Australia

TPP negotiations commenced in Melbourne in March 2010.

New Zealand

New Zealand commenced refrigerated shipping of meat and dairy in 1882 after observing Australia's first frozen meat shipment to the United Kingdom in 1880.

Peru

Peru has been a destination for Australian alpaca fleece exports since 2006.

Vietnam

Australian wine accounts for 15% of Vietnam's total wine imports (Austrade).

About the TPP negotiations

The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) is one possible pathway toward realising the vision of a free trade area of the Asia-Pacific. The Asia-Pacific region is a key driver of global economic growth; close to half of all global trade, and around 70 per cent of Australia's trade flows through the region.

There are currently 12 parties negotiating the TPP, five of which are among Australia's top 10 trading partners (Japan – 2, United States – 3, Singapore – 5, New Zealand – 7, Malaysia – 9). Australia's participation in the TPP negotiations will further strengthen our trade relationship with these key trading partners. Australia supports the expansion of TPP membership over time to other economies in the Asia-Pacific region. 
Australia is a dynamic and open trading economy.  Australia’s trade in goods and services reached a new high in 2013. Two-way trade grew by 3.5 per cent to $646.1 billion in 2013, up from $624 billion in 2012. Australia's international trade links have resulted in strong economic growth, even through a turbulent global economic environment. Our pursuit of trade liberalisation, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region, will continue to ensure our economic prosperity into the future.

Conclusion of the TPP would open new trade and investment opportunities for Australia in the Asia-Pacific region, further integrate our economy in this fast growing region, and promote and facilitate regional supply chains.  By setting commonly agreed rules and promoting transparency of new laws and regulations, the agreement will provide certainty for businesses and reduce costs and red tape for Australian exporters, service suppliers and investors.

Australia's decision to participate in the TPP in 2008 followed an extensive public consultation process. Overall, there was widespread support for Australia's participation in the TPP.  Australian individuals and businesses were interested in potential new export opportunities the TPP offered, and were keen for Australia to be involved in the shaping of trade rules for the region.

The Government continues to take all available opportunities to engage with interested parties. DFAT has held more than 700 public consultations on the TPP negotiations, and is open to receiving submissions on the TPP at any time. Input received through the consultation process is being used to inform the Government's priorities and objectives for Australia's ongoing work on the TPP.

Key interests and benefits

  • The TPP has the potential to forge stronger economic links between economies in the Asia-Pacific region based on common rules for trading. It is in Australia’s interests to be involved in order to shape the direction of the initiative.
  • The TPP will provide new opportunities for Australian goods to be used in manufacturing and production processes in the region.
  • Australia does not have existing trade agreements with a number of the current TPP parties.  The TPP could provide Australian exporters of goods and services with increased access to these new markets.  The TPP could also build on the FTAs Australia has concluded by providing additional access for Australian goods and services into those TPP countries.
  • The TPP provides an opportunity to benefit Australia’s significant services sector, through enhanced access for service suppliers involved in education, legal, financial, mining and agricultural services.
  • The TPP will provide substantive outcomes on electronic commerce which will benefit consumers and businesses.

Overview

An overview of the TPP negotiations, including its history, Australia's negotiating objectives and position on key issues under negotiation:

TPP overview [PDF 655 KB] | Text only version of the presentation [DOCX 305 KB]

News

TPP Meetings, Ottawa 3 - 12 July 2014

TPP Chief Negotiators and officials met in Ottawa, Canada, to progress work on resolving outstanding issues in the negotiations. Negotiators worked through issues on a range of topics including on labour, state-owned enterprises, intellectual property, investment and in all areas of market access.  Australia also held several bilateral meetings to advance our interests across the negotiations. 

TPP Ministerial Meeting, Singapore, 19-20 May 2014

TPP Ministers met in Singapore from 19-20 May, making further progress on market access discussions and advancing outstanding rules issues, and cementing their shared views on what is needed to bring the TPP negotiations to a close.

Statement of the Ministers and Heads of Delegation for the Trans-Pacific Partnership countries

TPP Chief Negotiators' Meeting, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam 12-15 May 2014

Chief negotiators of the 12 Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) countries met from 12-15 May 2014, in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, to progress negotiations to conclude the Agreement.

TPP Ministerial Meeting, Singapore 22-25 February 2014

TPP Ministers and chief negotiators met in Singapore from 22 to 25 December, making further progress towards finalising a comprehensive TPP agreement.

