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Australian Government - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade

Advancing the interests of Australia and Australians internationally

Australian Government - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade

Advancing the interests of Australia and Australians internationally

Australian Safeguards and Non-Proliferation Office

Annual Report 2000-2001

Annex C AONM Overseas

Australian Obligated Nuclear Material Overseas

Table 8 Locations and Quantities of AONM as at 31 December 2000

Category

Location

Quantity (tonnes)

Total (tonnes)[1]

 

93,638

Natural Uranium

Canada, Euratom, Japan, ROK, USA

19,045

Uranium in Enrichment Plants

Euratom, Japan, USA

19,590

Depleted Uranium

Euratom, Japan, USA

47,787

Low Enriched Uranium

Canada, Euratom, Japan, ROK, Switzerland, USA

7,073

Irradiated Plutonium

Canada, Euratom, Japan, ROK, Switzerland, USA

56.4

Separated Plutonium

Euratom, Japan

0.5

Thorium

USA

86

Table 9 Transfers of AONM during 2000

Process[2]

Quantity Uranium (tonnes)

Transfer Destination

Conversion

1,423

Canada

 

2,268

Euratom

 

3,579

USA

Total transfers between jurisdictions
to conversion plants

7,270

 

Enrichment

689

USA

 

88

Euratom

 

154

Japan

Total transfers between jurisdictions
to enrichment plants

931

 

Fuel fabrication

5

Euratom

 

136

Japan

 

96

USA

 

226

ROK

Total transfers between jurisdictions
to fuel fabrication plants

463

 

 

[1]. The end-use for all AONM is for the production of electric power in civil nuclear reactors and for related R&D. AONM cannot be used for any military purpose.

In accordance with the relevant agreements, Australias bilateral safeguards agreement partners report on a calendar year basis.

The actual quantities of AONM held in each country, and accounted for by that country pursuant to the relevant agreement with Australia, are considered by ASNOs counterparts to be confidential information. Totals above are based on annual reports under Australia's bilateral agreements and other information held by ASNO.

All quantities are given as tonnes weight of the element uranium, plutonium or thorium. In the case of uranium, the isotope weight of uranium-235 is, for natural uranium 0.711% of the element weight, for depleted uranium 0.20%, and for low enriched uranium in the range 1-5%.

Irradiated plutonium comprises plutonium contained in irradiated power reactor fuel, or plutonium reloaded in a power reactor following reprocessing. Plutonium recovered from reprocessing is categorised as separated plutonium until it has been fabricated with uranium as MOX (mixed oxide) fuel and returned to a reactor for further power generation.

There may be minor discrepancies in the above figures due to rounding.

[2]. The above figures are for transfers made during 2000 and do not include transfers made in earlier years. The figures do not include transfers of AONM made within the fuel cycle of a State (or of Euratom), only between jurisdictions. There were no transfers of AONM between jurisdictions to reprocessing plants or reactors for irradiation in 2000.

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