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PROFESSIONS AND SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
The Institute aims to promote professional networking and institutional links and to demonstrate the high quality and diversity of Australian products and services in specified fields.
The Institute supported a range of small programs designed to strengthen institutional linkages between Australian and Indonesian health organisations between 1995 and 1999. These included a program in intensive care, a workshop on contemporary medicine in Eastern Indonesia and a program designed to develop health education in Indonesia. Some significant health programs supported during the period are mentioned below.
Royal College of Nursing of Australia: The Royal College of Nursing of Australia (RCNA) visited Jakarta in the second half of 1997 to determine the feasibility of developing a bilateral strategic plan that would assist in the proposed upgrading of nursing services in Indonesia. The researcher consulted with key health professionals including personnel from the Ministry of Health (DEPKES), Faculty of Nursing, University of Indonesia, Consortium of Health Sciences, National Organisation of Indonesian Nurses (PPNI) and health facilities. Emphasis was placed on establishing a regulatory system, developing practice standards in all areas, and creating a code of conduct for nursing services in Indonesia. The project identified both the training needs and appropriate secure national and international funding sources to finance the development of the strategic plan. An important outcome is the ongoing bilateral professional consultation between the PPNI and RCNA. The project was in line with the Health Cooperation MOU between the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia (DEPKES) and the then Australian Department of Health, Housing and Community Services.
Medical treatment for KH Abdurrahman Wahid (elected President in October 1999): In early 1998 the Institute provided an Australian doctor to travel to Jakarta to provide an assessment of KH Abdurrahman Wahid's medical condition following a stroke he had suffered.
Rehabilitation of disabled in East Timor: During 1998 and 1999 the Institute supported a program undertaken by Australian doctors from the Australian South East Asia Rehabilitation Foundation (ASES Rehab) and Royal Hobart Hospital to provide rehabilitation services to disabled people in East Timor. The program focused on training East Timorese disability service providers, including doctors and paramedics, and developed linkages with the Catholic Order of Maryknoll Sisters in Aileu and the Department of Health in East Timor. The program, an initiative of Dr John Hargrave, achieved impressive outcomes.
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Scientific exchanges were an important focus for the Australia Indonesia Institute in meeting its objectives during the reporting period. Mr Ofri Johan from the Bung Hatta University in West Sumatra visited Australia on a scientific work exchange program with Mr Liesl Jonker from the Natural History Department of the Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory, in late 1998. This program of collaborative links involved the study of fish and coral taxonomy and collection management. The exchange was one in a series to forge links between the scientists and assist in future collaborative work. The program also served to strengthen the institutional ties between the organisations.
Cross-sectoral collaboration between the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) and the Centre for Sustainable and Urban Regional Development (CSURD) was supported by the Institute between 1995 and 1997. The program, a collaborative effort between CSIRO, the University of Melbourne and the University of Indonesia at Lemtek, provided high-level research, training and business services that advanced efficient sustainable development and enhanced the competitiveness of firms working in the region. The Institute's seed funding for the centre assisted the Indonesian government and industry to sustainably work towards its development target of one million new homes per year and significant infrastructure development over a five-year period. The onset of the Asian economic crisis reduced the impact of the program. Nevertheless, advanced CSIRO planning techniques and construction processes, modern building regulations, cutting edge software and computer-based planning optimisation techniques helped to substantially cut development costs and energy use.
Other programs supported in the field of science and technology included funding to assist the conference in Indonesia on parasite control (1996-97), a strategic planning exercise for the Asian Region International Association of Co-operating Organisations - Committee for Economic Development of Australia (1995-96) and institutional support for the Indonesian Science and Technology Centre (1995-96).
During 1997 and 1998 the Institute funded an Australia Indonesia Legal Development Foundation (AILDF) judicial training and linkages program whereby Indonesian judges visited Australia to establish closer ties between members of the Indonesian and Australian judiciaries. During 1997 Justice Maruarar Siahaan of the Bandung Court of Appeals visited Australia on the program. Justice Siahaan was particularly interested in the system of compulsory arbitration instituted in some Australian jurisdictions. Justice Marina Sidabutar from the Jakarta Administrative Court visited Australia in late August 1998.
In October 1997 the Australia Indonesia Institute funded a visit by representatives of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Indonesia to the Northern Territory to strengthen ties between the Indonesian and Australian judiciary under a Lawasia judicial exchange.
The Institute supported a range of other law program initiatives during the reporting period. One important example was support for a conference in 1995 to mark the 50th anniversary of Indonesian Independence and the 10th anniversary of the foundation of the Asian Law Centre at the University of Melbourne. This was the first Australian conference entirely devoted to Indonesian law. Attended by prominent Indonesian and Australian lawyers and academics, the conference facilitated the development of a national network of academics working on Indonesian law.
Through the Australian Public Interest Advocacy Centre (PIAC) a training program was delivered in 1998 for Indonesian lawyers and judges under Indonesia's Environment Management Act 1997 (EMA). PIAC worked in partnership with the Indonesian Centre for Environmental Law (ICEL) and the legal aid organisation Yayasan Lembaga Bantuan Hukum Indonesia (YLBH). A guidebook was prepared for public interest lawyers and judges outlining how to conduct class action claims under the EMA. By enhancing the effectiveness of procedural rights under the EMA the project contributed to improvements to Indonesia's environment by facilitating the prevention of
PIAC also undertook a workshop and series of meetings on public rights to information under these new laws to develop an understanding of freedom of information (FOI) legislation. The project involved Indonesian non-government organisations and government agencies involved in environmental management and provided a model for adoption of FOI by other government agencies.
Industrial security management program
The Australian Federal Police provided industrial security management training to the Indonesian National Police (POLRI) and, through POLRI, to Indonesia's Industrial Security Unit through a multi-phase program in 1998 and 1999. The training assisted POLRI to increase its conventional policing skills and promoted closer law enforcement ties and cooperation between Australia and Indonesia in combating organised and international crime within the region. The Institute's seed funding was instrumental in facilitating further bilateral law enforcement cooperation with Indonesia through AusAID's Government Sector Linkages Program.
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