Statement of the Ministers and Heads of Delegation for the Trans-Pacific Partnership countries

Republic of Korea's interest in the Trans-Pacific Partnership

The Republic of Korea has formally expressed interest in joining the Trans-Pacific Partnership. Australia and other TPP countries have welcomed its interest and are now undertaking a bilateral process with Korea to discuss its readiness to join.

To assist in this process we would welcome further submissions and comments from stakeholders considering Korea's possible involvement in the TPP. Submissions can be made by email to tpp@dfat.gov.au. Please note all submissions will be made publicly available on the DFAT website unless the author specifies otherwise.

Australia Welcomes Korea's Interest in the TPP

Trade and Investment Minister Andrew Robb MP has welcomed the Republic of Korea's expression of interest in participating in the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement.

Media release: Australia welcomes Korea's Interest in the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement negotiations

TPP Ministerial Meeting, Singapore 7-10 December 2013

Ministers and heads of delegation of the 12 TPP countries met in Singapore and made substantial progress towards completing the TPP agreement.

Statement of the Ministers and Heads of Delegation for the Trans-Pacific Partnership countries

TPP Meetings 19-24 November 2013, Salt Lake City

Chief negotiators for the 12 Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement countries have reported significant progress after six days of intensive meetings in Salt Lake City, Utah.

Working with key subject-matter experts, the lead TPP negotiators resolved a substantial number of outstanding issues, including with regard to intellectual property, cross-border trade in services, temporary entry, environment, market access, state-owned enterprises, investment, financial services, sanitary and phytosanitary issues, government procurement, labour, e-commerce, legal issues, technical barriers to trade and rules of origin.

The work of the chief negotiators this week has significantly narrowed the number of issues to be addressed directly by the TPP Ministers at their upcoming meeting in Singapore.

Discussions among TPP negotiators will continue in the coming days to further set the stage for a productive meeting among the TPP Ministers on 7-10 December 2013.

TPP Leaders' meeting in Bali – October 2013

On 8 October 2013, Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Leaders, including the Australian Prime Minister, met in Bali in the margins of the APEC Leaders' meeting to outline the substantial headway made in negotiations to date, confirm their commitment to concluding a high-quality TPP agreement and consider next steps.

Trans-Pacific Partnership Leaders Statement

Ministerial guidance energizes negotiators work during 19th round of TPP Negotiations

The 19th round of Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement negotiations were held in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam, on 24 – 30 August 2013.

Ministerial guidance energizes negotiators work during 19th round of TPP Negotiations

Joint Press Statement TPP Ministerial Meeting – Bandar Seri Begawan Brunei Darussalam, August 23 2013

On 22 and 23 August the ministers of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) countries met jointly and bilaterally to review the progress of TPP negotiations, offer guidance to negotiators, and help drive the negotiations to conclusion in line with the 2013 timeframe.

Joint Press Statement TPP Ministerial Meeting – Bandar Seri Begawan Brunei Darussalam, August 23 2013

Eighteenth round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiations

The 18th round of Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement negotiations were held in Kota Kinabalu from 15 – 25 July 2013.

Update on the eighteenth round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiations

Japan welcomed as new member

Australia has warmly welcomed Japan as a new member of the Trans-Pacific Partnership. TPP ministers meeting in the margins of the APEC Trade Ministers' Meeting in Surabaya, Indonesia, extended the invitation to Japan to join in the negotiations, and Japan accepted the invitation on 21 April. Japan's inclusion in the negotiations brings the number of TPP countries to 12. TPP countries would now account for nearly 40 per cent of global GDP and almost 35 per cent of Australia's total two-way trade.

Media release: Australia welcomes Japan to Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiations

Round seventeen – May 2013, Lima

The 17th round of Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement negotiations was held in Lima on 15 – 24 May 2013.

Update on the seventeenth round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiations

Round sixteen – March 2013, Singapore

The 16th round of Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement negotiations were held in Singapore from 4 – 13 March 2013. Negotiators made good progress with a view to concluding negotiations before the end of 2013.

Update on the sixteenth round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiations

Round fifteen – December 2012, Auckland

The 15th round of Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) negotiations was held in Auckland, New Zealand from 3–12 December 2012. Negotiators made good progress in Auckland with the hope of concluding negotiations by the end of 2013. 

Update on the fifteenth round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiations

Round fourteen – September 2012, Leesburg

TPP negotiations continued to make progress at the 14th negotiating round held in Leesburg, Virginia from 6 - 15 September 2012. Good progress was made in text negotiations in a number of chapters and in the negotiations on market access commitments.

Update on the fourteenth round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiations

TPP Ministers Meeting in Vladivostok - September 2012

On 6 September in the margins of the APEC Leaders meeting in Vladivostok, Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Trade Ministers met to review the progress of TPP negotiations. Ministers provided a Report to TPP Leaders outlining the substantial headway that has been to date. TPP Leaders confirmed their commitment to concluding a comprehensive, truly regional TPP agreement as rapidly as possible, and welcomed new Members Canada and Mexico to the negotiating group.

TPP Ministers' Report to Leaders [PDF 99 KB]

TPP Leaders' statement [PDF 90 KB]

Round thirteen – July 2012, San Diego

The thirteenth round of negotiations for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement was held on 2-10 July 2012 in San Diego, California. Australia, along with TPP negotiating partners Brunei, Chile, Malaysia, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the United States and Vietnam, made important progress at the round and further moved negotiations on chapter texts closer to conclusion.

Update on the thirteenth round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiations

Japan's interest in the TPP

Japan has formally expressed interest in joining the TPP negotiations. Australia and other TPP countries have welcomed its interest and are now undertaking a bilateral process with Japan to discuss its readiness to join, and its capacity to maintain both the ambition and pace of the negotiations. This is the same process that each TPP country undertook when they sought to join the TPP, with final decisions taken by a consensus of all current TPP parties.

To assist in this process we would welcome further submissions and comments from stakeholders considering Japan's possible involvement in the TPP. Submissions can be made by email to tpp@dfat.gov.au. Please note all submissions will be made publicly available on the DFAT website unless the author specifies otherwise.

New Members Canada and Mexico

Australia has warmly welcomed Canada and Mexico as new members of the Trans-Pacific Partnership. Their inclusion in the negotiations, announced during the G20 Leaders' Summit in Los Cabos in June 2012, brings the number of parties seeking to conclude a wide-ranging accord on trade and economic integration across the Asia-Pacific region to 11.

Media release: Australia welcomes Mexico to Trans-Pacific Partnership talks

Media release: Australia welcomes Canada to Trans-Pacific Partnership talks

Round twelve - May 2012, Dallas

The US hosted the twelfth round of TPP negotiations in Dallas, Texas from 8 – 18 May 2012. Better-than-expected progress was made during the ten-day round as negotiators further narrowed differences on many areas of the legal text, and negotiating groups are on a clear path towards concluding most of the more than 20 chapters of the agreement. Issues that could not be resolved at the round will be addressed by specific intersessional work plans.

Update on the twelfth round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiations

Round eleven – March 2012, Melbourne

Australia hosted the eleventh round of TPP negotiations in Melbourne from 1-9 March 2012. The round was the first full round involving all negotiating groups since the TPP Leaders met in Honolulu in mid-November last year.

Update on the eleventh round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiations

Release of confidentiality letter

During the Chicago round in September 2011 TPP negotiators were asked to release the letters setting out an understanding among TPP countries on the handling of negotiating texts and other documents exchanged in the course of the negotiations.

Release of confidentiality letter

Round ten – December 2011, Kuala Lumpur

TPP negotiating parties conducted a mini-round in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from 5 - 9 December. Only a small number of negotiating groups met during the week. The nine negotiating parties convened in Malaysia following a meeting of TPP Leaders in Honolulu in mid-November.

Update on the tenth round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiations

TPP Leaders' meeting in Honolulu - November 2011

Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Leaders, including Prime Minister Gillard, met in Honolulu on 12 November in the margins of the APEC Leaders' meeting to review progress in the negotiations and consider next steps.

TPP Leaders' meeting - progress review

Round nine – October 2011, Lima

The ninth round of TPP negotiations concluded on 28 October in Lima, Peru. The 10 day round had around 870 delegates in attendance, including negotiators, stakeholders and media.

Update on the ninth round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiations

Round eight – September 2011, Chicago

The eighth round of TPP negotiations was held in Chicago, United States, from 6–15 September 2011. TPP Parties continued to work towards settling the broad outlines of an agreement by the APEC Leaders Meeting in Honolulu in November.

Update on the eighth round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiations

Round seven – June 2011, Ho Chi Minh City

The seventh round of TPP negotiations was held in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, from 15–24 June 2011. TPP Parties (Australia, Brunei, Chile, Malaysia, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the United States and Vietnam) continued to make steady progress across all negotiating groups.

Update on the seventh round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiations

Round six – March/April 2011, Singapore

Australia and its TPP partners continued to make progress toward a high-quality, 21st century agreement at the sixth round of TPP negotiations held in Singapore from 24 March to 1 April 2011. Negotiators at this round focussed on narrowing the gaps in positions on the draft text and discussing initial market access offers.

Update on the sixth round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiations

Round five – February 2011, Santiago

Chile hosted the fifth round of TPP negotiations in Santiago from 14–18 February 2011, with the nine TPP countries advancing further toward their goal of developing a high quality, comprehensive, 21st century regional trade agreement.

Update on the fifth round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiations

Round four – December 2010, Auckland

The fourth round of TPP negotiations was held in Auckland from 6–10 December 2010, with the nine TPP Parties continuing to make steady progress across the full range of issues under discussion.

Update on the fourth round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiations

Round three – October 2010, Brunei

The third round of TPP negotiations was held in Brunei from 4–9 October 2010 with the participation of new member, Malaysia. TPP Parties reached consensus early in the week on Malaysia joining the negotiations, and Malaysia then participated in the Brunei negotiations for the remainder of the week. Malaysia is the first country to join the negotiations since the group launched negotiations in March 2010. TPP Parties remain committed to further expanding membership over time to countries across the Asia-Pacific that can meet the high-quality, ambitious objectives of the TPP.

Update on the third round of Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) negotiations – Malaysia joins

Round two – June 2010, San Francisco

The second round of TPP negotiations, held in San Francisco from 14–18 June 2010, resulted in significant progress on both the broad architecture of the agreement, and on a range of specific issues to be covered in the TPP.

Update on the second round of Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) negotiations – solid progress

Round one – March 2010, Melbourne

The first formal round of TPP negotiations was held in Melbourne on 15–19 March 2010, with the participation of over 200 officials from Australia, the US, New Zealand, Chile, Singapore, Brunei, Peru and Vietnam. It was a productive first round that got the negotiations off to a strong start.

Update on the first round of Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) negotiations – a strong start

Republic of Korea's interest in the Trans-Pacific Partnership

The Republic of Korea has formally expressed interest in joining the Trans-Pacific Partnership. Australia and other TPP countries have welcomed its interest and are now undertaking a bilateral process with Korea to discuss its readiness to join.

To assist in this process we would welcome further submissions and comments from stakeholders considering Korea's possible involvement in the TPP. Submissions can be made by email to tpp@dfat.gov.au. Please note all submissions will be made publicly available on the DFAT website unless the author specifies otherwise.

Submissions

The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade continues to welcome public submissions and comments on Australia's participation in TPP negotiations. Submissions may be emailed to tpp@dfat.gov.au or posted by mail to:

Goods and Investment Branch
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
R.G. Casey Building
John McEwen Crescent
Barton ACT 0221

All submissions will be made publicly available on the DFAT website unless the author specifies otherwise.

Submission texts

Submissions have been received from a wide range of interested parties including industry, business, community and labour representatives and government agencies.

Organisations listed

Some organisations/entities have provided permission to be listed publicly as having made a submission to the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade on Australia's participation in the TPP.

Where an organisation/entity has agreed to have their submission made available, a link to the text of their submission appears next to their name.

Copyright and content

Copyright in submissions resides with the author(s), not with the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.

The views expressed in these submissions are the views of the author(s) and should not be understood as reflecting the views of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.

Format

Submissions were provided to the Department in a range of formats with varying quality, including Microsoft Word, Adobe PDF and scanned facsimile.

To maintain consistent quality, those documents approved for publication have been made available in PDF format wherever possible.

Submissions received

Note: If you cannot access these files, please contact us and we will arrange to send you an alternative format.

For business

Austrade has identified potential opportunities for Australian suppliers of goods and services in a number of sectors. Austrade's country page supplies general information on doing business and on specific export opportunities in:

Australia has existing trade agreements with:

Australia is also negotiating a bilateral trade agreement with Japan.

FAQs and resources

Overview

An overview of the TPP negotiations, including its history, Australia's negotiating objectives and position on key issues under negotiation:

TPP overview [PDF 655 KB] | Text only version of the presentation [DOCX 305 KB]

Frequently asked questions

Media releases and speeches

Country factsheets

Contact us

  • Email: tpp@dfat.gov.au
  • Mail:
    Goods and Investment Branch
    Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
    R.G. Casey Building
    John McEwen Crescent
    Barton ACT 0221